John F. Kennedy

KennedyPresident KennedyJohn KennedyPresident John F. KennedyJohn Fitzgerald KennedyJFKJohn F KennedyKennedy administrationJohnJack Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by the initials JFK and Jack, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.wikipedia
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1960 United States presidential election

19601960 presidential election1960 election
In the 1960 presidential election, he narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, who was the incumbent vice president.
In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee.

Profiles in Courage

his book of the same name
While in the Senate, Kennedy published his book Profiles in Courage, which won a Pulitzer Prize.
Profiles in Courage is a 1956 volume of short biographies describing acts of bravery and integrity by eight United States Senators, written by then-Senator John F. Kennedy, who won the Pulitzer Prize for the work.

Richard Nixon

Richard M. NixonNixonPresident Nixon
In the 1960 presidential election, he narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, who was the incumbent vice president.
He waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign in 1960, narrowly losing to John F. Kennedy, and he lost a race for governor of California to Pat Brown in 1962.

Peace Corps

United States Peace CorpsU.S. Peace CorpsUS Peace Corps
Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and the continuation of the Apollo space program, and supported the Civil Rights Movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.
The program was established by Executive Order 10924, issued by President John F. Kennedy on March 1961 and authorized by Congress on September 21, 1962 with passage of the Peace Corps Act (Pub.L. 87–293).

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

assassinationJohn F. Kennedy assassinationassassinated
John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by the initials JFK and Jack, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.

Apollo program

ApolloProject ApolloApollo space program
Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and the continuation of the Apollo space program, and supported the Civil Rights Movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.
First conceived during Dwight D. Eisenhower's administration as a three-person spacecraft to follow the one-person Project Mercury which put the first Americans in space, Apollo was later dedicated to the national goal set by President John F. Kennedy of "landing a man on the Moon by the end of this decade and returning him safely to the Earth" in an address to Congress on May 25, 1961.

New Frontier

Manpower Development and Training ActAccelerated Public Works ActJFK speech
Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and the continuation of the Apollo space program, and supported the Civil Rights Movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.
The term New Frontier was used by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy in his acceptance speech in the 1960 United States presidential election to the Democratic National Convention at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum as the Democratic slogan to inspire America to support him.

Massachusetts's 11th congressional district

11th district11thMA-11
After the war, Kennedy represented the 11th congressional district of Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953.
Its last Congressman was Brian Donnelly; its most notable were John Quincy Adams following his term as president, eventual president John F. Kennedy and Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon JohnsonJohnsonLyndon Baines Johnson
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the presidency upon Kennedy's death.
Although unsuccessful, he accepted the invitation of then-Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts to be his running mate.

Lee Harvey Oswald

OswaldLone gunman theoryofficial conclusion that Oswald acted alone
Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was shot to death by Jack Ruby two days later.
Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was an American Marxist and former U.S. Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.

John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories

conspiracy theoriesconspiracyconspiracy to assassinate John F. Kennedy
The FBI and the Warren Commission both concluded Oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups contested the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy.
President John F. Kennedy was assassinated by gunshot while traveling in a motorcade in an open-top limousine in Dallas, Texas at 12:30 pm CST on Friday, November 22, 1963; Texas Governor John Connally was wounded, but he survived.

Jack Ruby

Jack RubensteinRuby[Jack] Ruby
Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was shot to death by Jack Ruby two days later.
He fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald on November 24, 1963, while Oswald was in police custody after being charged with assassinating United States President John F. Kennedy and murdering Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit about an hour later.

Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Quarantinemissile crisisCuban crisis
In October 1962, U.S. spy planes discovered Soviet missile bases had been deployed in Cuba; the resulting period of tensions, termed the Cuban Missile Crisis, nearly resulted in the breakout of a global thermonuclear conflict.
After several days of tense negotiations, an agreement was reached between US President John F. Kennedy and Khrushchev.

Warren Commission

Warren ReportWarren Commission ReportThe President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy
The FBI and the Warren Commission both concluded Oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups contested the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy.
The U.S. Congress passed Senate Joint Resolution 137 authorizing the Presidential appointed Commission to report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, mandating the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence.

John F. Fitzgerald

John "Honey Fitz" FitzgeraldJohn F. "Honey Fitz" FitzgeraldJohn Fitzgerald
Kennedy's maternal grandfather and namesake, John F. Fitzgerald, served as a U.S. Congressman and was elected to two terms as Mayor of Boston.
John Francis "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald (February 11, 1863 – October 2, 1950) was an American politician, father of Rose Kennedy and maternal grandfather of President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, and Senator Ted Kennedy.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site

John F. Kennedy National Historic Site83 Beals Streetbirthplace of John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at 83 Beals Street in the Boston suburb of Brookline, Massachusetts, to Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., a businessman and politician, and Rose Kennedy (née Fitzgerald), a philanthropist and socialite.
The John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site is the birthplace and childhood home of John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States.

Ted Kennedy

Edward KennedyEdward M. KennedyTeddy Kennedy
Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr., and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Kathleen ("Kick"), Eunice, Patricia, Robert ("Bobby"), Jean, and Edward ("Ted").
Kennedy was a brother of President John F. Kennedy and U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy—both victims of assassination—and was the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Civil Rights ActTitle VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964Title VII
After Kennedy's death, Congress enacted many of his proposals, including the Civil Rights Act and the Revenue Act of 1964.
The legislation had been proposed by President John F. Kennedy in June 1963, but opposed by filibuster in the Senate.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

Eunice ShriverEunice KennedyEunice
Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr., and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Kathleen ("Kick"), Eunice, Patricia, Robert ("Bobby"), Jean, and Edward ("Ted").
Shriver was a sister of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senators Robert F. Kennedy and Ted Kennedy, and U.S. Ambassador to Ireland Jean Kennedy Smith.

Cuban Project

Operation MongooseMONGOOSEThe Cuban Project
Kennedy authorized the Cuban Project in November 1961.
On November 30, 1961, covert operations against Fidel Castro's government in Cuba were officially authorized by President Kennedy and after being given the name Operation Mongoose at a prior White House meeting on November 4, 1961.

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

Joseph P. KennedyJoseph P. Kennedy, Sr.Joseph Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at 83 Beals Street in the Boston suburb of Brookline, Massachusetts, to Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., a businessman and politician, and Rose Kennedy (née Fitzgerald), a philanthropist and socialite.
Three of the Kennedys' sons attained distinguished political positions: John F. Kennedy (1917–1963) served as a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts and as President of the United States, Robert F. Kennedy (1925–1968) served as Attorney General and as a U.S. Senator from New York, and Ted Kennedy (1932–2009) also served as a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts.

Brookline, Massachusetts

BrooklineBrookline, MABrookline, Mass.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at 83 Beals Street in the Boston suburb of Brookline, Massachusetts, to Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., a businessman and politician, and Rose Kennedy (née Fitzgerald), a philanthropist and socialite. Kennedy was born into a wealthy, political family in Brookline, Massachusetts.
Brookline was the birthplace and hometown of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States.

Rosemary Kennedy

RosemaryRose Marie "Rosemary" KennedyRose Marie Kennedy
Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr., and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Kathleen ("Kick"), Eunice, Patricia, Robert ("Bobby"), Jean, and Edward ("Ted").
She was a sister of President of the United States John F. Kennedy and Senators Robert F. Kennedy and Ted Kennedy.

Operation Northwoods

1962 Operation NorthwoodsNorthwoods
He rejected Operation Northwoods (plans for false flag attacks to gain approval for a war against Cuba) in March 1962, however his administration continued to plan for an invasion of Cuba in the summer of 1962.
The proposals were rejected by President John F. Kennedy.

Lem Billings

Kirk LeMoyne "Lem" BillingsKirk LeMoyne Billings
The defiant Kennedy took the cue and named his group "The Muckers Club", which included roommate and lifelong friend Kirk LeMoyne "Lem" Billings.
Kirk LeMoyne "Lem" Billings (April 15, 1916 – May 28, 1981) was a close and long-time friend of President John F. Kennedy and the Kennedy family.