John Jay

JayChief Justice John Jayfirst Chief Justice of the United StatesGovernor John JaygrandfatherJay, JohnJohnthe same name
John Jay (December 23, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795).wikipedia
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Founding Fathers of the United States

Founding FathersFounding FatherFounding Father of the United States
John Jay (December 23, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795).
Historian Richard B. Morris in 1973 identified the following seven figures as the key Founding Fathers: Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and George Washington.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Spain

Minister to SpainU.S. Minister to SpainAmbassador to Spain
From 1779 to 1782, Jay served as the ambassador to Spain; he persuaded Spain to provide financial aid to the fledgling United States.
John Jay

Dutch Americans

DutchDutch-AmericanDutch American
Jay was born into a wealthy family of merchants and New York City government officials of French and Dutch descent.
Two of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Egbert Benson and John Jay, were also of Dutch descent.

Jay Court

The Jay Court experienced a light workload, deciding just four cases over six years.
The Jay Court refers to the Supreme Court of the United States from 1789 to 1795, when John Jay served as the first Chief Justice of the United States.

List of Governors of New York

GovernorGovernor of New YorkNew York Governor
Jay served as the Governor of New York from 1795 to 1801.
Two governors have been Chief Justice of the United States: John Jay held that position when he was elected governor in 1795, and Charles Evans Hughes became chief justice in 1930, two decades after leaving the governorship.

Jay Treaty

Jay's Treatytreatyagreed
In 1794, while serving as Chief Justice, Jay negotiated the highly controversial Jay Treaty with Britain.
The Treaty was negotiated by John Jay and gained many of the primary American goals.

Treaty of Paris (1783)

Treaty of Paris1783 Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 1783
John Jay (December 23, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795).
Representing the United States were Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens, and John Adams.

Rye, New York

RyeCity of RyeRye, NY
Jay was born on December 23, 1745 (following the Gregorian calendar), in New York City; only three months later the family moved to Rye, New York, when Peter Jay retired from business following a smallpox epidemic that had blinded two of his children.
Located in the city are two National Historic Landmarks: the Boston Post Road Historic District was designated a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service in 1993; its centerpiece is the Jay Estate, the childhood home of John Jay, a Founding Father and the first Chief Justice of the United States.

New York (state)

New YorkNYNew York State
Jay served as the Governor of New York from 1795 to 1801.
The New York State Constitution was framed by a convention which assembled at White Plains on July 10, 1776, and after repeated adjournments and changes of location, terminated its labors at Kingston on Sunday evening, April 20, 1777, when the new constitution drafted by John Jay was adopted with but one dissenting vote.

Jay Estate

1838 Peter Augustus Jay HouseJay CemeteryJay Heritage Center
What remains of the original 400 acre property is a 23 acre parcel called the Jay Estate.
The site is the surviving remnant of the 400 acre farm where US Founding Father, John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829), grew up. It is also the place where he returned to celebrate the end of the Revolutionary War after he negotiated the 1783 Treaty of Paris with fellow peacemakers, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin.

Alexander Hamilton

HamiltonHamiltonianA. Hamilton
He was a co-author of The Federalist Papers along with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, and wrote five of the 85 essays.
Through his connections with influential New York patriots such as Alexander McDougall and John Jay, Hamilton raised the New York Provincial Company of Artillery of sixty men in 1776, and was elected captain.

New York Manumission Society

New-York Society for Promoting the Manumission of Slaves, and Protecting Such of Them as Have Been, or May be Liberated
Jay was the founder and president of the New York Manumission Society in 1785, which organized boycotts against newspapers and merchants involved in the slave trade, and provided legal counsel for free blacks claimed or kidnapped as slaves.
The New York Manumission Society was an American organization founded in 1785 by U.S. Founding Father John Jay, among others, to promote the gradual abolition of slavery and manumission of slaves of African descent within the state of New York.

John Jay Homestead State Historic Site

John Jay HomesteadJohn Jay State Historic Site
Today this 62 acre park is preserved as the John Jay Homestead State Historic Site.
John Jay Homestead State Historic Site is the home of statesman John Jay, first Chief Justice of the United States, located in Katonah, New York.

Abolitionism in the United States

abolitionistabolitionistsabolitionism
Long an opponent of slavery, he helped enact a law that provided for the gradual emancipation of slaves, and the institution of slavery was abolished in New York in Jay's lifetime.
The latter was headed by powerful politicians: John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, later Federalists, and Aaron Burr, later the Democratic-Republican vice-president of the United States.

The Federalist Papers

PubliusThe FederalistFederalist
He was a co-author of The Federalist Papers along with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, and wrote five of the 85 essays.
The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers) is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.

Jay Heritage Center

Jay Estate
Stewardship of the site and several of its buildings for educational use was entrusted in 1990 by the New York State Board of Regents to the Jay Heritage Center.
is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization incorporated in 1990 and chartered by the New York State Board of Regents to act as stewards of the Jay Estate, the National Historic Landmark home of American Founding Father John Jay.

First Continental Congress

FirstContinental Congress1st Continental Congress
He believed the British tax measures were wrong and thought Americans were morally and legally justified in resisting them, but as a delegate to the First Continental Congress in 1774, Jay sided with those who wanted conciliation with Parliament.
Conservatives such as Joseph Galloway, John Dickinson, John Jay, and Edward Rutledge believed their task to be forging policies to pressure Parliament to rescind its unreasonable acts.

New York Provincial Congress

New York Provincial AssemblyProvincial Congress2nd New York Provincial Congress
Jay was elected to the third New York Provincial Congress, where he drafted the Constitution of New York, 1777; his duties as a New York Congressman prevented him from voting on or signing the Declaration of Independence.
On May 30, the Committee formed a subcommittee to write a letter to the supervisors of the counties of New York to extort them to also form similar committees of correspondence, which letter was adopted on a meeting of the Committee on May 31. In response to the letters from Boston, on July 4, 1774 resolutions were approved to appoint five delegates, Isaac Low, John Alsop, James Duane, Philip Livingston, and John Jay, to the "Congress of Deputies from the Colonies" (the First Continental Congress), and request that the other counties also send delegates.

William Jay (jurist)

William JayWilliam
This property passed down to their younger son William Jay (jurist) and his descendants.
William Jay (16 June 1789 – 14 October 1858) was an American reformer, jurist, and the son of Founding Father and first U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Jay (1745–1829).

James Madison

MadisonPresident MadisonPresident James Madison
He was a co-author of The Federalist Papers along with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, and wrote five of the 85 essays.
Under the pseudonym Publius, Hamilton, Madison, and John Jay wrote 85 essays in the span of six months, with Madison writing 29 of the essays.

United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs

Secretary of Foreign AffairsForeign AffairsDepartment of Foreign Affairs
Following the end of the war, Jay served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, directing United States foreign policy under the Articles of Confederation government.
He served until June 4, 1783 when he was succeeded by John Jay, who served until March 4, 1789, when the government under the Articles of Confederation gave way to the government under the Constitution.

American Bible Society

American Bible Society's Bible HouseAmerican Bible Society’s
Jay, who served as vice-president (1816–21) and president (1821–27) of the American Bible Society, believed that the most effective way of ensuring world peace was through propagation of the Christian gospel.
John Jay, the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, was named president in 1821, and a number of illustrious individuals like Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, Johns Hopkins University President Daniel Coit Gilman and Edwin Francis Hyde, a former president of the Philharmonic Society of New York, headed up the organization over the years.

New York Constitution

State ConstitutionConstitutionNew York State Constitution
Jay was elected to the third New York Provincial Congress, where he drafted the Constitution of New York, 1777; his duties as a New York Congressman prevented him from voting on or signing the Declaration of Independence.
It was drafted by John Jay, Robert R. Livingston, (new Chancellor of the State of New York), and Gouverneur Morris, noted financier for the Revolutionary Colonial war effort.

Patriot (American Revolution)

PatriotPatriotsWhig
John Jay (December 23, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795).
John Jay

Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation and Perpetual UnionArticles of Confederation and Perpetual Union.Confederation
Following the end of the war, Jay served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, directing United States foreign policy under the Articles of Confederation government.
In 1779, George Washington wrote to John Jay, who was serving as the president of the Continental Congress, "that a wagon load of money will scarcely purchase a wagon load of provisions."