John Stewart, Duke of Albany

Duke of AlbanyRegent AlbanyJohn Stewart, 2nd Duke of AlbanyJohn StewartJohnJohn Stewart, 17th Lord of AnnandaleJohn Stewart, Regent AlbanyJohn Stuart, Duke of AlbanyJohn, Regent Albany
John Stewart, Duke of Albany (1481 or 1484 – 2 July 1536 in Mirfleur, France) was regent of the Kingdom of Scotland, Duke of Albany in peerage of Scotland and Count of Auvergne and Lauraguais in France.wikipedia
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Duke of Albany

AlbanyDuke of Albany (1456)Duchess of Albany
John Stewart, Duke of Albany (1481 or 1484 – 2 July 1536 in Mirfleur, France) was regent of the Kingdom of Scotland, Duke of Albany in peerage of Scotland and Count of Auvergne and Lauraguais in France. He thus inherited Duchy of Albany and Earldom of March.
His son John Stewart was restored to the second creation in 1515 but died without heirs in 1536.

James V of Scotland

James VKing James VKing James V of Scotland
The sons of the immediate royal family proved to be short-lived except Albany's first cousins James, Duke of Ross, King James IV and the latter's son the future King James V (who died in 1542, only five years after Albany).
During his childhood the country was ruled by regents, first by his mother, until she remarried the following year, and then by John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, next in line to the Crown after James and his younger brother, Alexander Stewart, Duke of Ross, who died in infancy.

La Tour d'Auvergne

House of La Tour d'Auvergneduc de BouillonViscounty of Turenne
He was the only son of his father's second marriage, to Anne de la Tour d'Auvergne, daughter of Bertrand VI of Auvergne.

Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus

Earl of AngusAngus6th Earl of Angus
Albany was called to assume the regency (or guardianship) in 1514 when the infant king's mother, Dowager Queen Margaret married again to the Scottish noble, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, who led his own faction in Scotland and was opposed by other factions.
Civil war broke out, and Margaret lost the regency to John Stewart, Duke of Albany.

Heir presumptive

heiress presumptiveheir-presumptiveheirs presumptive
Thus Albany was from 1504 onwards either the heir presumptive or the second-in-line to the throne of Kingdom of Scotland.

Antoine d'Arces

Antoine d'Arces, Sieur de la BastieSieur de la BastieAntoine d'Arces, Seigneur de la Bastie
Between 1517 and 1520 Albany sojourned in France, and did not exercise the regency on spot, but through his lieutenants including Antoine d'Arces, sieur de la Bastie.
Antoine came to Scotland for the notable tournaments of James IV and the king's marriage to Margaret Tudor in 1502, and he was a friend of John Stewart, Duke of Albany.

Earl of March

Earls of MarchEarl of March (1328)Earldom of March
He thus inherited Duchy of Albany and Earldom of March.

Dumbarton Castle

Dumbarton RockDumbartonAl Clud
He arrived at Dumbarton with a squadron of eight ships, including the James and Margaret, which James IV had lent to Louis XII of France, on 26 May 1515.
On 18 May 1515 the James or the Margaret with six other ships brought John Stewart, Regent Albany to Dumbarton.

Gavin Douglas

DouglasDoouglasGavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld
On 26 August 1517 Albany and Charles, Duke of Alençon signed the Treaty of Rouen, which renewed the "auld alliance" between France and Scotland, and promised a French royal bride for James V. The poet and diplomat Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld assisted in the negotiations.
The marriage of the young Earl of Angus to James IV's widow on 6 August 1514 did much to identify the Douglases with the English party in Scotland, as against the French party led by the Duke of Albany, and incidentally to determine the political career of his uncle Gavin.

Treaty of Rouen

On 26 August 1517 Albany and Charles, Duke of Alençon signed the Treaty of Rouen, which renewed the "auld alliance" between France and Scotland, and promised a French royal bride for James V. The poet and diplomat Gavin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld assisted in the negotiations.
The treaty was negotiated and signed by Duke of Albany and Charles, Duke of Alençon.

Margaret Tudor

MargaretPrincess MargaretMargaret, Queen of Scots
Albany was called to assume the regency (or guardianship) in 1514 when the infant king's mother, Dowager Queen Margaret married again to the Scottish noble, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, who led his own faction in Scotland and was opposed by other factions.
Before long a pro-French party took shape among the nobility, urging that she should be replaced by John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, the closest male relative to the infant prince, and now third in line to the throne.

Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany

Alexander, Duke of AlbanyAlexander Stewart, 1st Duke of AlbanyDuke of Albany
John was a son of Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany, son of King James II of Scotland.
They had a son, John (1484–1536), who succeeded as Duke of Albany, and married Anne's niece, also Anne de La Tour d'Auvergne.

James IV of Scotland

James IVKing James IVKing James IV of Scotland
The sons of the immediate royal family proved to be short-lived except Albany's first cousins James, Duke of Ross, King James IV and the latter's son the future King James V (who died in 1542, only five years after Albany).
Fuelling these legends, Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie, writing in the 1570s, claimed that a convicted criminal offered to show Regent Albany the King's grave ten years after the battle, but Albany refused.

John III, Count of Auvergne

Jean III de la Tour d'AuvergneJean III de La TourJean III of la Tour d'Auvergne
On 8 July 1505 the young Albany married his first cousin Anne, Countess of Auvergne and Lauraguais (eldest daughter and heiress of Albany's maternal uncle John III, Count of Auvergne who had died in 1501).

James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran

Earl of ArranJames Hamilton, 2nd Lord HamiltonJames, 2nd Lord Hamilton
The 12-year-old James V's minority was proclaimed to end in 1524, as Queen Dowager Margaret and her supporters (such as Albany's first cousin, James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran) wanted to grab power.
He plotted against the Regent John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, and was president of the council of regency during Albany's absence in France from 1517 to 1520.

Mary of Bourbon

Marie de BourbonKing's Grace your nephew and the Monsieur de VendômeMarie de Vendôme
Two years later, James V of Scotland commissioned Albany to contract his marriage to Charles of Vendôme's daughter, Mary of Bourbon.
The marriage was promoted by John Stewart, Duke of Albany, and by the end of 1534, his secretary Nicolas Canivet and James V's secretary Thomas Erskine of Haltoun had met the Scottish King and shown him Mary's portrait.

James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault

Regent ArranJames Hamilton, 2nd Earl of ArranEarl of Arran
When Albany, the penultimate unquestionably legitimate agnate of the Royal House of Stewart, died on 2 June 1536 at Mirefleur Castle in Auvergne, the position of next heir of Scotland went for the first time to a descendant from the female line, who at the time was James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran (c.
On the death of John Stewart, Duke of Albany, in 1536, he became next in line to the throne after the King's descendants.

Battle of Pavia

PaviaBattle of Pavia (1525)defeated and captured Francis at Pavia
Due to inept leadership the remaining two thirds of the army met with Imperial forces at Pavia in 1525 and were routed with Francis and countless other French Nobles taken hostage.
Against the advice of his senior commanders, Francis detached a portion of his forces under the Duke of Albany and sent them south to aid the Pope.

Scottish warship Margaret

MargaretScottish warship ''Margaret
He arrived at Dumbarton with a squadron of eight ships, including the James and Margaret, which James IV had lent to Louis XII of France, on 26 May 1515.
Margaret was berthed at Dumbarton on her return with the Duke of Albany on 26 May 1515, after service in France.

Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne

MadeleineMadeleine de la Tour
On 16 January 1518, the duke's sister-in-law, Madeleine de la Tour who was his legal ward (pupille), married Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino at the Château d'Amboise.
Anne inherited Auvergne and married John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany in 1505.

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de MediciCatherine de MédicisCatherine de Medicis
Albany was delegated to negotiate with Pope Clement VII for a marriage between James V and Catherine de'Medici, the young Duchess of Urbino in 1530.
Suitors, however, lined up for her hand, including James V of Scotland who sent the Duke of Albany to Clement to conclude a marriage in April and November 1530.

Madeleine of Valois

MadeleineMadeleine of FranceMadeleine de Valois
James V subsequently travelled to France to meet Mary of Bourbon, but married the Princess Madeleine of Valois instead.
In April 1530, John Stewart, Duke of Albany, was appointed commissioner to finalise the royal marriage between James V and Madeleine.

Anne de La Tour d'Auvergne

Anne, Countess of AuvergneAnne
On 8 July 1505 the young Albany married his first cousin Anne, Countess of Auvergne and Lauraguais (eldest daughter and heiress of Albany's maternal uncle John III, Count of Auvergne who had died in 1501).
Anne de La Tour d'Auvergne (1496–1524) was sovereign Countess of Auvergne from 1501 until 1524, and Duchess of Albany by marriage to John Stewart, Duke of Albany.

House of Stuart

StuartStuartsStewart
Albany was his whole life the next heir of the Kingdom of Scotland after male members of the king's immediate family, due to stipulations of the semi-Salic succession order enacted by King Robert II which favored male agnates over all females of the Royal House of Stewart.