Portrait by Fernando García del Molino (detail)
Map of the 1833 desert campaign

The columns led by José Félix Aldao from Mendoza Province and Ruiz Huidobro from San Luis Province were charged with exterminating the Ranquels.

- Yanquetruz

This column gained a partial victory over the Ranquel chief Yanquetruz in fierce fighting on 31 March and 1 April 1833.

- José Félix Aldao
Portrait by Fernando García del Molino (detail)

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Oil portrait of Nazario Benavidez painted by Franklin Rawson, 1843

Nazario Benavídez

Argentine soldier who rose to the rank of Brigadier General and played a leading role in the Argentine Civil Wars.

Argentine soldier who rose to the rank of Brigadier General and played a leading role in the Argentine Civil Wars.

Oil portrait of Nazario Benavidez painted by Franklin Rawson, 1843
Facundo Quiroga, "El tigre de los llanos", Benavídez's commander and a witness at his wedding
Gregorio Aráoz de Lamadrid, a leader of the Unitarian forces
Justo José de Urquiza, whom Benavídez came to support
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, a Liberal opponent who respected Benavídez

In 1833 Benavídez fought with Colonel Martín Yanzón on the staff of the second Auxiliary regiment of the Andes in the desert campaign, gaining victory over the local Mapuche chief Yanquetruz.

Benavídez fought in this campaign under the command of General José Félix Aldao, participating in fierce fighting on 31 March and 1 April 1833 in which the Spanish gained victory but suffered considerable losses.

Martín Yanzón

Argentine soldier and caudillo who died fighting against the supporters of the dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.

Argentine soldier and caudillo who died fighting against the supporters of the dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.

In 1833 Yanzón served in the desert campaign under the command of José Félix Aldao.

This column gained a partial victory over the Ranquel chief Yanquetruz.

Indians attacking Argentine soldiers (gauchos from the militia)

Desert Campaign (1833–1834)

Military campaign in Argentina led by Juan Manuel de Rosas against the indigenous people of the southern Pampas and northern Patagonia.

Military campaign in Argentina led by Juan Manuel de Rosas against the indigenous people of the southern Pampas and northern Patagonia.

Indians attacking Argentine soldiers (gauchos from the militia)
Map of Campaign Operations

Félix Aldao from the Mendoza Province attacked the Mapuche in the south of his province and in Neuquen.

The Ranquels were led by the famous warrior Yanquetruz, skilled in hit and run tactics.