John F. Kennedy

KennedyPresident KennedyJFKPresident John F. KennedyKennedy administrationJohnJohn KennedyJohn Fitzgerald KennedyJohn F KennedyJohn F.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician and journalist who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.wikipedia
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1960 United States presidential election

19601960 presidential election1960 election
In the 1960 presidential election, Kennedy narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, who was the incumbent vice president.
In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee.

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

assassinationassassinatedassassination of President John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician and journalist who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.

Richard Nixon

NixonPresident NixonRichard M. Nixon
In the 1960 presidential election, Kennedy narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, who was the incumbent vice president.
Nixon served for eight years as Vice President, becoming the second-youngest vice president in history at age 40. He waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign in 1960, narrowly losing to John F. Kennedy, and lost a race for governor of California to Pat Brown in 1962.

Peace Corps

U.S. Peace CorpsUS Peace CorpsAmerican Peace Corps
Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and supported the civil rights movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.
The program was established by Executive Order 10924, issued by President John F. Kennedy on March 1, 1961 and authorized by Congress on September 21, 1961 with passage of the Peace Corps Act (Pub.L. 87–293).

New Frontier

Accelerated Public Works ActJFK speechJohn F. Kennedy's speech
Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and supported the civil rights movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.
The term New Frontier was used by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy in his acceptance speech in the 1960 United States presidential election to the Democratic National Convention at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum as the Democratic slogan to inspire America to support him.

Massachusetts's 11th congressional district

11th district11thMA-11
After the war, Kennedy represented the 11th congressional district of Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953.
Its last Congressman was Brian Donnelly; its most notable were John Quincy Adams following his term as president, eventual president John F. Kennedy and Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill.

John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories

conspiracyconspiracy theoriesconspiracy to assassinate John F. Kennedy
Both the FBI and the Warren Commission officially concluded that Oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups challenged the findings of the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy.
The assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963 has spurred numerous conspiracy theories, which include accusations of involvement of the CIA, the Mafia, sitting Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro, the KGB, or even some combination thereof.

Bay of Pigs Invasion

Bay of Pigsinvasioninvasion of Cuba
In April 1961, he authorized a failed joint-CIA attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro in the Bay of Pigs Invasion.
Eisenhower's successor, John F. Kennedy, approved the final invasion plan on 4 April 1961.

Lee Harvey Oswald

Oswaldofficial conclusion that Oswald acted alonelone gunman
Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was never prosecuted due to his killing by Jack Ruby two days later; Ruby was sentenced to death and died while the sentence was on appeal in 1967.
Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was an American Marxist and former U.S. Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

EisenhowerDwight EisenhowerPresident Eisenhower
He increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
He approved the Bay of Pigs invasion, which was left to his successor, John F. Kennedy, to carry out.

Cuban Missile Crisis

missile crisisCuban Quarantine1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
In October 1962, U.S. spy planes discovered that Soviet missile bases had been deployed in Cuba; the resulting period of tensions, termed the Cuban Missile Crisis, nearly resulted in the breakout of a global thermonuclear conflict.
After several days of tense negotiations, an agreement was reached between US President John F. Kennedy and Khrushchev.

Jack Ruby

Ruby[Jack] Rubyassassination of Lee Harvey Oswald
Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was never prosecuted due to his killing by Jack Ruby two days later; Ruby was sentenced to death and died while the sentence was on appeal in 1967.
He fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald on November 24, 1963, while Oswald was in police custody after being charged with assassinating United States President John F. Kennedy and murdering Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit about an hour later.

Profiles in Courage

his book of the same name
While in the Senate, he published his book entitled Profiles in Courage, which won a Pulitzer Prize for Biography.
John F. Kennedy is credited as the author, although the extent of his contribution has been questioned.

Warren Commission

Warren ReportThe President's Commission on the Assassination of President KennedyThe Warren Commission
Both the FBI and the Warren Commission officially concluded that Oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups challenged the findings of the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy.
The U.S. Congress passed Senate Joint Resolution 137 authorizing the Presidential appointed Commission to report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, mandating the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence.

John F. Fitzgerald

John "Honey Fitz" FitzgeraldJohn F. "Honey Fitz" FitzgeraldJohn Fitzgerald
His maternal grandfather and namesake John F. Fitzgerald served as a U.S. Congressman and was elected to two terms as Mayor of Boston.
John Francis "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald (February 11, 1863 – October 2, 1950) was an American politician, father of Rose Kennedy and maternal grandfather of President John F. Kennedy.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site

83 Beals Streetbirthplace of John F. Kennedybirthplace of President John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at 83 Beals Street in suburban Brookline, Massachusetts, to businessman/politician Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy and philanthropist/socialite Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy.
The John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site is the birthplace and childhood home of John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

EuniceEunice Mary KennedyEunice Mary Kennedy Shriver
Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr., and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Kathleen "Kick", Eunice, Patricia, Robert "Bobby", Jean, and Edward "Ted".
She was a sister of President John F. Kennedy and senators Robert F. Kennedy and Ted Kennedy.

Ted Kennedy

Edward KennedyEdward M. KennedyKennedy
Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr., and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Kathleen "Kick", Eunice, Patricia, Robert "Bobby", Jean, and Edward "Ted".
He was the youngest brother of John F. Kennedy—the 35th President of the United States—and Senator Robert F. Kennedy, both victims of assassination, and the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Civil Rights Act1964 Civil Rights ActTitle VII
After Kennedy's death, Congress enacted many of his proposals, including the Civil Rights and the Revenue Acts of 1964.
The legislation had been proposed by U.S. President John F. Kennedy in June 1963, but opposed by filibuster in the Senate.

Rosemary Kennedy

RosemaryRose Marie "Rosemary" KennedyRose (Rosemary)
Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr., and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Kathleen "Kick", Eunice, Patricia, Robert "Bobby", Jean, and Edward "Ted".
Rose Marie "Rosemary" Kennedy (September 13, 1918 – January 7, 2005) was the oldest daughter born to Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, and was a sister of President of the United States John F. Kennedy, and Senators Robert F. Kennedy and Ted Kennedy.

Jean Kennedy Smith

JeanJean Ann KennedyJean Kennedy
Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr., and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Kathleen "Kick", Eunice, Patricia, Robert "Bobby", Jean, and Edward "Ted".
Her siblings include President John F. Kennedy, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, Senator Ted Kennedy, and Special Olympics founder Eunice Kennedy Shriver.

P. J. Kennedy

Patrick Joseph KennedyPatrick Joseph "P. J." KennedyPatrick Joseph "P.J." Kennedy
His paternal grandfather P. J. Kennedy was a member of the Massachusetts state legislature.
He was the father of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and the paternal grandfather of President John F. Kennedy.

Operation Northwoods

1962 Operation NorthwoodsNorthwoods
He subsequently rejected Operation Northwoods plans by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to orchestrate false flag attacks on American soil in order to gain public approval for a war against Cuba.
The proposals were rejected by John F. Kennedy.

Brookline, Massachusetts

BrooklineBrookline, MATown of Brookline
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at 83 Beals Street in suburban Brookline, Massachusetts, to businessman/politician Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy and philanthropist/socialite Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy. Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, the second child of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Kennedy.
Brookline was the birthplace and hometown of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States.

Lem Billings

Kirk LeMoyne "Lem" BillingsKirk LeMoyne Billings
The defiant Kennedy took the cue and named his group "The Muckers Club", which included roommate and lifelong friend Kirk LeMoyne "Lem" Billings.
Kirk LeMoyne "Lem" Billings (April 15, 1916 – May 28, 1981) was a close and long-time friend of President John F. Kennedy and the Kennedy family.