John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry

Marquess of QueensberryJohn Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of QueensberryJohn Sholto DouglasMarquess of QueensburyThe 9th Marquess of QueensberryMarquis of Queensberrythe Marquess of Queensberry9th Marquess9th Marquess of QueensberryJohn
John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (20 July 1844 – 31 January 1900), was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for his atheism, his outspoken views, his brutish manner, for lending his name to the "Queensberry Rules" that form the basis of modern boxing, and for his role in the downfall of the Irish author and playwright Oscar Wilde.wikipedia
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Oscar Wilde

WildeWildeanSebastian Melmoth
John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (20 July 1844 – 31 January 1900), was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for his atheism, his outspoken views, his brutish manner, for lending his name to the "Queensberry Rules" that form the basis of modern boxing, and for his role in the downfall of the Irish author and playwright Oscar Wilde.
At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde had the Marquess of Queensberry prosecuted for criminal libel.

Marquess of Queensberry Rules

Queensberry RulesQueensbury RulesQueensberry Era
John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (20 July 1844 – 31 January 1900), was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for his atheism, his outspoken views, his brutish manner, for lending his name to the "Queensberry Rules" that form the basis of modern boxing, and for his role in the downfall of the Irish author and playwright Oscar Wilde.
Drafted in London in 1865 and published in 1867, they were named so as the 9th Marquess of Queensberry publicly endorsed the code, although they were written by a Welsh sportsman named John Graham Chambers.

Boxing

boxerboxersprofessional boxer
John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (20 July 1844 – 31 January 1900), was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for his atheism, his outspoken views, his brutish manner, for lending his name to the "Queensberry Rules" that form the basis of modern boxing, and for his role in the downfall of the Irish author and playwright Oscar Wilde.
The rules were published under the patronage of the Marquess of Queensberry, whose name has always been associated with them.

Lady Florence Dixie

Florence DixieLady Florence DouglasFlorence
He had three brothers, Francis, Archibald, and James, and two sisters, Gertrude and Florence.
She had a twin brother, Lord James Edward Sholto Douglas (died 1891), an older sister, Lady Gertrude Douglas (1842–1893), and three older brothers: John, Viscount Drumlanrig (1844–1900), later 9th Marquess of Queensberry, Lord Francis Douglas (1847–1865), and the Reverend Lord Archibald Edward Douglas (1850–1938).

Marquess of Queensberry

Earl of QueensberryEarl of Queensberry (1633)Marquessate of Queensberry
He was briefly styled Viscount Drumlanrig following his father's succession in 1856, and on the latter's death in 1858 he inherited the Marquessate of Queensberry.
The family seat of the Marquesses of Queensberry was Kinmount House in the parish of Cummertrees, south Scotland, which was sold by the 9th Marquess in 1896.

Lord Alfred Douglas

Alfred DouglasLord Alfred "Bosie" DouglasLord Alfred 'Bosie' Douglas
Lord Alfred "Bosie" Douglas, the third son, was the close friend and lover of the famous author and poet Oscar Wilde.
Douglas’s father, the Marquess of Queensberry, disapproved strongly of the affair, and set out to humiliate Wilde, publicly accusing him of homosexuality.

Caroline Douglas

Caroline Margaret ClaytonCaroline
John Douglas was born in Florence, Italy, the eldest son of Conservative politician Archibald, Viscount Drumlanrig, and Caroline Margaret Clayton.
The couple went on to have five sons and two daughters: Gertrude, John, Francis, Archibald, and twins James and Florence.

Lord Francis Douglas

FrancisFrancis DouglasLord Francis William Bouverie Douglas
He had three brothers, Francis, Archibald, and James, and two sisters, Gertrude and Florence.
He had an older sister, Lady Gertrude Georgiana Douglas (1842–1893); an older brother, John Sholto Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig (1844–1900), later the ninth Marquess of Queensberry; a younger brother, Lord Archibald Edward Douglas (1850–1938), who became a clergyman; and a younger brother and sister, the twins Lord James Douglas (d.

Percy Douglas, 10th Marquess of Queensberry

Percy Sholto Douglas, 10th Marquess of QueensberryLord Percy DouglasPercy Douglas
Douglas's second son, Lord Percy Douglas (1868–1920), succeeded to the peerage instead.
Born in Cummertrees, Dumfries, Scotland, he was the second son of The 9th Marquess of Queensberry and brother of Lord Alfred Douglas, the lover of Oscar Wilde.

Archibald Douglas, 8th Marquess of Queensberry

Viscount DrumlanrigArchibald Douglas8th Marquess of Queensberry
John Douglas was born in Florence, Italy, the eldest son of Conservative politician Archibald, Viscount Drumlanrig, and Caroline Margaret Clayton.

Woking Crematorium

Wokingfirst crematoriumhis cremation apparatus there
After cremation at Woking Crematorium, his ashes were buried at Kinmount in the Douglas Mausoleum outside Cummertrees Parish Church.

Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery

Lord RoseberyEarl of RoseberyThe Earl of Rosebery
His eldest son and heir apparent was Francis, Viscount Drumlanrig, who was rumoured to have been engaged in a homosexual relationship with the Liberal Prime Minister, The 5th Earl of Rosebery.
Like Oscar Wilde, he was hounded by John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, for his association with Francis Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig, one of Queensberry's sons – who was his private secretary.

Edward Carson

Sir Edward CarsonLord CarsonEdward Carson, Baron Carson
Queensberry's lawyers, headed by barrister Edward Carson, portrayed Wilde as a vicious older man who seduced innocent young boys into a life of degenerate homosexuality.
In 1895, he was engaged by the Marquess of Queensberry to lead his defence against Oscar Wilde's action for criminal libel.

Kinmount House

KinmountKinmount, Scotland
Queensberry sold the family seat of Kinmount in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, an action which further alienated him from his family.
In 1896, The 9th Marquess of Queensberry sold Kinmount to Edward Brook, a wealthy English industrialist who had bought the adjacent Hoddom Castle estate in the 1870s.

The Trials of Oscar Wilde

Trials of Oscar Wilde, The
The Trials of Oscar Wilde also known as The Man with the Green Carnation and The Green Carnation, is a 1960 British film based on the libel and subsequent criminal cases involving Oscar Wilde and the Marquess of Queensberry.

Mike Tyson Mysteries

14 of season 2A Mine Is A Terrible Thing To Waste
An effeminately flamboyant caricature of him, voiced by Jim Rash, is featured as a main character in the Adult Swim cartoon Mike Tyson Mysteries in which he serves as a lifestyle coach to Mike Tyson.
The show follows the fictional misadventures of boxer/actor Mike Tyson, the ghost of the Marquess of Queensberry, Tyson's adopted daughter, and a talking pigeon, as they solve mysteries around the world.

Zermatt

resort of ZermattZermatt, Switzerlandresort village of Zermatt
That year he published a long philosophical poem, The Spirit of the Matterhorn, which he had written in Zermatt in 1873 in an attempt to articulate his secularist views.

Francis Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig

Viscount DrumlanrigBaron Kelheadelder brother Francis
His eldest son and heir apparent was Francis, Viscount Drumlanrig, who was rumoured to have been engaged in a homosexual relationship with the Liberal Prime Minister, The 5th Earl of Rosebery.
Born at 8 Chesterfield Street, Mayfair, London, Drumlanrig was the eldest son of John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, by his first wife Sibyl, daughter of Alfred Montgomery.

Wilde (film)

WildeWilde'' (film)
Douglas' father, the Marquess of Queensberry (Tom Wilkinson), objects to his son's relationship with Wilde and demeans the playwright shortly after the opening of The Importance of Being Earnest.

Jim Rash

An effeminately flamboyant caricature of him, voiced by Jim Rash, is featured as a main character in the Adult Swim cartoon Mike Tyson Mysteries in which he serves as a lifestyle coach to Mike Tyson.

Libel Act 1843

1843 Libel Act
According to the Libel Act 1843, proving the truth of the accusation and a public interest in its exposure was a defence against a libel charge, and Wilde's lawyers concluded that the prostitutes' testimony was likely to do that.
Oscar Wilde was bankrupted under this provision when he abandoned his libel prosecution against Lord Queensberry and was ordered to reimburse him for the considerable expenses Queensberry had incurred for legal representation and private detectives.

Oscar Wilde (film)

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde'' (film)
The film starred Robert Morley as Oscar Wilde, Ralph Richardson as Sir Edward Carson, Phyllis Calvert as Constance Wilde, John Neville as Lord Alfred Douglas, Dennis Price as Robbie Ross, Alexander Knox as Sir Edward Clarke and Edward Chapman as the Marquess of Queensberry.

Scottish people

ScottishScotsScot
John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (20 July 1844 – 31 January 1900), was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for his atheism, his outspoken views, his brutish manner, for lending his name to the "Queensberry Rules" that form the basis of modern boxing, and for his role in the downfall of the Irish author and playwright Oscar Wilde.

Irish people

IrishIrishmanIrish descent
John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (20 July 1844 – 31 January 1900), was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for his atheism, his outspoken views, his brutish manner, for lending his name to the "Queensberry Rules" that form the basis of modern boxing, and for his role in the downfall of the Irish author and playwright Oscar Wilde.