John R. Sinnock

John Ray Sinnock
John Ray Sinnock (July 8, 1888 – May 14, 1947) was the eighth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1925 to 1947.wikipedia
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Roosevelt dime

50th anniversary Roosevelt dimea new designAmerican dime
Sinnock was the designer of the Roosevelt dime and Franklin half dollar, among other U.S. coins.
Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock prepared models, but faced repeated criticism from the Commission of Fine Arts.

Purple Heart

Purple Heart MedalOrder of the Purple HeartPurple Heart Medals
He also sculpted, although did not design, the Purple Heart medal, the Yangtze Service Medal, and various other medals and commemorative coins.
The Commission of Fine Arts solicited plaster models from three leading sculptors for the medal, selecting that of John R. Sinnock of the Philadelphia Mint in May 1931.

Franklin half dollar

FranklinFull Bell Linescoin
Sinnock was the designer of the Roosevelt dime and Franklin half dollar, among other U.S. coins.
In 1947, she instructed her chief engraver, John R. Sinnock, to prepare designs for a Franklin half dollar.

Chief Engraver of the United States Mint

Chief Engraver
John Ray Sinnock (July 8, 1888 – May 14, 1947) was the eighth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1925 to 1947.

Yangtze Service Medal

Yangtze Service StreamerYangtze Service
He also sculpted, although did not design, the Purple Heart medal, the Yangtze Service Medal, and various other medals and commemorative coins.
The designer of the Yangtze Service Medal is John R. Sinnock of the Philadelphia Mint.

Raton, New Mexico

RatonRaton, NMRaton area
Sinnock was born July 8, 1888, in Raton, New Mexico, and was educated at the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Art.

United States Mint

U.S. MintUnited States Bureau of the MintUS Mint
John Ray Sinnock (July 8, 1888 – May 14, 1947) was the eighth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1925 to 1947.

University of the Arts (Philadelphia)

University of the ArtsPhiladelphia College of ArtThe University of the Arts
Sinnock was born July 8, 1888, in Raton, New Mexico, and was educated at the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Art.

Case Western Reserve University

Western Reserve UniversityCase Institute of TechnologyCase Western Reserve
For ten years Sinnock was an art instructor at both his alma mater and at Western Reserve University.

Joseph Stalin

StalinJosef StalinJosif Stalin
Upon the initial minting of the Roosevelt dime in 1946, a false narrative arose in the United States that the letters "JS" actually stood not for John Sinnock, but for Joseph Stalin.

McCarthyism

McCarthy eraSecond Red ScareRed Scare
The urban folk story coincided with the Second Red Scare.

Relief

bas-reliefbas reliefbas-reliefs
Another controversy that surrounded the Roosevelt dime following its public release was an allegation that Sinnock copied or borrowed the design of the President's profile from a bronze bas relief created by sculptress Selma H. Burke for the dime's obverse.

List of medallists

medallistFrench medallic artistRobert Maurice Conly

United States Sesquicentennial coinage

United States Sesquicentennial half dollarSesquicentennial half dollar1926 commemorative half dollar
The Commission had trouble agreeing on a design with Mint Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock, and asked Philadelphia attorney, arts patron and numismatist John Frederick Lewis (1860–1932) to submit sketches.

Illinois Centennial half dollar

The obverse, depicting Abraham Lincoln, was designed by Chief Engraver George T. Morgan; the reverse, based on the Seal of Illinois, was by his assistant and successor, John R. Sinnock.

Frank Gasparro

Gasparro was hired by the United States Mint in December 1942 under Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock.

Delaware Tercentenary half dollar

tercentenary of Swedish settlement in Delaware
The competition was judged by the Mint Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock and noted sculptor Dr. Robert Tait McKenzie.

Long Island Tercentenary half dollar

For example, to ensure greater clarity, the legend IN GOD WE TRUST, appearing incuse, graven into the surface beneath the ship, was to be engraved on the master die directly by John R. Sinnock, the Chief Engraver.

Hawaii Sesquicentennial half dollar

Hawaii Sesquicentennial half-dollarHawaiian Sesquicentennial coin
On April 19, Mint Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock wrote in a memorandum that the coin would be very hard to produce because the area of greatest relief on each side was in the same part of the design.

Maryland Tercentenary half dollar

Lawrie journeyed by train to Philadelphia to visit the Mint there and confer with the Chief Engraver, John R. Sinnock.

Hudson Sesquicentennial half dollar

Hudson, New York Sesquicentennial half dollar
Moore suggested Laura Gardin Fraser as standing in the first rank of medallists, with other possibilities to include Mint Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock, Paul Manship, Francis H. Packer and Chester Beach.