Johnston McCulley

Johnston M. McCulley
Johnston McCulley (February 2, 1883 – November 23, 1958) was the author of hundreds of stories, fifty novels, numerous screenplays for film and television, and the creator of the character Zorro.wikipedia
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Zorro

El ZorroA Marca do Zorrofictional character
Johnston McCulley (February 2, 1883 – November 23, 1958) was the author of hundreds of stories, fifty novels, numerous screenplays for film and television, and the creator of the character Zorro. McCulley's Zorro character, reminiscent of Baroness Orczy's Scarlet Pimpernel, was first serialized in the story The Curse of Capistrano in 1919 in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly. Zorro became his most enduring character, appearing in four novels (the last three were all serialized in Argosy Magazine, which had absorbed All-Story). The first appeared in 1919 and the second in 1922, after which there was a significant gap before the appearance of the third novel, Zorro Rides Again, in 1931.
Zorro (Spanish for "Fox") is a fictional character created in 1919 by American pulp writer Johnston McCulley, and appearing in works set in the Pueblo of Los Angeles during the era of Spanish California (1769–1821).

The Curse of Capistrano

McCulley's Zorro character, reminiscent of Baroness Orczy's Scarlet Pimpernel, was first serialized in the story The Curse of Capistrano in 1919 in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly.
The Curse of Capistrano is a 1919 serialized novel by Johnston McCulley and the first work to feature the fictional Californio character Zorro (zorro is the Spanish word for fox).

The Mark of Zorro (1920 film)

The Mark of Zorro19201920 film version
The appearance of the 1920 Douglas Fairbanks silent movie The Mark of Zorro, based on the first novel, was the direct cause for McCulley's reviving what had originally been a one-time hero plot.
Based on the 1919 story The Curse of Capistrano by Johnston McCulley, which introduced the masked hero, Zorro, the screenplay was adapted by Fairbanks (as "Elton Thomas") and Eugene Miller.

The Mark of Zorro (1940 film)

The Mark of Zorro19401940 film version
In 1940, The Mark of Zorro remake starring Tyrone Power and Linda Darnell made the character much more widely known to the public at large, and McCulley decided to bring Zorro back with new stories.
The film is based on The Curse of Capistrano written by Johnston McCulley, originally published in 1919 in five serialized installments in All-Story Weekly, which introduced the masked hero Zorro; the story is set in Southern California during the early 19th century.

Zorro (1957 TV series)

ZorroZorro'' (1957 TV series)1957
The final Zorro story appeared in Short Story Magazine in April 1959, after McCulley's death and after Walt Disney's Zorro television program starring Guy Williams had become nationally popular.
Based on the Zorro character created by Johnston McCulley, the series premiered on October 10, 1957 on ABC.

Argosy (magazine)

ArgosyThe ArgosyThe All-Story
Zorro became his most enduring character, appearing in four novels (the last three were all serialized in Argosy Magazine, which had absorbed All-Story). The first appeared in 1919 and the second in 1922, after which there was a significant gap before the appearance of the third novel, Zorro Rides Again, in 1931.
Argosy published a number of adventure stories by Johnston McCulley (including the Zorro stories), C. S. Forester (adventures at sea), Theodore Roscoe (French Foreign Legion stories), L. Patrick Greene, (who specialized in narratives about Africa), and George F. Worts' tales about Peter the Brazen, an American radio operator who has adventures in China.

Altus Press

Some of McCulley's tales are available from Wildside Press and Altus Press.

Chillicothe, Illinois

ChillicotheChillicothe, Peoria County
Born in Ottawa, Illinois, and raised in Chillicothe, Illinois, he died in 1958 in Los Angeles, California, aged 75.
Johnston McCulley, pulp author: created the Zorro stories upon which all later Zorro movies and books were based

Guy Williams (actor)

Guy Williams
The final Zorro story appeared in Short Story Magazine in April 1959, after McCulley's death and after Walt Disney's Zorro television program starring Guy Williams had become nationally popular.
About this time, the Walt Disney Company was casting for Zorro, a new television series based on the character created in 1919 by Johnston McCulley: the young nobleman Don Diego de la Vega and his masked alter ego Zorro.

Detective Story Magazine

Detective StoryDetective Story Hour
Black Star first appeared in the Street & Smith pulp Detective Story Magazine on 5 March 1916.
Johnston McCulley

The Mark of the Renegade

The Mark of the Renegade 1951, story
The film is based on a novel by Johnston McCulley, and is set in Mexican-ruled Los Angeles in the 1820s.

Pseudonym

nom de guerrealiaspseudonyms
Many of his novels and stories were written under the pseudonyms Harrington Strong, Raley Brien, George Drayne, Monica Morton, Rowena Raley, Frederic Phelps, Walter Pierson, and John Mack Stone, among others.

National Police Gazette

Police GazetteNew York's National Police GazetteThe National Police Gazette
McCulley started as a police reporter for The Police Gazette and served as an Army public affairs officer during World War I.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
McCulley started as a police reporter for The Police Gazette and served as an Army public affairs officer during World War I.

Pulp magazine

pulp fictionpulppulp novel
McCulley's Zorro character, reminiscent of Baroness Orczy's Scarlet Pimpernel, was first serialized in the story The Curse of Capistrano in 1919 in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly. An amateur history buff, he went on to a career in pulp magazines and screenplays, often using a Southern California backdrop for his stories.

Ottawa, Illinois

OttawaOttawa, IL
Born in Ottawa, Illinois, and raised in Chillicothe, Illinois, he died in 1958 in Los Angeles, California, aged 75.

Wildside Press

Wildside
Some of McCulley's tales are available from Wildside Press and Altus Press.

Emma Orczy

Baroness OrczyBaroness Emmuska OrczyBaroness Emma Orczy
McCulley's Zorro character, reminiscent of Baroness Orczy's Scarlet Pimpernel, was first serialized in the story The Curse of Capistrano in 1919 in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly.

The Scarlet Pimpernel

Scarlet PimpernelPimpernelSir Percy Blakeney
McCulley's Zorro character, reminiscent of Baroness Orczy's Scarlet Pimpernel, was first serialized in the story The Curse of Capistrano in 1919 in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly.

Douglas Fairbanks

Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.FairbanksDouglas Fairbanks Senior
The appearance of the 1920 Douglas Fairbanks silent movie The Mark of Zorro, based on the first novel, was the direct cause for McCulley's reviving what had originally been a one-time hero plot.

Silent film

silentsilent erasilent films
The appearance of the 1920 Douglas Fairbanks silent movie The Mark of Zorro, based on the first novel, was the direct cause for McCulley's reviving what had originally been a one-time hero plot.