John Adams

AdamsJohnJ. AdamsPresident John AdamsADAMS, JohnPresident Adamssecond president1st VP inauguration of John AdamsAdams, John M.Adams’
John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.wikipedia
1,834 Related Articles

White House

The White HousePresident's HouseExecutive Mansion
He was the first president to reside in the executive mansion now known as the White House.
It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. and has been the residence of every U.S. President since John Adams in 1800.

United States Declaration of Independence

Declaration of IndependenceindependenceAmerican Declaration of Independence
He assisted in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and was its foremost advocate in Congress.
John Adams, a leader in pushing for independence, had persuaded the committee to select Thomas Jefferson to compose the original draft of the document, which Congress edited to produce the final version.

Alien and Sedition Acts

Sedition ActSedition Act of 1798Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798
Adams signed the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts and built up the army and navy in the undeclared "Quasi-War" with France.
The Alien and Sedition Acts were four laws passed by the Federalist-dominated 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798.

1796 United States presidential election

17961796 presidential election1796 election
He was then elected President in 1796; during his single term, he encountered fierce criticism from the Jeffersonian Republicans and from some in his own Federalist Party, led by his rival Alexander Hamilton.
Incumbent Vice President John Adams of the Federalist Party defeated former Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party.

Federalist Party

FederalistFederalistsF
He was then elected President in 1796; during his single term, he encountered fierce criticism from the Jeffersonian Republicans and from some in his own Federalist Party, led by his rival Alexander Hamilton.
The only Federalist President was John Adams.

Quincy, Massachusetts

QuincyQuincy, MAMount Wollaston
Known as the "City of Presidents," Quincy is the birthplace of two U.S. presidents—John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams—as well as John Hancock, a President of the Continental Congress and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Quasi-War

undeclared wara threatened war with Francewar with France
Adams signed the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts and built up the army and navy in the undeclared "Quasi-War" with France.
The Quasi-War (Quasi-guerre) was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800 which broke-out during the beginning of John Adams' presidency.

Thoughts on Government

Adams was the primary author of the Massachusetts Constitution in 1780, which influenced the United States' own constitution, as did his earlier Thoughts on Government.
Thoughts on Government, or in full Thoughts on Government, Applicable to the Present State of the American Colonies, was written by John Adams during the spring of 1776 in response to a resolution of the North Carolina Provincial Congress which requested Adams' suggestions on the establishment of a new government and the drafting of a constitution.

John Adams Sr.

John Adams
John Adams was born on October 30, 1735 (October 19, 1735, Old Style, Julian calendar) to John Adams Sr. and Susanna Boylston.
He was the father of the second U.S. President, John Adams Jr., and grandfather of the sixth President, John Quincy Adams.

Alexander Hamilton

HamiltonHamiltonianA. Hamilton
He was then elected President in 1796; during his single term, he encountered fierce criticism from the Jeffersonian Republicans and from some in his own Federalist Party, led by his rival Alexander Hamilton.
He called for mobilization against the French First Republic in 1798–99 under President John Adams, and became Commanding General of the previously disbanded U.S. Army, which he reconstituted, modernized, and readied for war.

1800 United States presidential election

18001800 presidential electionelection of 1800
Opposition from Federalists and accusations of despotism from Republicans led to Adams' re-election loss to his former friend Thomas Jefferson, and he retired to Massachusetts.
In what is sometimes referred to as the "Revolution of 1800", Vice President Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party defeated incumbent President John Adams of the Federalist Party.

Abigail Adams

AbigailAbigail SmithAbigail Smith Adams
Adams was a dedicated diarist, and correspondent with his wife and advisor Abigail, recording important historical information on the era.
Abigail Adams (née Smith; November 22, [O.S. November 11] 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife and closest advisor of John Adams, as well as the mother of John Quincy Adams.

John Quincy Adams

AdamsJohn QuincyJ. Q. Adams
He and his wife generated a family of politicians, diplomats, and historians now referred to as the Adams political family, which includes their son John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the United States. John and Abigail had six children: Abigail "Nabby" in 1765, future president John Quincy Adams in 1767, Susanna in 1768, Charles in 1770, Thomas in 1772, and Elizabeth in 1777.
He was the eldest son of John Adams, who served as president from 1797 to 1801.

Samuel Adams

Sam AdamsSamuelAdams
Adams was initially less well known than his older cousin Samuel Adams, but his influence emerged from his work as a constitutional lawyer, his analysis of history, and his dedication to republicanism.
He was a second cousin to his fellow Founding Father, President John Adams.

Henry Adams (farmer)

Henry AdamsHenry Adams (1583–1646)
Adams' great-grandfather Henry Adams emigrated to Massachusetts from Braintree, Essex, England around 1638.
He was a patrilineal ancestor of U.S. Presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams.

Charles Adams (1770–1800)

Charles AdamsCharles
John and Abigail had six children: Abigail "Nabby" in 1765, future president John Quincy Adams in 1767, Susanna in 1768, Charles in 1770, Thomas in 1772, and Elizabeth in 1777.
Charles Adams (May 29, 1770 – November 30, 1800) was the second son of President John Adams and his wife, Abigail Adams (née Smith).

Worcester, Massachusetts

WorcesterWorcester, MAWorcester, Mass.
Though his father expected him to be a minister, after his 1755 graduation with an A.B. degree, he taught school temporarily in Worcester, Massachusetts, while pondering his permanent vocation.
Between 1755 and 1758, future U.S. president John Adams worked as a schoolteacher and studied law in Worcester.

Abigail Adams Smith

AbigailAbigail AdamsAbigail "Nabby" Adams
John and Abigail had six children: Abigail "Nabby" in 1765, future president John Quincy Adams in 1767, Susanna in 1768, Charles in 1770, Thomas in 1772, and Elizabeth in 1777.
Abigail "Nabby" Amelia Adams Smith (July 14, 1765 – August 15, 1813) was the firstborn of Abigail and John Adams, founding father and second President of the United States.

Thomas Hutchinson (governor)

Thomas HutchinsonHutchinsonGovernor Hutchinson
His ideas began to change around 1772, as the British Crown assumed payment of the salaries of Governor Thomas Hutchinson and his judges instead of the Massachusetts legislature.
He was a politically polarizing figure who came to be identified by John Adams and Samuel Adams as a proponent of hated British taxes, despite his initial opposition to Parliamentary tax laws directed at the colonies.

Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
Opposition from Federalists and accusations of despotism from Republicans led to Adams' re-election loss to his former friend Thomas Jefferson, and he retired to Massachusetts.
Previously, he had been elected the second vice president of the United States, serving under John Adams from 1797 to 1801.

Treaty of Paris (1783)

Treaty of Paris1783 Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 1783
As a diplomat in Europe, he helped negotiate the peace treaty with Great Britain and secured vital governmental loans.
Representing the United States were Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens, and John Adams.

Thomas Boylston Adams (1772–1832)

Thomas Boylston AdamsThomas AdamsThomas B. Adams
John and Abigail had six children: Abigail "Nabby" in 1765, future president John Quincy Adams in 1767, Susanna in 1768, Charles in 1770, Thomas in 1772, and Elizabeth in 1777.
Thomas Boylston Adams (May 4, 1772 – March 13, 1832) was the third and youngest son of the 2nd president of the United States, John and Abigail (Smith) Adams.

Joseph Mayhew

At age sixteen, Adams entered Harvard College in 1751, studying under Joseph Mayhew.
His career included being a tutor of John Adams at Harvard, a Preacher, and Chief Justice of Dukes County, Massachusetts.

Boston Massacre

British troops kill five civiliansincident on March 5, 1770murder of Messieurs Samuel Gray, Samuel Maverick, James Caldwell, and Crispus Attucks, with Patrick Carr
He defied anti-British sentiment and successfully defended British soldiers against murder charges arising from the Boston Massacre.
Defended by lawyer and future American president John Adams, six of the soldiers were acquitted, while the other two were convicted of manslaughter and given reduced sentences.

John Adams Birthplace

birthplaceborn on the family farm
Adams was born on the family farm in Braintree, Massachusetts.
It is the saltbox home in which the second president of the United States, John Adams, was born in 1735.