John Buchanan (settler)

John Buchanan
John Buchanan (1855–1896), was a Scottish horticulturist who went to Central Africa, now Malawi, in 1876 as a lay member of the missionary party that established Blantyre Mission.wikipedia
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Blantyre and East Africa Ltd

John Buchanan died at Chinde in Mozambique in March 1896 on his way to visit Scotland, and his estates were later acquired by the Blantyre and East Africa Ltd.
John Buchanan (1855–96) was first apprenticed to a gardener at Drummond Castle.

British Central Africa Protectorate

British Central AfricaBritish CommissionerBritish Commissioner for Central Africa
In 1891, the Shire Highlands became part of the British Central Africa Protectorate. 1862). John Buchanan was married in 1893 and died at Chinde in Mozambique on his way from the British Central Africa protectorate to Scotland in March 1896.
In response to this incursion, Johnston's deputy John Buchanan declared a Shire Highlands Protectorate in Johnston's absence, despite the contrary Foreign Office instructions.

Muthill

Muthill Old Church and TowerMuthill, Scotland
John Buchanan was born in Muthill, Perthshire on 15 May 1855.

A. L. Bruce Estates

A L Bruce EstatesAlexander Low BruceA. L. Bruce plantation
Buchanan also acted as broker for non-residents wishing to buy land, including Alexander Low Bruce, whose land later formed the A L Bruce Estates.
Bruce never visited Nyasaland, but obtained title to some 170,000 acres of land, most of it in a single block south of Zomba through his association with the African Lakes Company and the agency of John Buchanan, a planter who brokered sales of land by local chiefs.

Alfred Sharpe

Sir Alfred SharpeAlfred
In 1891, Johnston appointed Alfred Sharpe as Vice-Consul in place of Buchanan.
Both Johnston and his vice-consul, John Buchanan, exceeded their instructions and declared British protectorates, firstly over the Shire Highlands and then over the area west of Lake Nyasa, both in 1889.

Harry Johnston

Sir Harry JohnstonHenry Hamilton JohnstonHarry Hamilton Johnston
To prevent effective Portuguese occupation of the Shire Highlands, the British government appointed Henry Hamilton Johnston as British consul to Mozambique and the Interior in early 1889, and instructed him to report on the extent of Portuguese rule in the Zambezi and Shire valleys and to make conditional treaties with local rulers beyond Portuguese jurisdiction, to prevent them from accepting protection from Portugal.
They included Alfred Sharpe (Johnston's Deputy Commissioner), Bertram L. Sclater (Surveyor, Roadmaker, and Commandant of the Constabulary), Alexander Whyte (a zoologist who was to discover several new species in Nyasaland), Cecil Montgomery Maguire (Military Commandant), Hugh Charlie Marshall (Customs Officer, Collector of Revenues and Postmaster for the Chiromo district), John Buchanan (an agriculturalist who had been in Nyasaland since 1876, and was appointed Vice Consul by Johnston), and others.

Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1891

1891 Anglo-Portuguese treatytreatya treaty
Between the British issuing of an Ultimatum to Portugal on 11 January 1890 and the signing of a treaty in Lisbon on 11 June 1891, both Britain and Portugal tried to occupy more of the disputed areas and assert their authority.
Serpa Pinto occupied much of Makololo territory after this minor clash, at which Johnston's vice-consul, John Buchanan, accused Portugal of ignoring British interests in this area and declared a British protectorate over the Shire Highlands in December 1889, despite contrary instructions.

Horticulture

horticulturisthorticulturalcultivation
John Buchanan (1855–1896), was a Scottish horticulturist who went to Central Africa, now Malawi, in 1876 as a lay member of the missionary party that established Blantyre Mission.

Malawi

Republic of MalawiMalawianMalaŵi
John Buchanan (1855–1896), was a Scottish horticulturist who went to Central Africa, now Malawi, in 1876 as a lay member of the missionary party that established Blantyre Mission.

Laity

laylaymanlaymen
John Buchanan (1855–1896), was a Scottish horticulturist who went to Central Africa, now Malawi, in 1876 as a lay member of the missionary party that established Blantyre Mission.

St Michael and All Angels Church, Blantyre

St Michael and All Angels ChurchBlantyre MissionSt Michael and All Angels Church, Blantyre, Malawi
John Buchanan (1855–1896), was a Scottish horticulturist who went to Central Africa, now Malawi, in 1876 as a lay member of the missionary party that established Blantyre Mission.

Artisan

craftsmenartisanscraftsmanship
Buchanan came to Central Africa as an ambitious artisan: his character was described as dour and devout but also as restlessly ambitious, and he saw in Central Africa a gateway to personal achievement.

Zomba, Malawi

Zombacity of ZombaZomba Gymkhana
He started a mission farm on the site of Zomba, Malawi but was dismissed from the mission in 1881 for brutality.

Zomba District

Zomba
From being a disgraced missionary, Buchanan first became a very influential planter owning, with his brothers, extensive estates in Zomba District.

Consul (representative)

consulconsulateConsul General
He then achieved the highest position he could in the British administration as Acting British Consul to Central Africa from 1887 to 1891.

Shire Highlands

Shire
In that capacity declared a protectorate over the Shire Highlands in 1889 to pre-empt a Portuguese expedition that intended to claim sovereignty over that region.

Acquisition of sovereignty

sovereigntyanimus occupandiOccupation
In that capacity declared a protectorate over the Shire Highlands in 1889 to pre-empt a Portuguese expedition that intended to claim sovereignty over that region.

Chinde

John Buchanan died at Chinde in Mozambique in March 1896 on his way to visit Scotland, and his estates were later acquired by the Blantyre and East Africa Ltd.

Mozambique

MozambicanMoçambiqueRepublic of Mozambique
John Buchanan died at Chinde in Mozambique in March 1896 on his way to visit Scotland, and his estates were later acquired by the Blantyre and East Africa Ltd.

Perthshire

County of PerthPerthPerthshire, Scotland
John Buchanan was born in Muthill, Perthshire on 15 May 1855.

Drummond Castle

Drummond
His father, John Buchanan, was a skilled worker at Drummond Castle who married Helen (née Gilbert) in 1844; they had six known children: Duncan (b.

Protectorate

British Protectorateprotectionprotectorates
1862). John Buchanan was married in 1893 and died at Chinde in Mozambique on his way from the British Central Africa protectorate to Scotland in March 1896.

Blantyre

Blantyre, MalawiBlantyre, NyasalandBalntyre
Two of his brothers died at Blantyre in the protectorate, David in 1892 and Robert in 1896, a few months after John's death.

Royal Army Medical Corps

RAMCR.A.M.C.Army Hospital Corps
His son, John Cecil Rankin (later Sir John) Buchanan (1896–1976) was a doctor who worked in the colonial medical services of Tanganyika, Somaliland and Aden between 1925 and 1940 and, after war service with the Royal Army Medical Corps in East Africa and the South Pacific, joined the Colonial Office Medical Service becoming its Chief Medical Officer in 1960.

Church of Scotland

KirkScottish ChurchPresbyterian
He was one of the original party under the leadership of Henry Henderson that founded the Church of Scotland Blantyre Mission.