Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of JordanTransjordanKingdom of JordanJordanianThe Hashemite Kingdom of JordanHashemite Kingdom of TransjordanJORHashemite kingdomJOTrans-Jordan
Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.wikipedia
11,198 Related Articles

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west.
Iraq (, or ; ٱلْعِرَاق, '; عێراق '), officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

Saudi Arabia

SaudiKingdom of Saudi ArabiaKSA
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west.
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west.
It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west.
Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

Transjordan (region)

TransjordanEast BankTrans-Jordan
Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Transjordan, the East Bank, or the Transjordanian Highlands, is the part of the Southern Levant east of the Jordan River, mostly contained in present-day Jordan.

Amman

Amman, JordanGreater Amman MunicipalityRabbah
The capital, Amman, is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
Amman is the capital and largest city of Jordan and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.

Dead Sea

The Dead SeaSalt SeaDead Sea Panorama Complex
The Dead Sea is located along its western borders and the country has a 26 km coastline on the Red Sea in its extreme south-west.
The Dead Sea ( lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت ) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west.

Jordan River

River JordanJordanJordan River Valley
Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Jordan and the Golan Heights border the river to the east, while the West Bank and Israel lie to its west.

West Bank

the West BankCisjordanGeography of the West Bank
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west. In 1946, Jordan became an independent state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country captured the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until it was lost to Israel in 1967.
The West Bank (الضفة الغربية '; ' or ) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, bordered by Jordan to the east and by the Green Line separating it and Israel on the south, west and north.

State of Palestine

PalestinePalestinianPalestinian state
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and the Palestinian West Bank to the west.
Palestine, officially the State of Palestine, is a de jure sovereign state in Western Asia claiming the West Bank (bordering Israel and Jordan) and Gaza Strip (bordering Israel and Egypt) with East Jerusalem as the designated capital, although its administrative center is currently located in Ramallah.

Abdullah I of Jordan

Abdullah IAbdullahKing Abdullah I
The Emirate of Transjordan was established in 1921 by the Hashemite, then Emir, Abdullah I, and the emirate became a British protectorate.
Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein (عبد الله الأول بن الحسين, Abd Allāh Al-Awal ibn Al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951) was the ruler of Jordan and its predecessor state, Transjordan, from 1921 until his assassination in 1951.

Edom

IdumeaEdomitesEdomite
Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon, Moab and Edom.
Most of its former territory is now divided between Israel and Jordan.

Ammon

AmmonitesAmmoniteBen-Ammi
Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon, Moab and Edom.
Ammon was an ancient Semitic-speaking nation occupying the east of the Jordan River, between the torrent valleys of Arnon and Jabbok, in present-day Jordan.

Six-Day War

Six Day War1967 war1967
In 1946, Jordan became an independent state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country captured the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until it was lost to Israel in 1967.
The Six-Day War (, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب 1967, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.

Jordanian annexation of the West Bank

West BankJordanian ruleannexed
In 1946, Jordan became an independent state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country captured the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until it was lost to Israel in 1967.
The Jordanian annexation of the West Bank was the occupation and consequent annexation of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) by Jordan (formerly Transjordan) in the aftermath of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

Arab League

League of Arab StatesArab StatesArab
Jordan is a founding member of the Arab League and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.
The Arab League was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 initially with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan in 1949), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.

Constitutional monarchy

constitutional monarchiesconstitutional monarchconstitutional
The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy, but the king holds wide executive and legislative powers.
Constitutional monarchies range from countries such as Monaco, Morocco, Jordan, Kuwait and Bahrain, where the constitution grants substantial discretionary powers to the sovereign, to countries such as the United Kingdom, Spain, Belgium, Sweden and Japan, where the monarch retains no formal authorities.

Economy of Jordan

Jordanian economyits economyJordan's economy
The Jordanian economy, one of the smallest economies in the region, is attractive to foreign investors based upon a skilled workforce.
Jordan's GDP per capita rose by 351% in the 1970s, declined 30% in the 1980s, and rose 36% in the 1990s.

Arab Spring

protestsconcurrent protests in the region2011 Arab Spring
It has been mostly unscathed by the violence that swept the region following the Arab Spring in 2010.
Sustained street demonstrations took place in Morocco, Iraq, Algeria, Iranian Khuzestan, Lebanon, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman and Sudan.

Palestinian refugees

Palestinian refugeerefugeesrefugee
An estimated 2.1 million Palestinian and 1.4 million Syrian refugees are present in Jordan as of a 2015 census.
During the 1948 Palestine War, around 85% (720,000 people) of the Palestinian Arab population of what became Israel fled or were expelled from their homes, to the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and to the countries of Lebanon, Syria and Jordan.

Kingdom of Jerusalem

JerusalemKing of JerusalemCrusader
Later, during the Crusades in the beginning of the second millennium, a lordship was established in the area under the name of Oultrejordain.
From the Mediterranean Sea, the kingdom extended in a thin strip of land from Beirut in the north to the Sinai Desert in the south; into modern Jordan and Syria in the east, and towards Fatimid Egypt in the west.

Emirate of Transjordan

TransjordanTrans-JordanEmir of Transjordan
The Emirate of Transjordan was established in 1921 by the Hashemite, then Emir, Abdullah I, and the emirate became a British protectorate.
In 1949, it was constitutionally renamed the "Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan", commonly referred to as Jordan.

Levant

the LevantLevantineNear East
Jordan is rich in Paleolithic (up to 20,000 years ago) remains due to its location within the Levant where expansions of hominids out of Africa converged.
In its narrowest sense, it is equivalent to the historical region of Syria, which included present-day Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and Palestine.

Jordan Valley

Jordan River ValleyShunet NimrinEl Haud
Other than the usual Chalcolithic (4500–3600 BC) villages such as Tulaylet Ghassul in the Jordan Valley, a series of circular stone enclosures in the eastern basalt desert−whose purpose remains uncertain–have baffled archaeologists.
Over most of its length, the Jordan Valley forms the border between Jordan to the east, and Israel and the West Bank to the west.

Nabataean Kingdom

NabataeaNabateaNabatean Kingdom
Later rulers include the Nabataean Kingdom, the Roman Empire, and the Ottoman Empire.
The Nabataeans might have originated from there and migrated west between the 6th and 4th centuries BC into northwestern Arabia and much of what is now modern-day Jordan.