John Louis Lay

John Lay
John Louis Lay (January 14, 1833 - April 17, 1899) was an American inventor, and a pioneer of the torpedo.wikipedia
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Torpedo

torpedoeshoming torpedotorpedoed
John Louis Lay (January 14, 1833 - April 17, 1899) was an American inventor, and a pioneer of the torpedo.
Prototypes were built by John Ericsson, John Louis Lay, and Victor von Scheliha, but the first practical guided missile was patented by Louis Brennan, an emigre to Australia, in 1877.

Spar torpedo

spar torpedoessparspars
He designed the spar torpedo which was used by Lieutenant William B. Cushing to destroy the Confederate ironclad ram at Plymouth, North Carolina, on October 27, 1864.
Lieutenant Cushing employed a spar torpedo designed by John Lay.

Americans

AmericanAmericaUnited States
John Louis Lay (January 14, 1833 - April 17, 1899) was an American inventor, and a pioneer of the torpedo.

Buffalo, New York

BuffaloBuffalo, NYBuffalo, United States
Lay was born in Buffalo, New York.

Union Navy

NavyUnionUnited States Navy
He was appointed 2nd assistant engineer in the Union Navy in July 8, 1862, and was promoted to 1st assistant engineer on October 15, 1863.

William B. Cushing

William Barker CushingCommander William B. CushingCushing
He designed the spar torpedo which was used by Lieutenant William B. Cushing to destroy the Confederate ironclad ram at Plymouth, North Carolina, on October 27, 1864.

Richmond, Virginia

RichmondRichmond, VARichmond City
After the fall of Richmond in 1865, Lay was sent in advance of Admiral David D. Porter's fleet to remove obstructions from the James River.

David Dixon Porter

David D. PorterDavid PorterAdmiral Porter
After the fall of Richmond in 1865, Lay was sent in advance of Admiral David D. Porter's fleet to remove obstructions from the James River.

James River

JamesJames River, VirginiaJames River Group
After the fall of Richmond in 1865, Lay was sent in advance of Admiral David D. Porter's fleet to remove obstructions from the James River.

Callao

Callao, PeruEl CallaoConstitutional Province of Callao
Lay resigned from the navy on May 22, 1865, and was then was employed by the Peruvians to fortify the harbor of Callao with fixed mines and suspended torpedoes, in order to prevent the Spanish fleet from entering.

Peter Brotherhood

Peter Brotherhood LimitedBrotherhoodKittoe and Brotherhood
This used a 3-cylinder Brotherhood engine fuelled by carbon dioxide.

Naval Undersea Warfare Center

Naval Torpedo StationUnderwater Sound LaboratoryNaval Underwater Sound Laboratory
The Lay torpedo was one of several designs tested at the Naval Torpedo Station at Newport, Rhode Island.

War of the Pacific

Pacific WarSaltpeter Warconquered land from Peru and Bolivia
Lay torpedoes were also acquired by Peru for use in the War of the Pacific, but proved unsuccessful.

Antofagasta

Antofagasta, ChileAntofagastian
On 28 August 1879 at Antofagasta the ironclad Huáscar, while engaging shore batteries and the ships, Magellan and Limarí launched a Lay torpedo only to have it reverse course.

Huáscar (ironclad)

HuáscarHuascarHuáscar (ship)
On 28 August 1879 at Antofagasta the ironclad Huáscar, while engaging shore batteries and the ships, Magellan and Limarí launched a Lay torpedo only to have it reverse course.

Bellevue Hospital

Bellevue Hospital CenterBellevueBellevue Medical College
He died at Bellevue Hospital, New York City, in April 1899.

Brennan torpedo

Brennan Torpedo Factorytorpedo
The Brennan torpedo is often claimed as the world's first guided missile, but guided torpedoes invented by John Ericsson, John Louis Lay, and Victor von Scheliha all predate it; however, Brennan's torpedo was much simpler in its concept and worked over an acceptable range at a satisfactory speed so it might be more accurate to call it "the world's first practical guided missile".

Teleoperation

remote controlledteleoperatedremote operation
The 19th century saw many inventors working on remotely operated weapons (torpedos) including prototypes built by John Louis Lay (1872), John Ericsson (1873), Victor von Scheliha (1873), and the first practical wire guided torpedo, the Brennan torpedo, patented by Louis Brennan in 1877.

Robot

robotsbotbots
The early 1870s saw remotely controlled torpedoes by John Ericsson (pneumatic), John Louis Lay (electric wire guided), and Victor von Scheliha (electric wire guided).

The Greenberry Woods

Greenberry WoodsHuseman, MattMatt Huseman
They hired manager John Lay, whose previous clients included Squeeze and Robyn Hitchcock.