John Osborne Varian

John VarianJohn
John Osborne Varian (1863 – January 9, 1931) was an Irish-American poet and amateur musician who was one of the early members of the Temple of the People and a leader within the theosophist utopian community of Halcyon, California.wikipedia
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Russell and Sigurd Varian

Russell VarianRussell H. VarianSigurd Varian
Two of his sons, Russell and Sigurd Varian, became notable inventors and went on to found Varian Associates, one of the first companies in Silicon Valley.
The Varian brothers' parents, John and Agnes Varian, were born and raised in Ireland, and were members of the Theosophical Society in Dublin.

Halcyon, California

HalcyonTemple of the PeopleThe Temple of the People
John Osborne Varian (1863 – January 9, 1931) was an Irish-American poet and amateur musician who was one of the early members of the Temple of the People and a leader within the theosophist utopian community of Halcyon, California.
Notable people involved with Halcyon and the Temple include composer and pianist Henry Cowell (see also The Tides of Manaunaun), Irish poet and fiction writer Ella Young, and mystic poet and writer John Varian (1863–1931).

Henry Cowell

Cowell, HenryCowellHenry Dixon Cowell
Varian's strong interest in Irish mythology helped fuel the interest of the young composer Henry Cowell in Irish folk culture and mythology.
Cowell soon returned to California, where he had become involved with a theosophical community, Halcyon, led by the Irish poet John Varian, who fueled Cowell's interest in Irish folk culture and mythology.

The Tides of Manaunaun

In 1917, Cowell wrote the music for Varian's stage production of his Irish mythical poetry cycle, The Building of Banba. The prelude Cowell composed, The Tides of Manaunaun, would become Cowell's most famous and widely performed work.
The Building of Banba, for which The Tides of Manaunaun was composed, was based on Irish mythological poems by the theosophist John Osborne Varian.

Ansel Adams

Charles Hitchcock AdamsAnsel Easton AdamsAdams
Cowell in turn was a childhood music tutor of Ansel Adams, and the Varian family also became friends with Adams, who became particularly close to Russell and Sigurd through their mutual activity in the Sierra Club.
The title was taken from the poem "Sand Dunes", by John Varian, Russell's father, and the fifteen photographs were accompanied by the writings of both John and Russell Varian.

Sheila Varian

Varian ArabiansRonteza
Russell and Sigurd became the co-founders of Varian Associates, an early Silicon Valley firm noted for production of the klystron tube, while Eric remained in the Halcyon area and had a career in the central California coast as an electrical contractor, and assisted the work of his daughter, Sheila Varian, who became a noted horse breeder.

Ella Young

Young, Ella
Another close associate of Varian and his family was fellow Irish immigrant and theosophist Ella Young, who lived in Halcyon in a cabin behind the Varian's home in 1928 while she was finishing her book, The Tangle-Coated Horse and Other Tales, and working on her poetry.
While living in a cabin behind John Varian's house there, Young finished writing The Tangle-Coated Horse and Other Tales, a 1930 Newbery Honor Book.

Theosophy

theosophisttheosophicalTheosophists
John Osborne Varian (1863 – January 9, 1931) was an Irish-American poet and amateur musician who was one of the early members of the Temple of the People and a leader within the theosophist utopian community of Halcyon, California.

Varian Associates

VarianDorothy VarianRussell and Sigurd Varian
Two of his sons, Russell and Sigurd Varian, became notable inventors and went on to found Varian Associates, one of the first companies in Silicon Valley. Russell and Sigurd became the co-founders of Varian Associates, an early Silicon Valley firm noted for production of the klystron tube, while Eric remained in the Halcyon area and had a career in the central California coast as an electrical contractor, and assisted the work of his daughter, Sheila Varian, who became a noted horse breeder.

Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley, CaliforniaSan JoseSan Francisco Bay Area technology industry
Two of his sons, Russell and Sigurd Varian, became notable inventors and went on to found Varian Associates, one of the first companies in Silicon Valley. Russell and Sigurd became the co-founders of Varian Associates, an early Silicon Valley firm noted for production of the klystron tube, while Eric remained in the Halcyon area and had a career in the central California coast as an electrical contractor, and assisted the work of his daughter, Sheila Varian, who became a noted horse breeder.

Theosophical Society

TheosophicalThe Theosophical SocietyTheosophy
Born in Ireland, John Varian and his wife, Agnes became members of the Theosophical Society in Dublin where the movement attracted literary figures such as W. B. Yeats, James Cousins, and others.

W. B. Yeats

William Butler YeatsW.B. YeatsYeats
Born in Ireland, John Varian and his wife, Agnes became members of the Theosophical Society in Dublin where the movement attracted literary figures such as W. B. Yeats, James Cousins, and others.

James Cousins

James H. CousinsSeumas O'CuisinDr. James Henry Cousins
Born in Ireland, John Varian and his wife, Agnes became members of the Theosophical Society in Dublin where the movement attracted literary figures such as W. B. Yeats, James Cousins, and others.

Utopia

utopianutopianismutopian community
Halcyon was a utopian community that included a sanatorium for the treatment of liquor, morphine, and opium addiction.

Sanatorium

sanitariumsanitoriumsanatoria
Halcyon was a utopian community that included a sanatorium for the treatment of liquor, morphine, and opium addiction.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
The community had elements of socialism and some communal property.

George William Russell

George RussellÆAE
Russell was named in honor of the poet "Æ", George Russell, whom John had befriended in Ireland.

Klystron

reflex klystronKlystron tubeklystrons
Russell and Sigurd became the co-founders of Varian Associates, an early Silicon Valley firm noted for production of the klystron tube, while Eric remained in the Halcyon area and had a career in the central California coast as an electrical contractor, and assisted the work of his daughter, Sheila Varian, who became a noted horse breeder.

Horse breeding

sirebroodmarestud
Russell and Sigurd became the co-founders of Varian Associates, an early Silicon Valley firm noted for production of the klystron tube, while Eric remained in the Halcyon area and had a career in the central California coast as an electrical contractor, and assisted the work of his daughter, Sheila Varian, who became a noted horse breeder.

Sierra Club

The Sierra ClubSierraSierra Magazine
Cowell in turn was a childhood music tutor of Ansel Adams, and the Varian family also became friends with Adams, who became particularly close to Russell and Sigurd through their mutual activity in the Sierra Club.

The Tangle-Coated Horse and Other Tales

Another close associate of Varian and his family was fellow Irish immigrant and theosophist Ella Young, who lived in Halcyon in a cabin behind the Varian's home in 1928 while she was finishing her book, The Tangle-Coated Horse and Other Tales, and working on her poetry.

Celtic Revival

CelticCelticismIrish Literary Revival
*Celtic Revival

Olive Cowell

As a teen he met the Irish Theosophist poet John Varian, and set some of his poetry to music.