John Zachary Young

J. Z. YoungJohn Z. YoungJZ YoungJ Z YoungJ.Z. YoungJ.Z.YoungJohn (J-Z)YoungJohn YoungJohn Z YoungJohn.Z.Young
John Zachary Young FRS (18 March 1907 – 4 July 1997), generally known as "JZ" or "JZY", was an English zoologist and neurophysiologist, described as "one of the most influential biologists of the 20th century".wikipedia
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Squid giant axon

giant axonsquid axonEscape reflex in squid
He discovered the squid giant axon and the corresponding squid giant synapse.
It was first described by L. W. Williams in 1909, but this discovery was forgotten until English zoologist and neurophysiologist J. Z. Young demonstrated the axon's function in the 1930s while working in the Stazione Zoologica in Naples, the Marine Biological Association in Plymouth and the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole.

Squid giant synapse

squid
He discovered the squid giant axon and the corresponding squid giant synapse.
The squid giant synapse (Fig 1) was first recognized by John Zachary Young in [[#|1939]].

Linnean Medal

Gold MedalGold Medal of the Linnean SocietyLinnaean Medal
Among his honors are a Linnean Medal for zoology from the Linnean Society of London, awarded in 1973.

Peter Medawar

Sir Peter MedawarPluto's RepublicMedawar prize
Working with Peter Medawar, Young found a way to rejoin small peripheral nerves using a "glue" of plasma.
He was impressed and later influenced by his zoology teacher John Z. Young who was also taught and inspired by one of his Marlborough teachers, who was barely literate but "a very, very good biology teacher".

Human science

human sciencesMoral Sciencemoral sciences
The following year, he became a Professor Emeritus and proposed a degree programme in the Human Sciences.
It has been a degree subject at Oxford since 1969, and at UCL was proposed in 1973 by Professor J. Z. Young and implemented two years later.

Reith Lectures

Reith LectureReith LecturerBBC Reith lecture
In 1950, Young was invited by the BBC to deliver the Reith Lectures.

The Life of Vertebrates

However, Young is probably best remembered for his two textbooks, The Life of Vertebrates and The Life of Mammals.
The Life of Vertebrates is a noted biology textbook by John Zachary Young.

Taxonomy of the vertebrates (Young, 1962)

Taxonomy of the vertebrates
The taxonomy of the vertebrates presented by John Zachary Young in The Life of Vertebrates (1962) is a system of classification with emphasis on this group of animals.

Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

Marine Biological AssociationNational Marine Biological LibraryMarine Biological Association of the UK
He was President of the Marine Biological Association (MBA) from 1976 to 1986.
The NMBL’s Special Collections include the research libraries of several eminent MBA scientists; these are George Parker Bidder, Edward Thomas Browne, Sidney Frederic Harmer, E. Ray Lankester, Marie Victoire Lebour and John Zachary Young.

Neuron

neuronsnerve cellsnerve cell
He discussed and corresponded with the mathematician Alan Turing on brain cells, memory, pattern recognition, and embryology, from 1949.
In 1937 John Zachary Young suggested that the squid giant axon could be used to study neuronal electrical properties.

Fellow of the Royal Society

FRSForMemRSFellows of the Royal Society
John Zachary Young FRS (18 March 1907 – 4 July 1997), generally known as "JZ" or "JZY", was an English zoologist and neurophysiologist, described as "one of the most influential biologists of the 20th century".

Neurophysiology

neurophysiologistneurophysiologicalphysiology
John Zachary Young FRS (18 March 1907 – 4 July 1997), generally known as "JZ" or "JZY", was an English zoologist and neurophysiologist, described as "one of the most influential biologists of the 20th century".

Marlborough College

MarlboroughMarlborough SchoolBlackett Observatory
Young went to school at Marlborough College.

Magdalen College, Oxford

Magdalen CollegeMagdalenMagdalen College Oxford
In 1928, he received a first class honours degree in zoology from Magdalen College, Oxford.

C. S. Lewis

C.S. LewisCS LewisLewis
On Oct. 12, 1942, Young spoke at the Socratic Club in Oxford on the topic "Purpose and Design in Nature" as part of the series of talks and debates led by C. S. Lewis.

Royal Society

FRSRoyal Society of LondonThe Royal Society
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1945 and served as Professor of Anatomy at University College London from then until 1974.

University College London

University College, LondonUCLUniversity College
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1945 and served as Professor of Anatomy at University College London from then until 1974.

Emeritus

professor emeritusEmeritus Professorprofessor emerita
The following year, he became a Professor Emeritus and proposed a degree programme in the Human Sciences.

Linnean Society of London

Linnean SocietyFLSLinnaean Society
Among his honors are a Linnean Medal for zoology from the Linnean Society of London, awarded in 1973.

University of Bath

BathBath UniversityThe University of Bath
He was awarded an Honorary Degree (Doctor of Science) by the University of Bath in 1974.

Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn

Stazione ZoologicaNaples Zoological StationZoological Station in Naples
For many years, Young spent the summer experimenting season at the Stazione Zoologica in Naples.

Naples

Naples, ItalyNapoliNeapolitan
For many years, Young spent the summer experimenting season at the Stazione Zoologica in Naples.

Egyptology

EgyptologistEgyptologistsEgyptological
Young revered the brother of his great-great- grandfather, Richard, the English scientist and Egyptologist Thomas Young, M.D., F.R.S. (1773–1829).