John Paul Jones Memorial

Monument in West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. The memorial honors John Paul Jones, the United States' first naval war hero, father of the United States Navy, the only naval officer to receive a Congressional Gold Medal during the American Revolutionary War, and whose famous quote "I have not yet begun to fight!"

- John Paul Jones Memorial

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National Mall

Landscaped park within the National Mall and Memorial Parks, an official unit of the United States National Park System.

The National Mall in March 2010, facing east from above the Potomac River
National Mall proper and adjacent areas (April 2002). The Mall had a grassy lawn flanked on each side by unpaved paths and rows of American elm trees as its central feature. (Numbers in the image correspond to numbers in the list of landmarks, museums and other features below.)
Andrew Downing Jackson Urn in May 2012
June 2004 view from the United States Capitol, facing west across the National Mall towards the Washington Monument
Facing east on the National Mall, as viewed near the 1300 block of Jefferson Drive, S.W. in April 2010. Rows of American elm trees line the sides of a path traversing the length of the Mall.
West side of the U.S. Capitol building (September 2013)
The Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool in July 2005, facing east towards the Washington Monument
The view of the Lincoln Memorial from the Reflecting Pool in April 2007.
National World War II Memorial (July 2017)
The west side of the Jefferson Pier in April 2011, with the Washington Monument in the background.
Rows of young American elm trees on the National Mall, looking east from the top of the Washington Monument circa 1942
This view from the top of the Washington Monument shows rows of elm trees lining the Reflecting Pool (November 2014).
Portrait of the Mall and vicinity looking northwest from southeast of the U.S. Capitol circa 1846-1855, showing stables in the foreground, the Washington City Canal behind them, the Capitol on the right and the Smithsonian "Castle", the Washington Monument and the Potomac River in the distant left.
The Lockkeeper's House in 2018, looking northwest
Route of the Washington City Canal, showing the Mall (1851)
The Smithsonian Institution Building ("The Castle") in February 2007, looking north from the Enid A. Haupt Garden
The National Mall was the centerpiece of the 1902 McMillan Plan. A central open vista traversed the length of the Mall.
Eastward view of the National Mall from the top of the Washington Monument in 1918. The three structures and two chimneys crossing the Mall are temporary World War I buildings A, B and C and parts of their central power plant.
Westward view from the top of the Washington Monument in 1943 or 1944 during World War II. In the foreground, temporary buildings on the Washington Monument grounds house the Navy's Bureau of Ships. The Main Navy and Munitions Buildings stand to the right of the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool. Temporary buildings to the left of the Reflecting Pool house the Navy's Bureau of Supplies and Accounts.
Uncle Beazley on the National Mall between 1980 and 1994
National Park Service map showing the National Mall's designated reserve area referenced in the 2003 Commemorative Works Clarification and Revision Act
Barricade blocking walkway adjacent to the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool during the 2013 federal government shutdown, looking east toward the Washington Monument undergoing repair
Aerial view of the Mall facing west between 1980 and 1999
Looking east from the top of the Washington Monument towards the National Mall and the United States Capitol in December 1999
2007 aerial view of Capitol Hill and the National Mall, facing west
Inlay of L'Enfant Plan in Freedom Plaza, looking northwest in June 2005 from the observation deck in the Old Post Office Building Clock Tower
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (June 2010)
National Christmas Tree (November 28, 2018)
A Christmas tree in front of the Capitol in December of 2013.
Tidal Basin and Jefferson Memorial at dusk, facing south in October 2011.
L'Enfant Promenade (August 2013)
1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on the National Mall facing east from the Lincoln Memorial
The first inauguration of Barack Obama on January 20, 2009, facing west from the Capitol
Independence Day fireworks display between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial, July 4, 1986
The April 9, 1939, concert by Marian Anderson, facing east from the Lincoln Memorial
Britney Spears performs during the "NFL Kickoff Live from the National Mall Presented by Pepsi Vanilla" concert, September 4, 2003
The Concert for Valor on the National Mall on November 11, 2014, looking west from the United States Capitol grounds
The Smithsonian station on the Washington Metro in 2005
1863 photograph of the National Mall and vicinity during the Civil War, looking west towards the U.S. Botanical Garden, Washington City Canal, Gas Works, railroad tracks, Washington Armory, and Armory Square Hospital buildings. The Smithsonian Institution Building, the uncompleted Washington Monument (behind the Smithsonian's building), and the Potomac River are in the background.
The Victorian landscaping and architecture of the Mall looking east from the top of the Washington Monument, showing the influence of the Downing Plan and Adolph Cluss on the National Mall circa 1904. The Department of Agriculture Building, and above it, "The Castle", are in the foreground. A railroad route leading to a shed attached to the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station (not visible) crosses the Mall behind the Arts and Industry Building, the Army Medical Center, and the Armory.
View looking north of the National Mall with the Treasury Building in the background in April 1865.
View the National Mall with its livestock and the Treasury Building in the background in April 1865.
Looking east from the top of the Washington Monument towards the United States Capitol in the summer of 1901. The Mall exhibited the Victorian-era landscape of winding paths and random plantings that Andrew Jackson Downing designed in the 1850s
The Armory as a hospital during the Civil War
Department of Agriculture Building (circa 1895)
<center>Center Market circa 1875, looking northwest from The Mall</center>
Center Market between 1910 and 1930, looking southwest from 7th Street NW (at left)
Arts and Industries Building, looking southwest (March 2017)
Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station, looking southwest from 6th Street NW (at bottom and left)
Army Medical Museum and Library, looking northeast from Independence Avenue SW
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool before reconstruction (April 2010)
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool undergoing reconstruction (June 2011)
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool undergoing reconstruction (December 2011)
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool after reconstruction (May 2016)
Axis of National Mall before restoration (July 2012)
Axis of National Mall undergoing restoration (April 2015)
Axis of National Mall undergoing restoration (October 2015)
Axis of National Mall after restoration (September 2016)
Aerial view of National Mall, Looking South

John Paul Jones Memorial

West Potomac Park

U.S. national park in Washington, D.C., adjacent to the National Mall.

View of West Potomac Park (left) from the Washington Monument
Looking north from West Potomac Park across the Tidal Basin, showing cherry trees in bloom
Jefferson Memorial in West Potomac Park.

Also in the park are the District of Columbia War Memorial, George Mason Memorial, John Paul Jones Memorial, John Ericsson Memorial, and The Arts of War and The Arts of Peace sculptures.

Independence Avenue (Washington, D.C.)

Major east-west street in the southwest and southeast quadrants of the city of Washington, D.C., in the United States, running just south of the United States Capitol.

Street sign at 1900 Independence Avenue SW
Map of the District of Columbia in 1818, showing the original terminus of South B Street.
Planning map of the National Mall in 1932, showing the western terminus of South B Street still at 14th Street SW.
Independence Avenue on Capitol Hill, where it is a residential street for some of its length
Standing on 15th Street NW, looking east at night along Independence Avenue SW
Independence Avenue SE can be seen to the left of RFK Stadium and the D.C. Armory in this photograph.

The John Paul Jones Memorial stands where 17th Street SW meets Independence Avenue SW.

Charles Henry Niehaus

American sculptor.

Charles Henry Niehaus in 1896
The Driller (1901), Edwin Drake Memorial, Titusville, Pennsylvania.
Apotheosis of St. Louis (1906), Forest Park, St. Louis, Missouri.
Triumph of Law (1896-1900), Appellate Court House, New York City
Davenport Preaching at New Haven (1895), Connecticut State Capitol, Hartford, Connecticut
James A. Garfield (1882–87), Piatt Park, Cincinnati, Ohio
Henry Chisholm, (1884), Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio
Samuel Hahnemann Monument (1896–1900), Scott Circle, Washington, D.C.
Abraham Lincoln Monument (1900), Hackley Park, Muskegon, Michigan
Bust of Robert Blum (ca. 1900), Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio
Nathan Bedford Forrest (1901–05), Forrest Park, Memphis, Tennessee
William McKinley (1907), McKinley Memorial Mausoleum, Canton, Ohio
James W. Beardsley (1909), Beardsley Park, Bridgeport, Connecticut
John Paul Jones (1912), John Paul Jones Memorial, Washington, D.C.
Niehaus with his model for Orpheus, (Francis Scott Key Monument) (1916–22), Baltimore, Maryland
World War I Monument (1923), Lincoln Park, Newark, New Jersey
Planting the Standard of Democracy (1923), Lincoln Park, Newark, New Jersey
Ephraim McDowell (1929), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.

John Paul Jones, John Paul Jones Memorial, West Potomac Park, Washington, D.C., 1912. Niehaus's plaster original is at the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland.

Outdoor sculpture in Washington, D.C.

There are many outdoor sculptures in Washington, D.C. In addition to the capital's most famous monuments and memorials, many figures recognized as national heroes (either in government or military) have been posthumously awarded with his or her own statue in a park or public square.

The bronze statue of George Henry Thomas is considered one of the finest equestrian monuments in Washington, D.C.
Fountain in Dupont Circle

John Paul Jones at the John Paul Jones Memorial at 17th Street and Independence Avenue SW

Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial

National memorial located in West Potomac Park next to the National Mall in Washington, D.C., United States.

The Stone of Hope at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial
Delivering the "I Have a Dream" speech at the 1963 Washington, D.C. Civil Rights March.
Memorial site, shown in relation to areas including the National Mall, West Potomac Park, and the Tidal Basin
Martin Luther King Jr Memorial, Washington DC
Sheryl Crow with Stevie Wonder at the dedication concert
Aretha Franklin speaks to the crowd at the dedication of the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial. Seated at left is President Barack Obama, and at right Vice President Joe Biden.
Hats given to attendees at the dedication ceremony
The memorial center's donor wall.

The memorial is not the first to honor a non-United States president on or near the National Mall, as it was preceded by three other such memorials: the John Paul Jones Memorial, erected in 1912 near the Tidal Basin in memory of John Paul Jones, the Scottish-born American naval hero who served during the American Revolution; the John Ericsson Memorial, authorized in 1916 to honor John Ericsson, the Swedish-born engineer and inventor who designed the USS Monitor during the Civil War; and the George Mason Memorial, authorized in 1990 to honor George Mason, author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights (the basis for the U.S. Constitution's Bill of Rights), near the Thomas Jefferson Memorial.

United States Navy Memorial

Memorial in Washington, D.C. honoring those who have served or are currently serving in the Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and the Merchant Marine.

The Navy Memorial in 2010
The Lone Sailor statue.
At the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, the memorial contains a small chapel and tribute to the various battles fought in the Pacific.

John Paul Jones Memorial