John M. Palmer (politician)

John McAuley Palmer
Palmer made a deal to make Russell his running mate in the event he received the Democratic presidential nomination.
The National "Gold" Democratic Convention

Illinois resident, an American Civil War general who fought for the Union, the 15th governor of Illinois, and presidential candidate of the National Democratic Party in the 1896 election on a platform to defend the gold standard, free trade, and limited government.

- John M. Palmer (politician)

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1896 United States presidential election

The 28th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1896.

McKinley/Hobart campaign poster
Bryan's famous "cross of gold" speech gave him the presidential nomination and swung the party to the silver cause
The National "Gold" Democratic Convention
Palmer/Buckner campaign button
Conservatives said that Bryan (the Populist snake) was taking over (swallowing) the Democratic Party (the mule). Cartoon from "Judge" magazine, 1896.
Bryan's imposing voice and height made a deep impression on many who thronged to hear him.
Bryan traveled 18,000 miles in 3 months, concentrating on the critical states of the Midwest.
The National "Gold" Democratic Party undercut Bryan by dividing the Democratic vote and denouncing his platform.
Map of presidential election results by county
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of "other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county

In opposition to Bryan, some conservative Bourbon Democrats formed the National Democratic Party and nominated Senator John M. Palmer.

National Democratic Party (United States)

Short-lived political party of Bourbon Democrats who opposed the regular party nominee William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 presidential election.

John M. Palmer/Simon B. Buckner campaign button (1896)

They nominated the Democratic politicians John M. Palmer, a former Republican governor of Illinois and Union general; and Simon Bolivar Buckner, a former governor of Kentucky and Confederate general, for president and vice president, respectively.

XIV Corps (Union Army)

Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Union Army 1st Division Badge, XIV Corps

Following Chickamauga, Thomas was given command of the Army of the Cumberland and John M. Palmer led the corps at the Battle of Missionary Ridge and during the most of the Atlanta Campaign.

Atlanta campaign

Series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864.

Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and his staff in the trenches outside of Atlanta
ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, Union advance: Chattanooga to Etowah (May 7–19, 1864).
ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, Union advance: Etowah River to Jonesboro (May 23 – September 2, 1864).
ATLANTA CAMPAIGN: Atlanta and Vicinity (Summer 1864).
The Siege of Atlanta by Thure de Thulstrup (c. 1888)
Palisades and chevaux-de-frise in front of the Ponder House, Atlanta, Georgia, 1864
Ruins of Rolling Mill and railroad cars destroyed by rebels on evacuation of Atlanta, Ga.
Roundhouse in Atlanta, following extensive damage from the Atlanta Campaign. Digitally restored albumen print, 1866.
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Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's Army of the Cumberland, including the corps of Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard (IV Corps), Maj. Gen. John M. Palmer (XIV Corps), Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker (XX Corps), and Brig. Gen. Washington L. Elliott (Cavalry Corps). After Howard took army command, David S. Stanley took over IV Corps.

John Schofield

American soldier who held major commands during the American Civil War.

John Schofield during the Civil War
Official U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff portrait, by Stephen W. Shaw, 1874
Georgia Wells Kilbourne, the second Mrs Schofield
Emma Kilbourne

Schofield became embroiled in another controversy with the commander of the US XIV Corps (Volunteer), Major General John Palmer, who resigned rather than serve under Schofield, whom he considered to be of lower rank, but whom Gen. Sherman backed, at Utoy Creek (becoming the only resignation during a major operation in U.S. history, although Palmer was ultimately reassigned to Kentucky and helped maintain federal control over that border state).

Battle of Stones River

Battle fought from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863, in Middle Tennessee, as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

The  Battle of Stone River  by Kurz & Allison
Kentucky-Tennessee, 1862
Western Theater: movements October–December 1862 (Stones River Campaign)
Limestone outcroppings in a cedar forest at Stones River National Battlefield, 2005
Movements and positions the night of December 30 to 31
December 31, 8:00 a.m.
Troops of Beatty's brigade, Van Cleve's division march to reinforce the Union right
December 31, 9:45 a.m.
December 31, 11:00 a.m.
December 31, 4:00 p.m.
January 2, 4:00 p.m.
January 2, 4:45 p.m.
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Thomas J. Wood, John M. Palmer, and Horatio P. Van Cleve) took a route that was parallel to the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, passing through La Vergne and south of Smyrna.

Bourbon Democrat

Term used in the United States in the later 19th century to refer to members of the Democratic Party who were ideologically aligned with conservatism or classical liberalism, especially those who supported presidential candidates Charles O'Conor in 1872, Samuel J. Tilden in 1876, President Grover Cleveland in 1884, 1888, and 1892 and Alton B. Parker in 1904.

1884 cartoon illustrating the decline of the "Democrat Bourbonism" (represented as an empty jug) by Joseph Keppler
President Grover Cleveland (1837–1908), a conservative who denounced political corruption and fought hard for lower tariffs and the gold standard, was the exemplar of a Bourbon Democrat

Some of the Bourbons sat out the 1896 election or tacitly supported William McKinley, the Republican nominee whereas others set up the third-party ticket of the National Democratic Party led by John M. Palmer, a former Governor of Illinois.

Scott County, Kentucky

County located in the central part of the U.S. state of Kentucky.

A highway sign designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia along a secondary road

John M. Palmer - Civil War general, Governor of Illinois 1869–1873, National Democratic Party presidential candidate 1896.

Liberal Republican Party (United States)

American political party that was organized in May 1872 to oppose the reelection of President Ulysses S. Grant and his Radical Republican supporters in the presidential election of 1872.

Liberal Republican campaign poster
Interior of the convention hall during the announcement of Horace Greeley as the party's nominee for president in 1872
Thomas Nast's caricature of the Cincinnati Convention from Harper's Weekly, April 13, 1872
Liberal Republican "conspirators" in a political cartoon from Harper's Weekly of March 16, 1872

John McAuley Palmer, Governor of Illinois from 1869 to 1873.

Simon Bolivar Buckner

American soldier, Confederate combatant, and politician.

Buckner c. 1860–70
Governor Simon Bolivar Buckner
Glen Lily, the house where Buckner was born and died

He was the National Democratic Party’s candidate for vice President of the United States in the 1896 election, but polled just over one percent of the vote on a ticket with his running mate, ex-Union general John M. Palmer.