Jonas Hanway

Jonas Hanway (12 August 1712 – 5 September 1786), was an English traveller and philanthropist.wikipedia
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Philanthropy

philanthropistphilanthropicphilanthropists
Jonas Hanway (12 August 1712 – 5 September 1786), was an English traveller and philanthropist.
Jonas Hanway, another notable philanthropist of the era, established The Marine Society in 1756 as the first seafarer's charity, in a bid to aid the recruitment of men to the navy.

The Marine Society

Marine SocietyHibernian Marine Society
In 1756, Hanway founded The Marine Society, to keep up the supply of British seamen; in 1758, he became a governor of the Foundling Hospital, a position which was upgraded to vice president in 1772; he was instrumental in the establishment the Magdalen Hospital; in 1761 he procured a better system of parochial birth registration in London; and in 1762 he was appointed a commissioner for victualling the navy (10 July); this office he held till October 1783.
Jonas Hanway (1712–1786), who had already made his mark as a traveller, Russia Company merchant, writer and philanthropist, must take the chief credit for founding the society which both contributed to the solution of that particular problem, and has continued for the next two and a half centuries to assist many thousands of young people in preparing for a career at sea.

Magdalene asylum

Magdalen AsylumMagdalen HospitalMagdalene Laundries
In 1756, Hanway founded The Marine Society, to keep up the supply of British seamen; in 1758, he became a governor of the Foundling Hospital, a position which was upgraded to vice president in 1772; he was instrumental in the establishment the Magdalen Hospital; in 1761 he procured a better system of parochial birth registration in London; and in 1762 he was appointed a commissioner for victualling the navy (10 July); this office he held till October 1783.
The first Magdalen institution, Magdalen Hospital for the Reception of Penitent Prostitutes, was founded in late 1758 in Whitechapel, London by Robert Dingley, a silk merchant, Jonas Hanway and John Fielding.

St Mary's Church, Hanwell

St. Mary's Church, HanwellSt Mary's ChurchSt. Mary's Church
He died, unmarried, on 5 September 1786 and was buried in the crypt at St. Mary's Church, Hanwell.
The great reformer Jonas Hanway who was buried here in the crypt on 13 September 1786 has his memorial plaque in Westminster Abbey instead.

Umbrella

parasolparasolsumbrellas
Hanway was the first male Londoner, it is said, to carry an umbrella, (following women who had been using umbrellas since 1705) and he lived to triumph over all the hackney coachmen who tried to hoot and hustle him down.
Jonas Hanway, the founder of the Magdalen Hospital, has the credit of being the first man who ventured to dare public reproach and ridicule by carrying one habitually in London.

Roland Everett Jayne

* Roland Everett Jayne, Jonas Hanway: Philanthropist, Politician, and Author (1712–1786), London: Epworth Press, J. Alfred Sharp, 1929.
He is noted for two biographies: Jonas Hanway: Philanthropist, Politician and Author (1929) and The Story of John Pounds, Founder of Ragged Schools (1925).

Chimney sweep

chimney sweeperchimney sweepsclimbing boy
His last efforts were on behalf of little chimney-sweeps.
The Act had been partially inspired by the interest in climbing boys shown by Jonas Hanway, and his two publications The State of Chimney Sweepers' Young Apprentices (1773) and later Sentimental History of Chimney Sweeps in London and Westminster (1785).

John Francis Moore (sculptor)

John Francis Moore
A monument to his memory, sculpted by John Francis Moore was erected in Westminster Abbey in 1786.

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
Jonas Hanway (12 August 1712 – 5 September 1786), was an English traveller and philanthropist.

Portsmouth

Portsmouth, EnglandCity of PortsmouthPortsmouth, Hampshire
He was born in Portsmouth, on the south coast of England.

Victualler

victuallinglicensed victuallervictual
Whilst still a child, his father, who had been a victualler, died, and the family subsequently moved to London.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
Whilst still a child, his father, who had been a victualler, died, and the family subsequently moved to London.

Lisbon

Lisbon, PortugalLisboaLissabon
In 1729, Jonas was apprenticed to a merchant in Lisbon.

Saint Petersburg

St. PetersburgLeningradSt Petersburg
In 1743, after he had been in business for himself for some time in London, he became a partner with Mr Dingley, a merchant in St Petersburg, and in this way was led to travel in Russia and Persia.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
In 1743, after he had been in business for himself for some time in London, he became a partner with Mr Dingley, a merchant in St Petersburg, and in this way was led to travel in Russia and Persia.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
In 1743, after he had been in business for himself for some time in London, he became a partner with Mr Dingley, a merchant in St Petersburg, and in this way was led to travel in Russia and Persia.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoscow, Soviet UnionMoskva
Leaving St Petersburg on 10 September 1743, and passing south by Moscow, Tsaritsyn and Astrakhan, he embarked on the Caspian Sea on 22 November and arrived at Astrabad on 18 December.

Volgograd

StalingradTsaritsynVolgograd, Russia
Leaving St Petersburg on 10 September 1743, and passing south by Moscow, Tsaritsyn and Astrakhan, he embarked on the Caspian Sea on 22 November and arrived at Astrabad on 18 December.

Astrakhan

AstrahanAstrachanAstracan
Leaving St Petersburg on 10 September 1743, and passing south by Moscow, Tsaritsyn and Astrakhan, he embarked on the Caspian Sea on 22 November and arrived at Astrabad on 18 December.

Caspian Sea

CaspianCaspian regionCaspian Sea basin
Leaving St Petersburg on 10 September 1743, and passing south by Moscow, Tsaritsyn and Astrakhan, he embarked on the Caspian Sea on 22 November and arrived at Astrabad on 18 December.

Gorgan

AstarabadGurganAstrabad
Leaving St Petersburg on 10 September 1743, and passing south by Moscow, Tsaritsyn and Astrakhan, he embarked on the Caspian Sea on 22 November and arrived at Astrabad on 18 December.

Mohammad Hasan Khan Qajar

Muhammad Hasan KhanMohammad Hassan Khan QajarMohammad Hasan Khan
Here his goods were seized by Mohammed Hassan Beg, and it was only after great privations that he reached the camp of Nadir Shah, under whose protection he recovered most (85%) of his property.

Nader Shah

Nadir ShahNader Shah AfsharNader
Here his goods were seized by Mohammed Hassan Beg, and it was only after great privations that he reached the camp of Nadir Shah, under whose protection he recovered most (85%) of his property.

Rasht

ReshtRasht, Iranhometown
His return journey was embarrassed by sickness (at Resht), attacks from pirates, and six weeks' quarantine; he only arrived at St Petersburg on 1 January 1745.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
He again left the Russian capital on 9 July 1750 and travelled through Germany and the Netherlands to England (28 October).