John Scott Haldane

HaldanehaldaneanJ.S. HaldaneJohn HaldaneJ. S. HaldaneJohn ScottJS HaldaneProfessor J.S. Haldane
John Scott Haldane (2 May 1860 – 14/15 March 1936) was a Scottish physiologist famous for intrepid self-experimentation which led to many important discoveries about the human body and the nature of gases.wikipedia
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J. B. S. Haldane

HaldaneJ.B.S. HaldaneJack Haldane
He also experimented on his son, the equally famous J. B. S. Haldane (both for extending his father's interest in diving and as a key figure in population genetics and the development of the modern synthesis ), even when he was quite young. They had two children: the scientist J. B. S. Haldane and the author Naomi Mitchison.
He was the son of the equally famous John Scott Haldane, and was a professed socialist, Marxist, atheist and humanist whose political dissent led him to leave England in 1956 and live in India, becoming a naturalised Indian citizen in 1961.

Elizabeth Haldane

E. S. HaldaneElizabethElizabeth Sanderson Haldane
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, William Stowell Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.
She was the sister of Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane and John Scott Haldane, and became the first female Justice of the Peace in Scotland in 1920.

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane

Richard HaldaneLord HaldaneViscount Haldane
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, William Stowell Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.

Naomi Mitchison

Naomi (née Haldane)Mitchison, N.Naomi Haldane
They had two children: the scientist J. B. S. Haldane and the author Naomi Mitchison.
Like her father John Scott Haldane and elder brother J. B. S. Haldane, Naomi Haldane initially pursued a scientific career.

Physiology

physiologistphysiologicalphysiologically
John Scott Haldane (2 May 1860 – 14/15 March 1936) was a Scottish physiologist famous for intrepid self-experimentation which led to many important discoveries about the human body and the nature of gases.
Soon thereafter, in 1913, J.S. Haldane proposed that women be allowed to formally join The Physiological Society, which had been founded in 1876.

Black Veil Respirator

Haldane was an international authority on ether and respiration and the inventor of the Black Veil Respirator, or early gas mask, during World War I.
The Black Veil Respirator was an early British gas mask designed by John Scott Haldane and introduced in May 1915.

Haldane effect

Haldane helped determine the regulation of breathing, and discovered the Haldane effect in haemoglobin.
The Haldane effect is a property of hemoglobin first described by John Scott Haldane.

William Haldane

Sir William Haldane
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, William Stowell Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, John Scott Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.

James Haldane

JamesJames Alexander Haldane
Haldane was born in Edinburgh to Robert Haldane, whose father was Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, and Mary Elizabeth Burdon-Sanderson, daughter of Richard Burdon-Sanderson and the granddaughter of Sir Thomas Burdon.
Father of Richard (Secretary of State for War 1905-1912), John Scott and Elizabeth Haldane, among others.

University of Edinburgh

EdinburghEdinburgh UniversityThe University of Edinburgh
Haldane attended Edinburgh Academy, Edinburgh University and the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena.
The university is associated, through alumni and academic staff, with some of the most significant intellectual and scientific contributions in human history, including laying the foundations of Bayesian statistics (Thomas Bayes), quantum mechanics (Max Born), nephrology (Richard Bright), the theory of evolution (Charles Darwin), the initial development of sociology (Adam Ferguson), modern geology (James Hutton), antiseptic surgery (Joseph Lister), classical theory of electromagnetism (James Clerk Maxwell) and thermodynamics (William John Macquorn Rankine); the discovery of carbon dioxide (Joseph Black), latent heat (Joseph Black), specific heat (Joseph Black), the HPV vaccine (Ian Frazer), the Higgs mechanism (Peter Higgs and Tom Kibble), the Hepatitis B vaccine (Kenneth Murray), nitrogen (Daniel Rutherford), chloroform anaesthesia (James Young Simpson) and SARS (Nanshan Zhong); and the inventing of the telephone (Alexander Graham Bell), the hypodermic syringe (Alexander Wood), the kaleidoscope (David Brewster), the telpherage (Fleeming Jenkin), the vacuum flask (James Dewar), the ATM (John Shepherd-Barron), the diving chamber (John Scott Haldane), and in-vitro fertilisation (Robert Edwards) and Subash Mukhopadyay.

John Burdon-Sanderson

Burdon-SandersonBurdon SandersonBurdon Sanderson of Banbury Road
His maternal uncle was the physiologist John Scott Burdon-Sanderson.
He was maternal uncle to John Scott Haldane.

Silicosis

miner's phthisisgrinder's diseasehazardous dust
He was also an authority on the effects of pulmonary diseases, such as silicosis caused by inhaling silica dust.
John Scott Haldane

Afterdamp

After dampafter-dampinhaling poisonous gases
The toxic mixtures of gases found in mines included afterdamp, blackdamp and whitedamp.
Canaries were introduced into British collieries in the 1890s by John Scott Haldane, the noted physiologist.

Gifford Lectures

Gifford LecturerGifford LectureOn Selfhood and Godhood
Biography of John Scott Haldane on Gifford Lectures site
1927–28 J. S. Haldane The Sciences and Philosophy, ISBN: 0-404-60479-X

Domestic canary

canarycanariesminer's canary
The canary in British pits was replaced in 1986 by the electronic gas detector.
John Scott Haldane

Decompression (diving)

decompressiondecompression stopsdecompression diving
*Decompression (diving)
In 1908 John Scott Haldane prepared the first recognized decompression table for the British Admiralty, based on extensive experiments on goats using an end point of symptomatic DCS.

Population genetics

population geneticistpopulation geneticevolutionary genetics
He also experimented on his son, the equally famous J. B. S. Haldane (both for extending his father's interest in diving and as a key figure in population genetics and the development of the modern synthesis ), even when he was quite young.

Modern synthesis (20th century)

modern synthesismodern evolutionary synthesisevolutionary synthesis
He also experimented on his son, the equally famous J. B. S. Haldane (both for extending his father's interest in diving and as a key figure in population genetics and the development of the modern synthesis ), even when he was quite young.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
Haldane was an international authority on ether and respiration and the inventor of the Black Veil Respirator, or early gas mask, during World War I. When the Germans used poison gas in World War I, Haldane went to the front at the request of Lord Kitchener and attempted to identify the gases being used.

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

Lord KitchenerKitchenerHerbert Kitchener
When the Germans used poison gas in World War I, Haldane went to the front at the request of Lord Kitchener and attempted to identify the gases being used.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh, ScotlandCity of EdinburghCity of Edinburgh council area
Haldane was born in Edinburgh to Robert Haldane, whose father was Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, and Mary Elizabeth Burdon-Sanderson, daughter of Richard Burdon-Sanderson and the granddaughter of Sir Thomas Burdon.

Edinburgh Academy

The Edinburgh AcademyEdinburgh Academy,
Haldane attended Edinburgh Academy, Edinburgh University and the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena.

University of Jena

JenaFriedrich Schiller UniversityJena University
Haldane attended Edinburgh Academy, Edinburgh University and the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena.

University of Edinburgh Medical School

University of EdinburghEdinburghMedical School
He graduated in medicine from Edinburgh University Medical School in 1884.

University of Glasgow

GlasgowGlasgow Universityuniversity
Haldane was Gifford Lecturer in the University of Glasgow, Fellow of New College, Oxford, from October 1901, and Honorary Professor of the University of Birmingham.