John Austin (legal philosopher)

English legal theorist, who posthumously influenced British and American law with an analytical approach to jurisprudence and a theory of legal positivism.

- John Austin (legal philosopher)

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Jeremy Bentham

English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.

Portrait by Henry William Pickersgill
Portrait of Bentham by the studio of Thomas Frye, 1760–1762
Elevation, section and plan of Bentham's panopticon prison, drawn by Willey Reveley in 1791.
Defence of Usury, 1788
Bentham's public dissection
Bentham's auto-icon in a new display case at University College London's Student Centre in 2020.
Bentham's auto-icon in 2003
Jeremy Bentham's severed head, on temporary display at UCL
Henry Tonks' imaginary scene of Bentham approving the building plans of London University
The back of No. 19, York Street (1848). In 1651 John Milton moved into a "pretty garden-house" in Petty France. He lived there until the Restoration. Later it became No. 19 York Street, belonged to Jeremy Bentham (who for a time lived next door), was occupied successively by James Mill and William Hazlitt, and finally demolished in 1877.
Jeremy Bentham House in Bethnal Green, East London; a modernist apartment block named after the philosopher

Bentham's students included his secretary and collaborator James Mill, the latter's son, John Stuart Mill, the legal philosopher John Austin, American writer and activist John Neal.

John Stuart Mill

English philosopher, political economist, Member of Parliament (MP) and civil servant.

Mill, c. 1870
Portrait of Mill by George Frederic Watts (1873)
John Stuart Mill and Helen Taylor. Helen was the daughter of Harriet Taylor and collaborated with Mill for fifteen years after her mother's death in 1858.
"A Feminine Philosopher". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1873.
The utilitarian doctrine is, that happiness is desirable, and the only thing desirable, as an end; all other things being only desirable as means to that end. ~ John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism (1863)
Essays on Economics and Society, 1967
Statue of Mill by Thomas Woolner in Victoria Embankment Gardens, London

Instead he followed his father to work for the East India Company, and attended University College, London, to hear the lectures of John Austin, the first Professor of Jurisprudence.

Lucie, Lady Duff-Gordon

English author and translator who wrote as Lucie Gordon.

Lucie, Lady Duff Gordon, a sketch by George Frederic Watts R.A. about 1848
A sketch by a school friend of Lucie Austin aged 15
Lucie, Lady Duff-Gordon by Henry W. Phillips (c. 1851)

Lucie was born on 24 June 1821, in Queen Square, Westminster, to John Austin (1790–1859), a jurist, and his wife, Sarah Austin, a translator.

Creeting St Mary

Village and civil parish in the Mid Suffolk district of Suffolk in eastern England.

Eight exclaves of highly anomalous Cowley, all in Hillingdon, then in Middlesex.

John Austin (1790–1859), legal thinker responsible for the theory of legal positivism, was born here, the eldest son of the miller.

Sarah Austin (translator)

English editor, linguist and translator from German-language books.

She caused surprise by marrying John Austin (1790–1859) on 24 August 1819.

The Province of Jurisprudence Determined

The Province of Jurisprudence Determined is a book written by John Austin, first published in 1832, in which he sets out his theory of law generally known as the 'command theory'.

Sir Alexander Cornewall Duff-Gordon, 3rd Baronet

British civil servant and Baronet of Halkin.

St Dunstan's Church, Cheam

Lucie was the daughter of literary translator Sarah Austin and legal philosopher John Austin.

University College London

Public research university in London, United Kingdom.

The London University as drawn by Thomas Hosmer Shepherd and published in 1827–1828 (now the UCL Main Building)
Henry Tonks' 1923 mural The Four Founders of UCL
William Ramsay is regarded as the "father of noble gases".
The UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies building, which was opened in 2005
The Torrens Building in Adelaide, South Australia, which housed the UCL School of Energy and Resources
New Student Centre on Gordon Street
Wilkins Building and Main Quad
The Rockefeller Building on University Street, one of UCL's largest premises
Drayton House, which houses the Department of Economics
The UCL School of Pharmacy building
The Faculty of Engineering Sciences building
The Bedford Way building, home to the UCL Institute of Education and the Departments of Geography, Psychology and Language
The main building of University College Hospital
The Francis Crick Institute building
John O'Keefe, neuroscientist and the latest (2014) UCL faculty member to win a Nobel Prize (in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of place cells)
The Cruciform Building on Gower Street houses the preclinical facilities of the UCL Medical School
Bentham House, the main building of the UCL Faculty of Laws
The Donaldson Reading Room, part of UCL's Main Library
The UCL Institute of Education's Newsam Library, the largest education library in Europe
The Flaxman Gallery
Performers at the 2014 UCL summer ball
Students' union building on Gordon Street
A UCL player attacks in his team's 2014 Varsity victory. UCL's traditional rivalry with King's College is nowadays most noticeable at the annual varsity rugby game
Frances Gardner House
William Bayliss, co-discoverer of Secretin, the first identified hormone
Former UCL logo, in use until 2005
UCL "coat of arms"
UCL scarf colours
Mahatma Gandhi{{efn|Attended; did not graduate.}}
Alexander Graham Bell{{efn|Attended; did not graduate.}}
Francis Crick
John Stuart Mill
A. E. Housman
William Stanley Jevons
Marie Stopes
Rabindranath Tagore{{efn|Attended; did not graduate.}}
Gustav Holst
Joseph Lister
Otto Hahn
Peter Higgs
Charles K. Kao
Demis Hassabis
Christopher Nolan
Chris Martin
Ricky Gervais
Itō Hirobumi
Jomo Kenyatta
Junichiro Koizumi
Tomáš G. Masaryk
Kwame Nkrumah

Notable former UCL faculty and staff include Jocelyn Bell Burnell (co-discoverer of radio pulsars), A. S. Byatt (writer), Ronald Dworkin (legal philosopher and scholar of constitutional law), John Austin (legal philosopher, founder of analytical jurisprudence), Sir Jack Drummond (noted for his work on nutrition as applied to the British diet under rationing during the Second World War), Sir A.J. Ayer (philosopher), Sir Ambrose Fleming (inventor of the first thermionic valve, the fundamental building block of electronics), Lucian Freud (painter), Andrew Goldberg (chairman of Medical Futures), Peter Higgs (the proposer of the Higgs mechanism, which predicted the existence of the Higgs boson), Andrew Huxley (physiologist and biophysicist), William Stanley Jevons (economist), Sir Frank Kermode (literary critic), A. E. Housman (classical scholar, and poet), Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (first President of Czechoslovakia and "Father of the Nation"), John Stuart Mill (philosopher), Peter T. Kirstein (computer scientist, significant role in the creation of the Internet), George R. Price (population geneticist), Edward Teller ("Father of the Hydrogen Bomb"), David Kemp (the first scientist to demonstrate the existence of the otoacoustic emissions), Dadabhai Naoroji (Indian Parsi leader, the first Asian to be elected to UK House of Commons), Hannah Fry (data scientist, mathematician and BBC presenter) and Carl Gombrich (opera singer and university founder).

Positive law

Action.

Plato (left) and Aristotle (right), a detail of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael.

Thomas Hobbes and John Austin both espoused the notion of an ultimate sovereign.

1863 in literature

This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1863.

An image showing which century years are leap years in the Gregorian calendar

John Austin (posthumously, compiled by Sarah Austin) – Lectures on Jurisprudence