John Stafford Smith

SmithStafford Smith
John Stafford Smith (30 March 1750 – 21 September 1836) was a British composer, church organist, and early musicologist.wikipedia
92 Related Articles

The Star-Spangled Banner

national anthemAmerican national anthemU.S. national anthem
Stafford Smith is best known for writing the music for "The Anacreontic Song", which became the tune for the American patriotic song "The Star-Spangled Banner" following the War of 1812, and in 1931 was adopted as the national anthem of the United States. In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry" (later re-titled, "The Star-Spangled Banner") which was later set to the tune of "Anacreon", a piece composed by Stafford Smith.
The poem was set to the tune of a popular British song written by John Stafford Smith for the Anacreontic Society, a men's social club in London.

To Anacreon in Heaven

The Anacreontic SongTo Anacreon in Heav'n
Stafford Smith is best known for writing the music for "The Anacreontic Song", which became the tune for the American patriotic song "The Star-Spangled Banner" following the War of 1812, and in 1931 was adopted as the national anthem of the United States.
Composed by John Stafford Smith, the tune was later used by several writers as a setting for their patriotic lyrics.

National anthem

anthemnational songstate anthem
Stafford Smith is best known for writing the music for "The Anacreontic Song", which became the tune for the American patriotic song "The Star-Spangled Banner" following the War of 1812, and in 1931 was adopted as the national anthem of the United States.
Most of the best-known national anthems were written by little-known or unknown composers such as Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, composer of "La Marseillaise" and John Stafford Smith who wrote the tune for "The Anacreontic Song", which became the tune for the U.S. national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".

Anacreontic Society

He was elected as a member of the select Anacreontic Society which boasted amongst its membership such persons as Samuel Johnson, James Boswell and Sir Joshua Reynolds.
John Stafford Smith wrote the tune.

Drexel 4175

Smith's library included the Old Hall Manuscript, Drexel 4175, as well as a copy of Ulm Gesangbuch from 1538 that had belonged to Johann Sebastian Bach.
John Stafford Smith suggested a date "about the year 1620" for the two songs ("Ist for a grace" and "You herralds of Mrs hart") he printed in his compilation Musica Antiqua.

King's School, Gloucester

The King's SchoolGloucestercathedral school (King's School)
He attended the Gloucester cathedral school, where he became a boy-singer.
John Stafford Smith: late 18th century; wrote the tune for "To Anacreon in Heaven". In 1814 Francis Scott Key would set his poem to this piece and was named Star Spangled Banner, the National Anthem of the United States.

Francis Scott Key

KeyF. Scott KeyF.S. Key
In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry" (later re-titled, "The Star-Spangled Banner") which was later set to the tune of "Anacreon", a piece composed by Stafford Smith.
He took it to Thomas Carr, a music publisher, who adapted it to the rhythms of composer John Stafford Smith's "To Anacreon in Heaven", a popular tune Key had already used as a setting for his 1805-song "When the Warrior Returns", celebrating U.S. heroes of the First Barbary War.

Composer

music composercomposedmusic
John Stafford Smith (30 March 1750 – 21 September 1836) was a British composer, church organist, and early musicologist.

Organist

cathedral organistconcert organistorganists
John Stafford Smith (30 March 1750 – 21 September 1836) was a British composer, church organist, and early musicologist.

Musicology

musicologistmusicologistsmusicological
John Stafford Smith (30 March 1750 – 21 September 1836) was a British composer, church organist, and early musicologist. Smith is considered to be the first Englishman to be a serious antiquarian and musicologist.

Johann Sebastian Bach

BachJ.S. BachJ. S. Bach
Smith's library included the Old Hall Manuscript, Drexel 4175, as well as a copy of Ulm Gesangbuch from 1538 that had belonged to Johann Sebastian Bach. He was one of the first serious collectors of manuscripts of works by Johann Sebastian Bach.

War of 1812

the War of 1812war1812
Stafford Smith is best known for writing the music for "The Anacreontic Song", which became the tune for the American patriotic song "The Star-Spangled Banner" following the War of 1812, and in 1931 was adopted as the national anthem of the United States.

Gloucester Cathedral

GloucesterCathedralGloucester Abbey
Smith was baptised in Gloucester Cathedral, England, on 30 March 1750, the son of Martin Smith, organist of Gloucester Cathedral from 1743 to 1782.

Chapel Royal

Chapels RoyalChapel Royal, St James's PalaceChapel Royal, St James
He furthered his career as a choir boy at the Chapel Royal, London, and also studied under the famous Dr. William Boyce.

William Boyce (composer)

William BoyceBoyceBOYCE, WILLIAM
He furthered his career as a choir boy at the Chapel Royal, London, and also studied under the famous Dr. William Boyce.

Samuel Johnson

JohnsonDr JohnsonDr. Johnson
He was elected as a member of the select Anacreontic Society which boasted amongst its membership such persons as Samuel Johnson, James Boswell and Sir Joshua Reynolds.

James Boswell

BoswellBoswell, JamesDoctor James Boswell
He was elected as a member of the select Anacreontic Society which boasted amongst its membership such persons as Samuel Johnson, James Boswell and Sir Joshua Reynolds.

Joshua Reynolds

Sir Joshua ReynoldsReynoldsReynolds, Joshua
He was elected as a member of the select Anacreontic Society which boasted amongst its membership such persons as Samuel Johnson, James Boswell and Sir Joshua Reynolds.

Ralph Tomlinson

The words were by Ralph Tomlinson, the president of the society, and were inspired by the 6th-century BC Greek lyric poet, Anacreon, who wrote odes on the pleasures of love and wine.

Anacreon

AnakreonAnacreontic genreanacreontic verse
The words were by Ralph Tomlinson, the president of the society, and were inspired by the 6th-century BC Greek lyric poet, Anacreon, who wrote odes on the pleasures of love and wine.

Master of the Children

master of the choristersmastership of the children
Smith later became a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal in 1784, organist for the Chapel Royal in 1802 and Master of the Children in 1805.

Lay clerk

vicar chorallay vicarvicars choral
he also became lay-vicar of Westminster Abbey.

Westminster Abbey

WestminsterAbbot of Westminsterabbey of Westminster
he also became lay-vicar of Westminster Abbey.

Three Choirs Festival

Three ChoirsFestival of the Three ChoirsFestival of Three Choirs
He was organist at the Three Choirs Festival held at Gloucester in 1790.

Antiquarian

antiquaryantiquariansantiquaries
Smith is considered to be the first Englishman to be a serious antiquarian and musicologist.