Jordan River

JordanRiver JordanJordan ValleyJordan River ValleyriverYardenthe JordanIordanesof JordanRiver of Jordan
The Jordan River or River Jordan (, Nahar ha-Yarden;, نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ, Nahr al-Urdunn;, Iordànes) is a 251 km river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea.wikipedia
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Dead Sea

the Dead SeaDeadDead Sea Panorama Complex
The Jordan River or River Jordan (, Nahar ha-Yarden;, نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ, Nahr al-Urdunn;, Iordànes) is a 251 km river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea.
It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River.

Sea of Galilee

KinneretLake TiberiasTiberias
The Jordan River or River Jordan (, Nahar ha-Yarden;, نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ, Nahr al-Urdunn;, Iordànes) is a 251 km river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea.
The lake is fed partly by underground springs although its main source is the Jordan River which flows through it from north to south.

West Bank

the West BankPalestineArea C
Jordan and the Golan Heights border the river to the east, while the West Bank and Israel lie to its west.
The name West Bank is a translation of the Arabic term ad-Diffah I-Garbiyyah, given to the territory west of the Jordan River that fell, in 1948, under occupation and administration by Jordan, which subsequently annexed it in 1950.

Jordan Valley

Jordan River Valley(Lower) Jordan Valleyal-Ghawr
In traditional terminology, the upper course (or most of it) is commonly referred to as passing through the "Hula Valley", as opposed to "Upper Jordan Valley"; the Sea of Galilee through which the river passes is a separate entity; and the term Jordan Valley is reserved for the lower course.
Unlike most other river valleys, the term "Jordan Valley" often applies just to the lower course of the Jordan River, from the spot where it exits the Sea of Galilee in the north, to the end of its course where it flows into the Dead Sea in the south.

Golan Heights

GolanGolan plateauthe Golan Heights
Jordan and the Golan Heights border the river to the east, while the West Bank and Israel lie to its west.
The area is hilly and elevated, overlooking the Jordan Rift Valley which contains the Sea of Galilee and the Jordan River, and is itself dominated by the 2,814 m tall Mount Hermon.

Yarmouk River

YarmoukYarmukRiver Yarmouk
Two major tributaries enter from the east during this last section: the Yarmouk River and Zarqa River. Also in 1964, Jordan constructed a channel that diverted water from the Yarmouk River, another main tributary of the Jordan River to the East Ghor Canal.
The Yarmuk River (نهر اليرموك, or شريعة المناذرة, ; נהר הירמוך, ; Hieromices), sometimes spelled Yarmouk, is the largest tributary of the Jordan River.

Promised Land

land of promisepromisedThe Promised Land
The river has a major significance in Judaism and Christianity since many believe that the Israelites crossed it into the Promised Land and that Jesus of Nazareth was baptised by John the Baptist in it.
The Promised Land was described in terms of the territory from the River of Egypt to the Euphrates river . A smaller area of former Canaanite land and land east of the Jordan River was conquered and occupied by their descendants, the Israelites, after Moses led the Exodus out of Egypt, and this occupation was interpreted as God's fulfilment of the promise . Moses anticipated that God might subsequently give the Israelites land reflecting the boundaries of God's original promise, if they were obedient to the covenant.

Banias

BaniyasBanyasBanyas River
Banias (Arabic: بانياس Banias, Hebrew: either Banias or חרמון Hermon), a stream arising from a spring at Banias at the foot of Mount Hermon.
The spring is the source of the Banias River, one of the main tributaries of the Jordan River.

Nahal Hermon

Banias
Banias (Arabic: بانياس Banias, Hebrew: either Banias or חרמון Hermon), a stream arising from a spring at Banias at the foot of Mount Hermon.
It is the easternmost of the three main northern tributaries of the Jordan River; together with the Dan River and the Snir Stream, it forms the Jordan River's upper catchment (UCJR).

Wadi al-Far'a (river)

Wadi Fa'rahWadi al-Far'aWadi Far'a
Wadi al-Far'a
Wadi al-Far'a (Arabic name) or Nahal Tirza (Hebrew name) is a stream in the northern West Bank that empties into the Jordan River south of Damia Bridge (Arabic: Jisr Damiya).

Hasbani River

HasbaniSnir (Hatsbani)
Hasbani (Arabic: الحاصباني Hasbani, Hebrew: either שניר Snir or Hatzbani), a stream which flows from the north-western foot of Mount Hermon in Lebanon.
The Hasbani River (الحاصباني / ALA-LC: al-Ḥāṣbānī; Hatzbani) or Snir Stream ( / Nahal Snir), is the major tributary of the Jordan River.

Israel

🇮🇱IsraeliState of Israel
Jordan and the Golan Heights border the river to the east, while the West Bank and Israel lie to its west.
Since 1964, Arab countries, concerned over Israeli plans to divert waters of the Jordan River into the coastal plain, had been trying to divert the headwaters to deprive Israel of water resources, provoking tensions between Israel on the one hand, and Syria and Lebanon on the other.

Hula Valley

Lake HulehLake HulaHula Basin
In traditional terminology, the upper course (or most of it) is commonly referred to as passing through the "Hula Valley", as opposed to "Upper Jordan Valley"; the Sea of Galilee through which the river passes is a separate entity; and the term Jordan Valley is reserved for the lower course.
Basalt hills of about 200 meters above sea level along the southern side of the valley intercept the Jordan River, and are commonly referred to as the basalt "plug", the Korazim block, or Korazim plateau (actually a temporary geologic base level), as they restrict water drainage downstream into the Sea of Galilee.

Wadi Qelt

Pharan ValleyPrat Streamal-Qelt
Wadi Qelt
Wadi Qelt (وادي القلط‎; also: Wadi al-Qult, Wadi el-Qult, Wadi Kelt, Wadi Qilt or Wadi Qult), also Nahal Prat, formerly Naḥal Faran (Pharan brook), is a valley, riverine gulch or stream (وادي‎, "wadi"; נחל‎, "nahal") in the West Bank, originating near Jerusalem and running into the Jordan River near Jericho and the Dead Sea.

Hebrew language

HebrewHeb.Hebrew-language
Cognates of the word are found in Aramaic, Hebrew, and other Semitic languages. From the bridges crossing the river within Israel, the most famous one is the Bnot Ya'akov Bridge (Hebrew: Gesher Bnot Ya'akov, "Daughters of Jacob Bridge").
The name is believed to be based on the Semitic root ʕ-b-r meaning "beyond", "other side", "across"; interpretations of the term "Hebrew" generally render its meaning as roughly "from the other side [of the river/desert]"—i.e., an exonym for the inhabitants of the land of Israel/Judah, perhaps from the perspective of Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, or the Transjordan (with the river referenced perhaps the Euphrates, Jordan, or Litani; or maybe the northern Arabian Desert between Babylonia and Canaan).

Christopher Costigan

In the 19th century the River Jordan and the Dead Sea were explored by boat primarily by Christopher Costigan in 1835, Thomas Howard Molyneux in 1847, William Francis Lynch in 1848, and John MacGregor in 1869.
Christopher Costigan (12 May 1810 - 26 August 1835) was an Irish priest noted for his geographical exploration of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea.

Dan River (Middle East)

Dan RiverDanDan spring
Dan (Arabic: اللدان Leddan, Hebrew: דן Dan), a stream whose source is also at the base of Mount Hermon.
The Dan River ( Dan, اللدان Leddan) is a tributary of the Jordan River.

Beit She'an

ScythopolisBeisanBeth Shean
The northern one, Jordan River Crossing or Sheikh Hussein Bridge is near Beit She'an; the southern one, Allenby Bridge (also King Hussein Bridge), is near Jericho.
Beit She'an is a city in the Northern District of Israel which has played an important role in history due to its geographical location at the junction of the Jordan River Valley and the Jezreel Valley.

Jericho

ArihaJericho DistrictAriha (Jericho)
The northern one, Jordan River Crossing or Sheikh Hussein Bridge is near Beit She'an; the southern one, Allenby Bridge (also King Hussein Bridge), is near Jericho.
Jericho is a city in the Palestinian Territories and is located near the Jordan River in the West Bank.

Mount Hermon

HermonMt. HermonSirion
Banias (Arabic: بانياس Banias, Hebrew: either Banias or חרמון Hermon), a stream arising from a spring at Banias at the foot of Mount Hermon.
These merge to become the Jordan River.

King Abdullah Canal

East Ghor Main CanalEast Ghor CanalEast Ghor Canal Project
Also in 1964, Jordan constructed a channel that diverted water from the Yarmouk River, another main tributary of the Jordan River to the East Ghor Canal.
The King Abdullah Canal is the largest irrigation canal system in Jordan and runs parallel to the east bank of the Jordan River.

Daughters of Jacob Bridge

Bnot Yaakov BridgeBnot Ya'akov BridgeGesher Benot Ya'akov
From the bridges crossing the river within Israel, the most famous one is the Bnot Ya'akov Bridge (Hebrew: Gesher Bnot Ya'akov, "Daughters of Jacob Bridge").
The Daughters of Jacob Bridge (גשר בנות יעקב, Gesher Bnot Ya'akov, or Arabic: Jisr Benat Ya'kub), is a site on the upper Jordan River.

Nahal Ayun

Ayun StreamAyun/Iyyon StreamIyyon
Iyyon (Hebrew: עיון Iyyon, Arabic: دردره Dardara or براغيث Braghith – on old PEF maps (1871–77) as Wadi el-Kharrar in the Merj 'Ayun area and Nahr Bareighit in its lower part), a stream which flows from Lebanon.
The stream originates from the springs in the Marjayoun valley in southern Lebanon, and runs southward for seven kilometers in various irrigation ditches, until flowing into Israel near Metulla, as a tributary of the Jordan River in the Hula Valley.

Allenby Bridge

AllenbyKing Hussein/Allenby BridgeAllenby Bridge Border Crossing
The northern one, Jordan River Crossing or Sheikh Hussein Bridge is near Beit She'an; the southern one, Allenby Bridge (also King Hussein Bridge), is near Jericho.
The Allenby Bridge (גשר אלנבי Gesher Allenby), also known as the King Hussein Bridge (جسر الملك حسين Jisr al-Malek Hussein), is a bridge that crosses the Jordan River near the city of Jericho, and connects the West Bank with Jordan.

King Abdullah Bridge

Another closed bridge is the King Abdullah Bridge south of the Allenby Bridge.
The King Abdullah Bridge is an inoperative bridge over the Jordan River between the West Bank and Jordan.