John Mystacon

John, surnamed Mystacon, "the mustachioed", (Ἰωάννης ὀ Μυστάκων, fl. 580–590), was a prominent East Roman (Byzantine) general in the wars with Sassanid Persia during the reigns of Byzantine emperors Tiberius II (r. 578–582) and Maurice (r. 582–602).wikipedia
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Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
John, surnamed Mystacon, "the mustachioed", (Ἰωάννης ὀ Μυστάκων, fl. 580–590), was a prominent East Roman (Byzantine) general in the wars with Sassanid Persia during the reigns of Byzantine emperors Tiberius II (r.
Under the command of Khosrau and the Byzantine generals Narses and John Mystacon, the new combined Byzantine-Persian army raised a rebellion against Bahram, defeating him at the Battle of Blarathon in 591.

Byzantine–Sasanian War of 572–591

Byzantine–Sassanid WarByzantine–Sassanid War of 572–591ongoing war
John, surnamed Mystacon, "the mustachioed", (Ἰωάννης ὀ Μυστάκων, fl. 580–590), was a prominent East Roman (Byzantine) general in the wars with Sassanid Persia during the reigns of Byzantine emperors Tiberius II (r.
574–582). The advantage gained at Constantina was lost later in the year when his successor as magister militum of the East, John Mystacon, was defeated on the river Nymphios by Kardarigan.

Maurice (emperor)

MauriceEmperor MauriceMaurikios
578–582) and Maurice (r.
Shortly after his ascension the advantage he had gained at the Battle of Constantina was lost when his successor as magister militum of the east, John Mystacon, was defeated at the River Nymphios by Kardarigan.

Philippicus (general)

PhilippicusPhilippikos
After another defeat during an unsuccessful siege of the fort Acbas, he was replaced (in late 583) by Philippicus.
At about the same time, he was appointed comes excubitorum (Commander of the Excubitors, the imperial bodyguard), and in 584, he replaced John Mystacon as magister militum for the East, thus becoming responsible for the conduct of the ongoing war against the Sassanid Persians.

Magister militum

magister peditummagister militum per Orientemmagistri militum
If not already holding the post of magister militum per Armeniam at that time, he had been elevated to it by 582, when he was named magister militum per Orientem by the newly crowned Maurice.

Kardarigan (6th century)

Kardariganwho was active during the 580s
Soon after this, possibly in autumn 582, he fought a major pitched battle with the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan near the junction of the rivers Nymphius (modern Batman) and Tigris.
Kardarigan first appears as commander of the Persian forces in northern Mesopotamia in late 582, when he opposed a Byzantine invasion of Arzanene under John Mystacon and defeated him at a battle at the river Nymphius.

Cours (Byzantine general)

Cours
A native Thracian, John first appears in history as a general in Roman Armenia in 579, along with Cours.
In the next year, Cours and John Mystacon together led Byzantine forces in Armenia, winning a victory over the Persians that resulted in the capture of the Persian commander himself and his son, as well as much booty.

Battle of Blarathon

BlarathonBlarathon, Battle ofvictorious conclusion
At the head of his Armenian troops, he fought in the decisive Battle of Blarathon, which signalled the final defeat of the usurper Bahram.
The combined army was led by John Mystacon, Narses, and the Persian king Khosrau II.

Heraclius the Elder

Heraclius
By 589, he was back in command in Armenia as magister militum, a post he held until a few years after the 591 peace with Persia, when relieved by Heraclius the Elder.
Heraclius the Elder is mentioned again circa 595 as magister militum per Armeniam, probably succeeding John Mystacon.

Hormizd IV

Hormizd
In 589, he laid siege to the Armenian capital Dvin, but raised it when he heard of the rebellion of general Bahram Chobin against the Persian shah, Hormizd IV (r.
The Byzantines were successful at their endeavors, securing a noteworthy victory under the commanders Cours and John Mystacon, albeit also suffering a defeat at the hands of the Sasanians.

Khosrow II

Khosrau IIChosroes IIKhosrow Parviz
In 591, he took part in the joint Roman–Persian campaign under Narses to restore Khosrau II (r.
In 591, Khosrow moved to Constantia and prepared to invade Bahram's territories in Mesopotamia, while Vistahm and Vinduyih were raising an army in Adurbadagan under the observation of the Byzantine commander John Mystacon, who was also raising an army in Armenia.

Bahram Chobin

Bahrām ChobinBahrām ChōbinBahram VI
In 589, he laid siege to the Armenian capital Dvin, but raised it when he heard of the rebellion of general Bahram Chobin against the Persian shah, Hormizd IV (r.
In 591, Khosrow moved to Constantia and prepared to invade Bahram's territories in Mesopotamia, while Vistahm and Vinduyih were raising an army in Adurbadagan under the observation of the Byzantine commander John Mystacon, who was also raising an army in Armenia.

Floruit

fl.flflourished
John, surnamed Mystacon, "the mustachioed", (Ἰωάννης ὀ Μυστάκων, fl. 580–590), was a prominent East Roman (Byzantine) general in the wars with Sassanid Persia during the reigns of Byzantine emperors Tiberius II (r.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
John, surnamed Mystacon, "the mustachioed", (Ἰωάννης ὀ Μυστάκων, fl. 580–590), was a prominent East Roman (Byzantine) general in the wars with Sassanid Persia during the reigns of Byzantine emperors Tiberius II (r.

List of Byzantine emperors

Byzantine EmperorEmperorByzantine emperors
John, surnamed Mystacon, "the mustachioed", (Ἰωάννης ὀ Μυστάκων, fl. 580–590), was a prominent East Roman (Byzantine) general in the wars with Sassanid Persia during the reigns of Byzantine emperors Tiberius II (r.

Tiberius II Constantine

Tiberius IITiberiusTiberius Constantine
John, surnamed Mystacon, "the mustachioed", (Ἰωάννης ὀ Μυστάκων, fl. 580–590), was a prominent East Roman (Byzantine) general in the wars with Sassanid Persia during the reigns of Byzantine emperors Tiberius II (r.

Thrace

ThracianThraciansTrakya
A native Thracian, John first appears in history as a general in Roman Armenia in 579, along with Cours.

Roman Armenia

ArmeniaArmenia PrimaArmeniam
If not already holding the post of magister militum per Armeniam at that time, he had been elevated to it by 582, when he was named magister militum per Orientem by the newly crowned Maurice. A native Thracian, John first appears in history as a general in Roman Armenia in 579, along with Cours.

Diocese of the East

comes OrientisOrientemOriens
If not already holding the post of magister militum per Armeniam at that time, he had been elevated to it by 582, when he was named magister militum per Orientem by the newly crowned Maurice.

Batman River

BatmanNymphius
Soon after this, possibly in autumn 582, he fought a major pitched battle with the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan near the junction of the rivers Nymphius (modern Batman) and Tigris.

Tigris

Tigris RiverRiver TigrisDijla
Soon after this, possibly in autumn 582, he fought a major pitched battle with the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan near the junction of the rivers Nymphius (modern Batman) and Tigris.

Jealousy

jealousjealousiesJealousy definitions
Initially the battle went well, the center and left pushing the Persians back, but Cours did not follow up, allegedly due to his jealousy of John, causing the East Roman army to retreat in defeat.

Pannonian Avars

AvarsAvarAvar Khaganate
In 587, he was briefly entrusted with command in Thrace against the Avars after their defeat and capture of the local commander Castus.

Edirne

AdrianopleOdrinAdrianopolis
John successfully relieved the Avar siege of Adrianople after defeating them in battle, but refused to pursue them out of caution.

Patrician (ancient Rome)

patricianpatrikiospatricians
At about the same time, he was raised to the rank of patricius.