John J. Crittenden

Crittenden as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
Crittenden's Supreme Court nomination
Daguerreotype of John J. Crittenden, c. 1846. By Mathew Brady.
Lazarus W. Powell was Crittenden's opponent in the 1848 gubernatorial election.
President Millard Fillmore appointed Crittenden to his second term as U.S. attorney general.
Elizabeth Moss, Crittenden's third wife
John J. Crittenden in his elder years

American statesman and politician from the U.S. state of Kentucky.

- John J. Crittenden

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Whig Party (United States)

Political party that espoused traditionalist conservatism in the United States during the middle of the 19th century.

John Quincy Adams, the 6th president, became a Whig congressman later in his career.
Henry Clay, a founder of the Whig Party in the 1830s and its 1844 presidential nominee
Daniel Webster, a leading Whig from New England
William Henry Harrison, a two-time presidential candidate who became the first Whig president in 1841 but died just one month into office
William Henry Harrison defeated Martin Van Buren in the 1840 presidential election, thereby becoming the first Whig president
President John Tyler clashed with congressional Whigs and was expelled from the party.
Zachary Taylor served in the Mexican-American War and later won the 1848 presidential election as the Whig nominee.
The United States settled the Texas-Mexico border and acquired portions of seven current states in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Portions of present-day Arizona and New Mexico were later acquired in the 1853 Gadsden Purchase.
A political cartoon satirizing the candidacy of either Zachary Taylor or Winfield Scott in the 1848 presidential election
Millard Fillmore, the last Whig president
Gen. Winfield Scott, the unsuccessful Whig candidate in the 1852 presidential election
Whig journalist Horace Greeley
John J. Crittenden, an influential Whig leader who later established the short-lived Constitutional Union Party to contest the election of 1860
U.S. presidential election results from 1828 to 1852. Darker shades of blue indicate states that generally voted for the Democratic Party, while darker shades of yellow/brown indicate states that generally voted for the Whig or National Republican Party.
Charles Sumner, an anti-slavery "Conscience Whig" who later joined the Republican Party
Edward Everett, a pro-South "Cotton Whig"
Abraham Lincoln, a former Whig congressman, won the 1860 presidential election on the Republican ticket.
John Marshall Harlan, who began his career as a Whig officeholder, served on the Supreme Court from 1877 to 1911.

Other influential party leaders that were members of the Whigs include Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, William Seward, John J. Crittenden, and John Quincy Adams.

Constitutional Union Party (United States)

United States third party active during the 1860 elections.

A Constitutional Union campaign poster for the 1860 election in which are shown John Bell (left), the presidential nominee; and Edward Everett, the vice presidential nominee
Results by county in the 1856 presidential election. Shades of yellow indicate counties that voted for American Party candidate Millard Fillmore. Many Fillmore supporters would later join the Constitutional Union Party.
Senator John J. Crittenden founded the party
Presidential nominee John Bell of Tennessee
Electoral votes in the 1860 presidential election
Bell's share of the vote by county in the 1860 presidential election.
During the American Civil War, some states from the Constitutional Union base in the Upper South seceded, but Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri all remained in the Union

The American Party entered a period of rapid decline following the 1856 elections, and in the lead-up to the 1860 elections John J. Crittenden and other former Whigs founded the Constitutional Union Party.

United States Senate

Upper chamber of the United States Congress, with the House of Representatives being the lower chamber.

Graph showing historical party control of the U.S. Senate, House and Presidency since 1855
Members of the United States Senate for the 117th Congress
A typical Senate desk
The Senate side of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Committee Room 226 in the Dirksen Senate Office Building is used for hearings by the Senate Judiciary Committee.
The Senate has the power to try impeachments; shown above is Theodore R. Davis's drawing of the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson, 1868
U.S. Senate chamber c. 1873: two or three spittoons are visible by desks

As a result, four senators who failed to meet the age requirement were nevertheless admitted to the Senate: Henry Clay (aged 29 in 1806), John Jordan Crittenden (aged 29 in 1817), Armistead Thomson Mason (aged 28 in 1816), and John Eaton (aged 28 in 1818).

Woodford County, Kentucky

County located in the U.S. state of Kentucky.

Buckley Wildlife Sanctuary, Woodford County, Kentucky
Barrels of bourbon outside the Woodford Reserve Distillery

John J. Crittenden, governor of Kentucky

Versailles, Kentucky

Home rule-class city in Woodford County, Kentucky, United States.

John J. Crittenden, Kentucky governor, U.S. Congressman, senator, attorney general

Russellville, Kentucky

Not to be confused with the similarly-named cities of Russell in Greenup Co and Russell Springs in Russell Co.

Four homes in the city still stand that were residences of future governors of Kentucky: John Breathitt, James Morehead, John J. Crittenden, and Charles S. Morehead.

Crittenden Compromise

Unsuccessful proposal to permanently enshrine slavery in the United States Constitution, and thereby make it unconstitutional for future congresses to end slavery.

Slave and free states & territories in 1858. The 1820 Missouri Compromise line of 36° 30′ N. separated Missouri from the Arkansas Territory, but barred slavery from any new states and territories north of this line and west of Missouri, as did the Crittenden Compromise proposed forty years later. (However, this part of the Compromise of 1820 had been largely negated by the Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 and the U.S. Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision in 1857.)
Matthew Brady's 1855 portrait of Sen. Crittenden

It was introduced by United States Senator John J. Crittenden (Constitutional Unionist of Kentucky) on December 18, 1860.

Governor of Kentucky

Head of government of Kentucky.

The governor's office
Happy Chandler created greater efficiency in state government under the Reorganization Act of 1936.
George Madison's death in 1813 occasioned the first instance of gubernatorial succession in Kentucky.
The Governor's Mansion is the official residence of the governor of Kentucky.
Isaac Shelby, the first and fifth governor of Kentucky

7 men have resigned the office of governor before the end of their terms—John J. Crittenden, Beriah Magoffin, John W. Stevenson, Augustus O. Stanley, Happy Chandler, Earle C. Clements, and Wendell H. Ford.

Thomas Leonidas Crittenden

Lawyer, politician, and Union general during the American Civil War.

Crittenden was born in Russellville, Kentucky, the son of U.S. Senator John J. Crittenden, who later became 17th governor of Kentucky.

Richard Mentor Johnson

American lawyer and politician who served as the ninth vice president of the United States, serving from 1837 to 1841 under President Martin Van Buren.

Portrait by John Neagle, c. 1843
The women of Bryan's Station draw water while the enemy looks on
Portrait of Richard Mentor Johnson attributed to Matthew Harris Jouett, c. 1818
Nathaniel Currier's lithograph (c. 1841) is one of many images that portrayed Johnson as Tecumseh's killer.
Portrait of a middle-aged Johnson by Rembrandt Peale
Johnson's gravesite at Frankfort Cemetery
Johnson (center right) killing Tecumseh, from the frieze of the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol

The state legislature appointed him to the Senate in 1819 to fill the seat vacated by John J. Crittenden.