A report on John Marshall

Portrait by Henry Inman, 1832
Marshall's birthplace monument in Germantown, Virginia
Coat of arms of Marshall
The Hollow House
John Marshall's House in Richmond, Virginia
Marshall's Chief Justice nomination
Steel engraving of John Marshall by Alonzo Chappel
The text of the McCulloch v. Maryland decision, handed down March 6, 1819, as recorded in the minutes of the US Supreme Court
Marshall's grave
John Marshall and George Wythe
Oak Hill
Chief Justice John Marshall by William Wetmore Story, at John Marshall Park in Washington, D.C.
Marshall was the subject of a 2005 commemorative silver dollar.
Marshall on the 1890 $20 Treasury Note, one of 53 people depicted on United States banknotes
John Marshall on a Postal Issue of 1894

American politician and lawyer who served as the fourth Chief Justice of the United States from 1801 until his death in 1835.

- John Marshall
Portrait by Henry Inman, 1832

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College of William & Mary

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Public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia.

Public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia.

James Blair, founder of William & Mary
Territorial annexations made by W&M alumni
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College Building, 1859–1862
The college, c. 1902
Earl Gregg Swem Library on New Campus.
The renovated Matoaka Amphitheater scenically located on the shore of Lake Matoaka.
Former president W. Taylor Reveley III
Former U.S. Secretary of State and Fourth Chief Justice of the U.S., John Marshall (Under the tutelage of George Wythe, attended 1780)
Crim Dell bridge in the heart of W&M's wooded campus
The Western Union Building at Sorority Court, the College of William & Mary, site of the college's Army ROTC offices.
Author of the Declaration of Independence and 3rd U.S. President, Thomas Jefferson (Class of 1762)
5th U.S. President, James Monroe (Class of 1776)
10th U.S. President, John Tyler (Class of 1807)
9th U.S. Secretary of State, statesman, abolitionist, and Founder of the Whig Party, Henry Clay (Class of 1797)
22nd United States Secretary of Defense and 24th Chancellor of William & Mary, Robert Gates (Class of 1965)
Former Chief Scientist of NASA, Ellen Stofan (Class of 1983)
Executive Producer and Game Director of Bethesda Softworks, Todd Howard (Class of 1993)
American singer-songwriter and documentarian, Thao Nguyen (Class of 2006)

It also educated other key figures pivotal to the development of the United States, including the first President of the Continental Congress Peyton Randolph, the first U.S. Attorney General Edmund Randolph, the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Winfield Scott, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence.

Commerce Clause

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Enumerated power listed in the United States Constitution .

Enumerated power listed in the United States Constitution .

Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) that the power to regulate interstate commerce also included the power to regulate interstate navigation: "Commerce, undoubtedly is traffic, but it is something more—it is intercourse.... [A] power to regulate navigation is as expressly granted, as if that term had been added to the word 'commerce'.... [T]he power of Congress does not stop at the jurisdictional lines of the several states. It would be a very useless power if it could not pass those lines."

Washington in 1828. Currently in the National Portrait Gallery

Bushrod Washington

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Attorney and politician who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1798 to 1829.

Attorney and politician who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1798 to 1829.

Washington in 1828. Currently in the National Portrait Gallery
Coat of arms of the Washington family
Washington family tomb at Mount Vernon in 2014. Bushrod Washington's remains are interred in a vault at the rear of the tomb. His memorial is the obelisk at the right side of the photograph.

On the Supreme Court, he was a staunch ally of Chief Justice John Marshall.

Hester Morris Marshall (right) and her sister Maria Morris, portrait by Gilbert Stuart

James Markham Marshall

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American lawyer, Revolutionary War soldier and planter who briefly served as United States Circuit Judge of the United States Circuit Court of the District of Columbia.

American lawyer, Revolutionary War soldier and planter who briefly served as United States Circuit Judge of the United States Circuit Court of the District of Columbia.

Hester Morris Marshall (right) and her sister Maria Morris, portrait by Gilbert Stuart

Marshall was among the sixteen children of land surveyor and Revolutionary War Colonel, Thomas Marshall; his eldest brother John Marshall also serving in the military before becoming a lawyer, planter and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Portrait by John Vanderlyn, 1802

Aaron Burr

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American politician and lawyer who served as the third vice president of the United States from 1801 to 1805.

American politician and lawyer who served as the third vice president of the United States from 1801 to 1805.

Portrait by John Vanderlyn, 1802
Burr's maternal grandfather Jonathan Edwards
The Death of General Montgomery in the Attack on Quebec, December 31, 1775, oil on canvas by John Trumbull, 1786
Aaron Burr and Theodosia Bartow Prevost, portrait by Henry Benbridge
Burr c. 1793
Burr, Hamilton, and Philip Schuyler strolling on Wall Street
Bust of Aaron Burr as Vice President
Early twentieth-century illustration of Burr (right) dueling with Hamilton
The site of Burr's capture in Alabama
St. James Hotel, Burr's final home and place of death, in a late 19th-century photograph (Staten Island Historical Society)
Burr's death mask
Burr's burial site
Aaron Burr and his daughter Theodosia
Nathalie de Lage de Volude
Portrait by John Vanderlyn, 1802

The trial, presided over by Chief Justice of the United States John Marshall, began on August 3.

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney

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American Founding Father, statesman of South Carolina, Revolutionary War veteran, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention where he signed the United States Constitution.

American Founding Father, statesman of South Carolina, Revolutionary War veteran, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention where he signed the United States Constitution.

Sarah Middleton Pinckney, portrait by Henry Benbridge
A portrait from about 1773 by Henry Benbridge
Major General Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (NYPL NYPG94-F43-419838)
1791 miniature portrait by John Trumbull
Coat of Arms of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney

After Pinckney reported this to the recently inaugurated President John Adams in 1797, a commission composed of Pinckney, John Marshall, and Elbridge Gerry was established to treat with the French.

Patrick Henry

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American attorney, planter, politician and orator known for declaring to the Second Virginia Convention (1775): "Give me liberty, or give me death!" A Founding Father, he served as the first and sixth post-colonial Governor of Virginia, from 1776 to 1779 and from 1784 to 1786.

American attorney, planter, politician and orator known for declaring to the Second Virginia Convention (1775): "Give me liberty, or give me death!" A Founding Father, he served as the first and sixth post-colonial Governor of Virginia, from 1776 to 1779 and from 1784 to 1786.

View of Rural Plains near Totopotomoy Creek in Virginia. Henry was reportedly married to Sarah Shelton in the parlor.
Patrick Henry Arguing the Parson's Cause by George Cooke
Patrick Henry's "Treason" speech before the House of Burgesses in an 1851 painting by Peter F. Rothermel
19th century engraving of Washington (center), Henry (right) and Pendleton riding to Philadelphia for the First Continental Congress
Currier & Ives depiction of Henry giving his famous speech
Royal proclamation against Henry, 1775
Boulder and plaque marking former location of Leatherwood Plantation in Henry County, Virginia
Graves of Patrick Henry and his wife Dorothea in the family burying ground at Red Hill. Patrick's is on the right; the inscription reads, "His fame his best epitaph".
Red Hill Plantation, Charlotte County, Virginia, circa 1907
Patrick Henry $1 stamp, Liberty issue, 1955
1961 issue honoring Henry in the American Credo series

Henry was part of the defense team in Jones v. Walker before the federal court in 1791; his co-counsel included John Marshall, who prepared the written pleadings while Henry did much of the courtroom advocacy.

Humphrey Marshall (politician)

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Politician from the U.S. states of Virginia and Kentucky.

Politician from the U.S. states of Virginia and Kentucky.

James Wilkinson, accused by Marshall of conspiring with Spain
John Breckinridge, Marshall's opponent for the U.S. Senate
Henry Clay fought a duel with Marshall on January 19, 1809.
Harry Innes and Marshall engaged in a long legal battle over Innes' alleged role in the Spanish Conspiracy.

He was a member of the Marshall political family which included his cousins Chief Justice of the United States John Marshall, federal judge James Markham Marshall, and noted educator Louis Marshall.

William Blackstone

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English jurist, judge and Tory politician of the eighteenth century.

English jurist, judge and Tory politician of the eighteenth century.

The Old Quad of Pembroke College, Oxford, where Blackstone studied
An Analysis of the Laws of England, Blackstone's first legal treatise, published during this period
King George III, a patron of Blackstone
The title page of the first edition of Blackstone's The Great Charter and Charter of the Forest (1759) The signature of William Henry Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton (1782–1837), an English Whig politician, appears at the top of the page in this copy of the book.
Blackstone in 1774, after his appointment as a Justice of the Court of King's Bench
A statue of Sir William Blackstone by Paul Wayland Bartlett in front of the E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse in Washington, D.C.

In the United States, the Commentaries influenced Alexander Hamilton, John Marshall, James Wilson, John Jay, John Adams, James Kent and Abraham Lincoln, and remain frequently cited in Supreme Court decisions.

Chief Justice of the United States

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Chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and the highest-ranking officer of the U.S. federal judiciary.

Chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and the highest-ranking officer of the U.S. federal judiciary.

Additionally, in December 1800, former Chief Justice John Jay was nominated and confirmed to the position a second time but ultimately declined it, opening the way for the appointment of John Marshall.