Joke

jokesjocularjestgagjokingpolitical jokegagsjoke cycleethnic jokesjokingly
A joke is a display of humour in which words are used within a specific and well-defined narrative structure to make people laugh and is not meant to be taken seriously.wikipedia
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Punch line

punchlinepunchlinespay-off line
It takes the form of a story, usually with dialogue, and ends in a punch line.
k. a. punch-line or punchline) concludes a joke; it is intended to make people laugh.

Stand-up comedy

stand-up comedianStand-upstand-up comic
Stand-up comics, comedians and slapstick work with comic timing, precision and rhythm in their performance, relying as much on actions as on the verbal punchline to evoke laughter.
Comedians give the illusion that they are dialoguing, but in actuality, they are monologuing a grouping of humorous stories, jokes and one-liners, typically called a shtick, routine, act, or set.

Comedian

comedianscomiccomedienne
Stand-up comics, comedians and slapstick work with comic timing, precision and rhythm in their performance, relying as much on actions as on the verbal punchline to evoke laughter.
This might be through jokes or amusing situations, or acting foolish (as in slapstick) or employing prop comedy.

Irony

ironicironicallydramatic irony
This can be done using a pun or other word play such as irony or sarcasm, a logical incompatibility, nonsense, or other means.
Some psycholinguistic theorists (e.g., Gibbs, 2000) suggest that sarcasm ("Great idea!", "I hear they do fine work."), hyperbole ("That's the best idea I have heard in years!"), understatement ("Sure, what the hell, it's only cancer..."), rhetorical questions ("What, does your spirit have cancer?"), double entendre ("I'll bet if you do that, you'll be communing with spirits in no time...") and jocularity ("Get them to fix your bad back while you're at it.") should all be considered forms of verbal irony.

Humor on the internet

Internet humorhumorInternet humour
Jokes are also passed along in written form or, more recently, through the internet.
Initially, the internet and its precursors, LANs and WANs, were used merely as another media to disseminate jokes and other kinds of humor, in addition to the traditional ones ("word of mouth", printed media, sound recording, radio, film, and TV).

Comic timing

comedic timingpregnant pausetiming
Stand-up comics, comedians and slapstick work with comic timing, precision and rhythm in their performance, relying as much on actions as on the verbal punchline to evoke laughter.
The pacing of the delivery of a joke can have a strong impact on its comedic effect, even altering its meaning; the same can also be true of more physical comedy such as slapstick.

Practical joke

prankprankspractical jokes
Some humorous forms which are not verbal jokes are: involuntary humour, situational humour, practical jokes, slapstick and anecdotes.
A practical joke is "practical" because it consists of someone doing something that is physical, in contrast to a verbal or written joke.

Pun

paronomasiapunningword play
This can be done using a pun or other word play such as irony or sarcasm, a logical incompatibility, nonsense, or other means.

Anti-humor

anti-comedyanti-jokeanti-jokes
However, subverting these and other common guidelines can also be a source of humor—the shaggy dog story is in a class of its own as an anti-joke; although presenting as a joke, it contains a long drawn-out narrative of time, place and character, rambles through many pointless inclusions and finally fails to deliver a punchline.
The humor of such jokes is based on the surprise factor of absence of an expected joke or of a punch line in a narration which is set up as a joke.

Philogelos

Hierokles
The earliest extant joke book is the Philogelos (Greek for The Laughter-Lover), a collection of 265 jokes written in crude ancient Greek dating to the fourth or fifth century AD.
Philogelos is the oldest existing collection of jokes.

Jest book

jestbookshumorous anecdotesjest book literature
Printers turned out Jestbooks along with Bibles to meet both lowbrow and highbrow interests of the populace.
Jest books (or Jestbooks) are collections of jokes and humorous anecdotes in book form - a literary genre which reached its greatest importance in the early modern period.

Off-color humor

off-colorcrude humordirty joke
This study adds credence to the common experience when exposed to an off-colour joke; a laugh is followed in the next breath by a disclaimer: "Oh, that's bad…" Here the multiple steps in cognition are clearly evident in the stepped response, the perception being processed just a breath faster than the resolution of the moral / ethical content in the joke.
Many comedic genres (including jokes, prose, poems, black comedy, blue comedy, insult comedy, cringe comedy and skits) can incorporate vulgar elements.

Humour

humorhumoroussense of humor
A joke is a display of humour in which words are used within a specific and well-defined narrative structure to make people laugh and is not meant to be taken seriously.

Elephant joke

Elephant riddle
Some well-known cycles are elephant jokes using nonsense humour, dead baby jokes incorporating black humour and light bulb jokes, which describe all kinds of operational stupidity.
An elephant joke is a joke, almost always an absurd riddle or conundrum and often a sequence of such, that involves an elephant.

Dead baby jokes

Baby Funeraldead babydead baby joke
Some well-known cycles are elephant jokes using nonsense humour, dead baby jokes incorporating black humour and light bulb jokes, which describe all kinds of operational stupidity.
Dead baby jokes are a joke cycle reflecting dark comedy.

Lightbulb joke

Light bulb jokesdoes it take to change a light bulbLight Bulb Joke
Some well-known cycles are elephant jokes using nonsense humour, dead baby jokes incorporating black humour and light bulb jokes, which describe all kinds of operational stupidity.
A lightbulb joke is a joke that asks how many people of a certain group are needed to change, replace, or screw in a light bulb.

Bar joke

(…walks into a bar)
Joke cycles can centre on ethnic groups, professions (viola jokes), catastrophes, settings (…walks into a bar), absurd characters (wind-up dolls), or logical mechanisms which generate the humour (knock-knock jokes).
A bar joke is a very common and basic type of joke.

Knock-knock joke

knock knock jokeknock knock jokesknock-knock jokes
Joke cycles can centre on ethnic groups, professions (viola jokes), catastrophes, settings (…walks into a bar), absurd characters (wind-up dolls), or logical mechanisms which generate the humour (knock-knock jokes).
The knock-knock joke is a question-and-answer joke, typically ending with a pun.

Viola jokes

Joke cycles can centre on ethnic groups, professions (viola jokes), catastrophes, settings (…walks into a bar), absurd characters (wind-up dolls), or logical mechanisms which generate the humour (knock-knock jokes).
Viola jokes are jokes directed towards violas and viola players.

Theories of humor

theory of humorincongruity theoryhumor
A linguistic interpretation of this punchline / response is elucidated by Victor Raskin in his Script-based Semantic Theory of Humour.
Misattribution is one theory of humor that describes an audience's inability to identify exactly why they find a joke to be funny.

Folklore

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Folklore and cultural anthropology have perhaps the strongest claims on jokes as belonging to their bailiwick.
These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and jokes.

Laughter

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A joke is a display of humour in which words are used within a specific and well-defined narrative structure to make people laugh and is not meant to be taken seriously.
It may ensue from jokes, tickling, and other stimuli completely unrelated to psychological state, such as nitrous oxide.

Alan Dundes

Dundes, AlanDundes
Beginning in the 1960s, social and cultural interpretations of these joke cycles, spearheaded by the folklorist Alan Dundes, began to appear in academic journals.
In this introductory course, students were introduced to the many various forms of folklore, from myth, legend, and folktale to proverbs and riddles to jokes, games, and folkspeech (slang), to folk belief and foodways.

Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious

The Joke and Its Relation to the Unconscious
In his 1905 study Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious Freud describes the social nature of humour and illustrates his text with many examples of contemporary Viennese jokes.

Sarcasm

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This can be done using a pun or other word play such as irony or sarcasm, a logical incompatibility, nonsense, or other means.