John Scott Haldane

HaldanehaldaneanJohn HaldaneJ.S. HaldaneJS HaldaneJohn ScottJ. S. HaldaneProfessor J.S. Haldane
John Scott Haldane (2 May 1860 – 14/15 March 1936) was a Scottish physiologist famous for intrepid self-experimentation which led to many important discoveries about the human body and the nature of gases.wikipedia
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J. B. S. Haldane

HaldaneJ.B.S. HaldaneJack Haldane
He also experimented on his son, the equally famous J. B. S. Haldane (both for extending his father's interest in diving and as a key figure in population genetics and the development of the modern synthesis ), even when he was quite young. They had two children: the scientist J. B. S. Haldane and the author Naomi Mitchison.
He was the son of the equally famous John Scott Haldane, and was a professed socialist, Marxist, atheist and humanist whose political dissent led him to leave England in 1956 and live in India, becoming a naturalised Indian citizen in 1961.

Elizabeth Haldane

Elizabeth Sanderson HaldaneElizabethE. S. Haldane
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, William Stowell Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.
She was the sister of Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane and John Scott Haldane, and became the first female Justice of the Peace in Scotland in 1920.

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane

Richard HaldaneLord HaldaneViscount Haldane
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, William Stowell Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.

Naomi Mitchison

Naomi (née Haldane)Naomi MichisonNaomi Haldane
They had two children: the scientist J. B. S. Haldane and the author Naomi Mitchison.
Like her father John Scott Haldane and elder brother J. B. S. Haldane, Naomi Haldane initially pursued a scientific career.

Haldane effect

Haldane helped determine the regulation of breathing, and discovered the Haldane effect in haemoglobin.
The Haldane effect is a property of hemoglobin first described by John Scott Haldane.

Black Veil Respirator

Haldane was an international authority on ether and respiration and the inventor of the Black Veil Respirator, or early gas mask, during World War I.
The Black Veil Respirator was an early British gas mask designed by John Scott Haldane and introduced in May 1915.

Physiology

physiologistphysiologicalphysiologically
John Scott Haldane (2 May 1860 – 14/15 March 1936) was a Scottish physiologist famous for intrepid self-experimentation which led to many important discoveries about the human body and the nature of gases.
Soon thereafter, in 1913, J.S. Haldane proposed that women be allowed to formally join The Physiological Society, which had been founded in 1876.

William Haldane

Sir William Haldane
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, William Stowell Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, John Scott Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.

James Haldane

JamesJames Alexander Haldane
Haldane was born in Edinburgh to Robert Haldane, whose father was Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, and Mary Elizabeth Burdon-Sanderson, daughter of Richard Burdon-Sanderson and the granddaughter of Sir Thomas Burdon.
Father of Richard (Secretary of State for War 1905-1912), John Scott and Elizabeth Haldane, among others.

University of Edinburgh

EdinburghEdinburgh UniversityThe University of Edinburgh
Haldane attended Edinburgh Academy, Edinburgh University and the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena.
The university is associated, through alumni and academic staff, with some of the most significant intellectual and scientific contributions in human history, including laying the foundations of Bayesian statistics (Thomas Bayes), quantum mechanics (Max Born), nephrology (Richard Bright), the theory of evolution (Charles Darwin), the initial development of sociology (Adam Ferguson), modern geology (James Hutton), antiseptic surgery (Joseph Lister), classical theory of electromagnetism (James Clerk Maxwell) and thermodynamics (William John Macquorn Rankine); the discovery of carbon dioxide (Joseph Black), latent heat (Joseph Black), specific heat (Joseph Black), the HPV vaccine (Ian Frazer), the Higgs mechanism (Peter Higgs and Tom Kibble), the Hepatitis B vaccine (Kenneth Murray), nitrogen (Daniel Rutherford), chloroform anaesthesia (James Young Simpson) and SARS (Nanshan Zhong); and the inventing of the telephone (Alexander Graham Bell), the hypodermic syringe (Alexander Wood), the kaleidoscope (David Brewster), the telpherage (Fleeming Jenkin), the vacuum flask (James Dewar), the ATM (John Shepherd-Barron), the diving chamber (John Scott Haldane), and in-vitro fertilisation (Robert Edwards) and Subash Mukhopadyay.

John Burdon-Sanderson

Burdon-SandersonBurdon SandersonJohn Scott Burdon-Sanderson
His maternal uncle was the physiologist John Scott Burdon-Sanderson.
He was maternal uncle to John Scott Haldane.

Gifford Lectures

Gifford LecturerGifford LectureOn Selfhood and Godhood
Biography of John Scott Haldane on Gifford Lectures site
1927–28 J. S. Haldane The Sciences and Philosophy, ISBN: 0-404-60479-X

Afterdamp

After dampinhaling poisonous gasesafter-damp
The toxic mixtures of gases found in mines included afterdamp, blackdamp and whitedamp.
Canaries were introduced into British collieries in the 1890s by John Scott Haldane, the noted physiologist.

Silicosis

miner's phthisishazardous dustPneumoconiosis due to dust containing silica
He was also an authority on the effects of pulmonary diseases, such as silicosis caused by inhaling silica dust.
John Scott Haldane

Decompression (diving)

decompressiondecompression stopsdecompression diving
*Decompression (diving)
In 1908 John Scott Haldane prepared the first recognized decompression table for the British Admiralty, based on extensive experiments on goats using an end point of symptomatic DCS.

Domestic canary

canarycanariesminer's canary
The canary in British pits was replaced in 1986 by the electronic gas detector.
John Scott Haldane

Haldane's decompression model

Haldane tablesstage decompressionHaldanean schedule
Haldane's decompression model is a decompression table for diving at sea level that was proposed in 1908 by the eminent Scottish physiologist, John Scott Haldane (2 May 1860 – 14/15 March 1936), who was famous for intrepid self-experimentation.

United States Navy Experimental Diving Unit

Navy Experimental Diving UnitExperimental Diving UnitUS Navy Experimental Diving Unit
Stillson's research program ultimately led to increasing diver capabilities from 60 ft to over 300 ft of depth based on Haldane's decompression work with the Royal Navy.

Hyperbaric treatment schedules

medical treatment in recompression chamberstreatment schedulesUSN treatment table 5
John Scott Haldane's decompression procedures and the associated tables developed in the early 1900s greatly reduced the incidence of decompression sickness, but did not eliminate it entirely.

Guybon Chesney Castell Damant

G.C.C. Damant
Captain Guybon Chesney Castell Damant (25 July 1881 – 29 June 1963) was a British royal navy officer known for his scientific research on preventing decompression illness with John Scott Haldane, his leadership over a team of divers that salvaged forty-four tons of gold bullion from the wreck of HMS Laurentic between 1917 and 1924, and the covert work he and his divers performed by entering into sunken U-boats during World War I and recovering code books, ciphers, and other materials for the Naval Intelligence Division of the Royal Navy.

Hugo W. Koehler

Hugo journeyed to England with his grandfather, where he was introduced to the human physiologist John Scott Haldane, statesman-naturalist Lord Grey of Fallodon and Empress Elisabeth.

James Lorrain Smith

Lorrain Smith
Prof James Lorrain Smith FRS FRSE FRCPE (21 August 1862 – 18 April 1931) was a Scottish pathologist known for his works in human physiology, especially his research on respiration in collaboration with John Scott Haldane.

Sentinel species

canary in a coal minecanary in the coal mineanimal sentinel
The idea of placing a canary or other warm blooded animal in a mine to detect carbon monoxide was first proposed by John Scott Haldane, in 1913 or later.

Council for At-Risk Academics

Academic Assistance CouncilSociety for the Protection of Science and LearningAcademic Assistance Council'' (AAC)
A.V. Hill, another Nobel Prize-winning scientist, and also Cambridge University MP, became Vice-President.The council included J. S. Haldane and Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, Lord Rayleigh, Sir William Henry Bragg.