A report on Johnny Pacheco

Dominican musician, arranger, composer, bandleader, and record producer who in the 1970s became one of the leading exponents of salsa as well in the late 1950s called the pachanga, a blend of Cuban rhythms and Dominican merengue, which propelled him to worldwide fame and had an important role in the evolution of Latin music.

- Johnny Pacheco

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Fania All-Stars in Venezuela, 1980

Fania All-Stars

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Musical group formed in 1968 as a showcase for the musicians on Fania Records, the leading salsa music record label of the time.

Musical group formed in 1968 as a showcase for the musicians on Fania Records, the leading salsa music record label of the time.

Fania All-Stars in Venezuela, 1980

In 1964, Fania Records was founded in New York City by Jerry Masucci, an Italian-American lawyer with a love for Cuban music, and Johnny Pacheco, a flutist, percussionist and bandleader born in the Dominican Republic but raised in the South Bronx who had like minded musical tastes.

Tumbadoras (conga drums), one of the basic instruments of salsa music

Salsa music

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Style of Latin American music.

Style of Latin American music.

Tumbadoras (conga drums), one of the basic instruments of salsa music
Graciela on claves and her brother Machito on maracas; Machito said that salsa was much like what he had been playing from the 1940s.
Bongos.
The Palladium Ballroom, home of the mambo, c. 1950s.
Roger Dawson hosted a very popular Las Vegas radio show featuring salsa.
Oscar D'Leon (2011).
Marc Anthony performing at the White House (2009)
Orchestra Baobab

These musicians included Celia Cruz, Rubén Blades, Johnny Pacheco, Machito and Héctor Lavoe.

Fania Records

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Fania Records is a New York–based record label founded by Dominican-born composer and bandleader Johnny Pacheco and his Brooklyn-born Italian-American ex-New York City Police Officer turned lawyer Jerry Masucci in 1964.

Cruz in 1957

Celia Cruz

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Cuban-American singer and one of the most popular Latin artists of the 20th century.

Cuban-American singer and one of the most popular Latin artists of the 20th century.

Cruz in 1957
Celia Cruz in the 1950s with the members of the Sonora Matancera in Havana
Celia Cruz performing in Paris at the Olympia in 1980
Dexter Lehtinen, Celia Cruz, Alonso R. del Portillo, Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, and Pedro Knight in May 1992
Celia Cruz's mausoleum in Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York
Celia Cruz Plaza in Union City, New Jersey

She often appeared live with Fania All-Stars and collaborated with Johnny Pacheco and Willie Colón.

Santiago de los Caballeros

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Second-largest city in the Dominican Republic and the fourth-largest city in the Caribbean by population.

Second-largest city in the Dominican Republic and the fourth-largest city in the Caribbean by population.

Campuzano Polanco Coat of Arms.
Panoramic view of Santiago.
La Trinitaria area in Santiago Dominican Republic.
Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic skyline development.
Hotel Mercedes in Santiago's historic center.
The Centro Leon exhibits Dominican culture and some Dominican customs and national parks
Aurora cigar factory.
Estadio Cibao home of Las Aguilas Cibaeñas baseball team.
Principal entrance of Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM)
Cibao International Airport in 2003 AIC
Bridge over Yaque del Norte.
Hospital Metropolitano de Santiago
Gran Cibao Hotel seen from the HOMS. In the back the Cibao Airport Terminal Area is visible.
Plaza Haché commercial center.
Houses in Santiago's Old Historic Center
Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia Catholic Church
Gran Teatro del Cibao
A view of the Northeastern section of Santiago
Gran arena del cibao

Johnny Pacheco - musician

International Latin Music Hall of Fame

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Annual event established in 1999 and held in New York City to honor artists who have largely contributed to the Latin music genre.

Annual event established in 1999 and held in New York City to honor artists who have largely contributed to the Latin music genre.

Tito Puente, Celia Cruz, Eddie Palmieri, Johnny Pacheco, Joe Cuba, Israel "Cachao" López, Johnny Ventura, Orquesta Aragón, José Fajardo, Marco Antonio Muñiz, Ray Barretto, La Sonora Matancera.

Pete "El Conde" Rodríguez

Pete "El Conde" Rodríguez

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Salsa singer born in Barrio Cantera, Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Salsa singer born in Barrio Cantera, Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Pete "El Conde" Rodríguez
Salsa DJ Yun Yun Echevarría (left) and Pete "El Conde" Rodríguez at Radio Voz WVOZ Puerto Rico (1980s)

While singing and playing the congas in a Bronx bar, he was spotted by the bandleader Johnny Pacheco.

Dominican Republic

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Country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.

Country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.

St Dominic, the patron saint of astronomers.
The five caciquedoms of Hispaniola
The Spanish Caribbean in 1600
National pantheon in Santo Domingo built from 1714 to 1746
Contemporary map showing the border situation on Hispaniola following the Treaty of Aranjuez (1777)
Hispaniola
Jean-Pierre Boyer, the ruler of Haiti
Juan Pablo Duarte, founding father of the Dominican Republic.
Original flag of the Dominican Republic (up to 1849).
Battle of Las Carreras (April 21, 1849)
Pedro Santana is sworn in as governor-general of the new Spanish province
Battle of Monte Cristi (1864)
President Alejandro Woss y Gil taking office in 1903
Ramón Cáceres
The United States Marine Corps landing on Dominican soil in 1916
Marines of the 4th regiment with a captured rebel "spray gun" at Santiago
The flag of the United States waving over Ozama Fortress during the U.S. occupation of the Dominican Republic, c. 1922
Dominican Republic president elect Horacio Vasquez meeting with United States officials.
Rafael Trujillo imposed a dictatorship of 31 years in the country (1930–1961)
Destruction of Santo Domingo after the 1930 hurricane
Explosion in Paseo Los Próceres during the Betancourt assassination attempt, June 24, 1960
Juan Bosch, the first democratically elected president after the regime of Rafael Trujillo
A Marine heavy machine gunner monitors activity from a street barricade in Santo Domingo
Joaquín Balaguer, was puppet president during the Trujillo dictatorship (1960-1962), and constitutional president of the country for 22 years (1966-1978 and 1986-1996)
Leonel Fernández was president from 1996–2000 & 2004–2012.
Danilo Medina was president from 2012–2020.
2020 Dominican Republic municipal elections protests in Plaza de La Bandera, Santo Domingo.
Luis Abinader, the current president of the Dominican Republic since 2020.
Topographical map of Dominican Republic
Constanza valley
Mangroves in Los Haitises National Park
There are numerous waterfalls across Dominican Republic. In the image the Salto del Limón
Köppen climate types of the Dominican Republic
The National Palace in Santo Domingo
Dominican President Luis Abinader
Dominican soldiers training in Santo Domingo
Provinces of the Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional.
A proportional representation of Dominican Republic exports, 2019
Historical GDP per capita development in the Dominican Republic and Haiti
View of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic capital city.
Cabeza de Toro beach, Punta Cana
Teleférico de Santo Domingo
27 de febrero avenue in Santo Domingo.
A pair of 9000 series are tested on the Santo Domingo Metro.
The Dominican Republic's population (1961–2003)
Population pyramid in 2020
Dominican Republic people in the town of Moca
The Gothic Cathedral of Santa María la Menor, Santo Domingo, is the oldest cathedral in the Americas, built between 1514 and 1541
Family of Japanese descent in Constanza's neighbourhood of Colonia Japonesa
A satellite image of the border between the denuded landscape of Haiti (left) and the Dominican Republic (right), highlighting the deforestation on the Haitian side
Dominicans and Haitians lined up to attend medical providers from the U.S. Army Reserve
Haitian workers being transported in Punta Cana, the Dominican Republic.
Dominican Day Parade in New York City, 2014
Kids taking classes
Campesino cibaeño, 1941 (Museo de Arte Moderno, Santo Domingo)
Church and Convent, Colonial Santo Domingo.
Chicharrón mixto, common dish in the country derived from Andalusia in southern Spain.
Tostones, a fried plantain dish
Merengue and Bachata are both music genres native to Dominican Republic, popular and traditional in Latin America. In the image two icons of these genres Juan Luis Guerra and Romeo Santos
Dominican native, fashion designer and perfume maker Oscar de la Renta
Bayahibe Rose
Dominican native and Major League Baseball player David Ortiz
President Alejandro Woss y Gil taking office in 1903
Joaquín Balaguer, was puppet president during the Trujillo dictatorship (1960-1962), and constitutional president of the country for 22 years (1966-1978 and 1986-1996)
Dominican native and Major League Baseball player Albert Pujols

During the late 1960s Dominican musicians like Johnny Pacheco, creator of the Fania All Stars, played a significant role in the development and popularization of the genre.

Bongo drum

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Afro-Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a pair of small open bottomed hand drums of different sizes.

Afro-Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a pair of small open bottomed hand drums of different sizes.

Sexteto Habanero in 1925. First from the left is Agustín Gutiérrez, the bongosero. His tuning lamp is on the ground (circled).
José Mangual Sr. on bongos (left) alongside Machito on maracas and Carlos Vidal on conga at the Glen Island Casino, New York, 1947.
Grupo Changüí de Guantánamo in 1962. The bongosero (left) is playing bongó de monte, which is much taller than the standard bongó.

Other Puerto Rican musicians who made a name for themselves on the bongos were Richie Bastar of El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico, Ralph Marzán of Johnny Pacheco's charanga, "Little" Ray Romero, Frank Colón and Roberto Roena.

Charlie Palmieri

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American bandleader and musical director of salsa music.

American bandleader and musical director of salsa music.

While performing at the Monte Carlo Ballroom, Palmieri heard Johnny Pacheco playing the flute - the playing so impressed him that he hired him on the spot.