José María Aznar

Jose Maria AznarJosé Maria AznarAznarJosé María Aznar LópezJosé María Alfredo Aznar LópezJose AznarJose María AznarJosé AznarJosé María '''AznarJosé María Alfredo Aznar y López
José María Alfredo Aznar López (born 25 February 1953) is a Spanish politician who served as the Prime Minister of Spain from 1996 to 2004.wikipedia
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1996 Spanish general election

19961996 general election1996 elections
The People's Party, led by Aznar, won the most parliamentary seats at the 1996 general election, but he failed to obtain a majority in the Congress of Deputies, which forced the PP to seek the support of Basque (EAJ-PNV), Catalan (CiU) and Canarian (CC) regionalists.
Opposition José María Aznar's People's Party (PP) was widely expected to make gains after resounding wins in the 1994 European Parliament election and 1995 local and regional elections.

2000 Spanish general election

20002000 general election2000 election
Aznar also got the most votes in the 2000 general election this time obtaining an absolute majority of 183 deputies (out of 350) in the Congress.
The incumbent People's Party (PP) of Prime Minister José María Aznar secured an unpredicted absolute majority in the Congress of Deputies, obtaining 183 out of 350 seats and increasing its margin of victory with the opposition Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) to 2.4 million votes.

Prime Minister of Spain

Prime MinisterPresident of the Government of SpainSpanish Prime Minister
José María Alfredo Aznar López (born 25 February 1953) is a Spanish politician who served as the Prime Minister of Spain from 1996 to 2004.
This system of multiple distinct offices all labelled 'president' causes confusion among English-speakers: both President George W. Bush and his brother, Florida Governor Jeb Bush, referred to José María Aznar as "President" on separate occasions, and Donald Trump referred to Mariano Rajoy both as "President" and "Mr. President" during Rajoy's 2017 White House visit.

Complutense University of Madrid

Universidad Complutense de MadridUniversity of MadridComplutense University
A member of the Frente de Estudiantes Sindicalistas, a student organization in which a 16-years-old Aznar espoused an independent brand of Falangism, he obtained a law degree from the Complutense University of Madrid and his first job was in the public sector, specifically, as an Inspector of the Finances of the State (Inspector de las Finanzas del Estado).
The former first Deputy Prime Minister, María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, and the former President, José María Aznar, are both graduates of the university.

Mariano Rajoy

RajoyMariano Rajoy BreyPrime Minister Rajoy
In 2004, a general election in Spain was scheduled for 14 March, which was not contested by Aznar, but by his successor as lead of the PP, Mariano Rajoy.
Rajoy was a Minister under the José María Aznar administration, occupying different leading roles in different Ministries between 1996 and 2003, and he also was the Deputy Prime Minister between 2000 and 2003.

2004 Madrid train bombings

Madrid train bombings11 March 2004 Madrid train bombingsMadrid
On 11 March, the 2004 Madrid train bombings occurred, which killed 192 people.
The bombings occurred three days before general elections in which incumbent José María Aznar's PP was defeated.

People's Party (Spain)

People's PartyPPPartido Popular
He led the People's Party (PP), the dominant right-of-centre party in the country at the time.
On 4 September 1989, and at the suggestion of Fraga himself, José María Aznar (then premier of the Autonomous Region of Castile and León) was named the party's candidate for Prime Minister of Spain at the general elections.

2003 invasion of Iraq

invasion of IraqIraq War2003 Iraq War
Aznar supported the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq.
On 20 March 2003, Spanish Prime Minister, José María Aznar, UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair, President of the United States George W. Bush, and Prime Minister of Portugal, José Manuel Durão Barroso as host, met in the Azores, to discuss the invasion of Iraq, and Spain's potential involvement in the war, as well as the beginning of the invasion.

ETA (separatist group)

ETAEuskadi Ta AskatasunaETA(m)
In 1995, he survived an assassination attempt from the Basque separatist group ETA.
Also in 1995 came a failed ETA car bombing attempt directed against José María Aznar, a conservative politician who was leader of the then-opposition Partido Popular (PP) and was shortly after elected to the presidency of the government; there was also an abortive attempt in Majorca on the life of King Juan Carlos I.

FAES

Foundation for Analysis and Social StudiesFoundation for Social Analysis and StudiesFundación para el Análisis y los Estudios Sociales
He is the president of Spanish think tank FAES and is a director of News Corporation.
The president of the association is former prime minister José María Aznar.

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero

ZapateroJose Luis Rodriguez ZapateroJosé Luis Zapatero
This led to a massive drop in support for the PP in the days before the election, and the opposing PSOE's José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero won the election.
The division became wider after the General Election of 1993, the last election won by the PSOE before José María Aznar's victory in 1996, when the bad results exacerbated the internal conflicts.

Junta of Castile and León

Junta de Castilla y Leónregional governmentVice President of Castile and León region
He led the Junta of Castile and León from 1987 to 1989 and was Leader of the Opposition at the national level from 1989 to 1996.

Leader of the Opposition (Spain)

Leader of the OppositionNo representationopposition
He led the Junta of Castile and León from 1987 to 1989 and was Leader of the Opposition at the national level from 1989 to 1996.

Manuel Aznar Zubigaray

Manuel Aznar
Aznar was born in Madrid in 1953, was the son of Manuel Aznar Acedo, army official, journalist and radio broadcaster, and grandson of Manuel Aznar Zubigaray, a former Basque nationalist broadcaster turned Falangist propagandist and a prominent journalist during the Franco era.
His grandson José María Aznar served as Prime Minister of Spain between 1996 and 2004.

News Corporation (1980–2013)

News CorporationNews Corp.NewsCorp
He is the president of Spanish think tank FAES and is a director of News Corporation.

Frente de Estudiantes Sindicalistas

A member of the Frente de Estudiantes Sindicalistas, a student organization in which a 16-years-old Aznar espoused an independent brand of Falangism, he obtained a law degree from the Complutense University of Madrid and his first job was in the public sector, specifically, as an Inspector of the Finances of the State (Inspector de las Finanzas del Estado).
José María Aznar, and Juan Diego were members of the organization.

Manuel Aznar Acedo

Manuel Aznar
Aznar was born in Madrid in 1953, was the son of Manuel Aznar Acedo, army official, journalist and radio broadcaster, and grandson of Manuel Aznar Zubigaray, a former Basque nationalist broadcaster turned Falangist propagandist and a prominent journalist during the Franco era.
He was married to Elvira López y Valdivieso and had four children, including politician José María Alfredo Aznar y López.

Politics of Spain

SpanishSpanish politicsSpanish politician
Aznar remains active in the private sector, and he sometimes gives his views on the politics of Spain.
It governed Spain under the prime ministership of José María Aznar from 1996 to 2004, and again from December 2011, and after much uncertainty caused by the inconclusive results of the 2015 general election and the 2016 election when the People's Party formed a minority government with confidence and supply support from conservative Ciudadanos (Cs) and the Canarian Coalition (CC), which passed due to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) abstaining.

Ana de Palacio y del Valle-Lersundi

Ana PalacioAna de PalacioAna Palacio Vallelersundi
However, the PP government continued to blame ETA even after evidence that the attacks may have been the work of an Islamist group emerged, having the Minister of Foreign Affairs Ana Palacio instruct all Spanish diplomats to place the blame on ETA at every opportunity.
Ana Isabel de Palacio y del Valle Lersundi (born 22 July 1948) in Madrid, daughter of Luis María de Palacio y de Palacio, 4th Marqués de Matonte, and wife Luisa Mariana del Valle Lersundi y del Valle, was Spain's Minister for Foreign Affairs in the People's Party (PP) government of José María Aznar from July 2002-March 2004.

Bush–Aznar memo

Bush-Aznar memopartial transcript of the meetingleaked transcript of the meeting
El País leaked a partial transcript of the meeting.
The Bush–Aznar memo is reportedly a documentation of a February 22, 2003 conversation in Crawford, Texas between US president George W. Bush, Prime Minister of Spain José María Aznar, National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, Daniel Fried, Alberto Carnero, and Javier Rupérez, the Spanish ambassador to the U.S. British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi participated by telephone.

Think tank

think-tankthink tanksthinktank
He is the president of Spanish think tank FAES and is a director of News Corporation.
Former Prime Minister José Maria Aznar presides over the Fundación para el Analisis y los Estudios Sociales (FAES), a policy institute that is associated with the conservative Popular Party (PP).

People's Alliance (Spain)

People's AllianceAPPopular Alliance
He joined the Popular Alliance, which was re-founded as the People's Party in 1989.
It was the ruling party from 1996 through 2004 under José María Aznar and from 2011 to 2018 under Mariano Rajoy.

European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation

He is also member of the European Advisory Panel of The European Business Awards and the European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation.

Friends of Israel Initiative

Friends of Israel
In 2010, Aznar founded the Friends of Israel Initiative, with the stated goal to "counter the attempts to delegitimize the State of Israel and its right to live in peace within safe and defensible borders".
The Friends of Israel Initiative (FOII) is an international effort, to "seek to counter the attempts to delegitimize the State of Israel and its right to live in peace within safe and defensible borders", initiated and led by former Prime Minister of Spain and People's Party leader José María Aznar in 2010.

Club of Madrid

Club de MadridThe Club of MadridPresident of the Club of Madrid
Aznar is a member of the Club de Madrid, an independent non-profit organization created to promote democracy and change in the international community, composed by more than 100 members: former democratic Heads of State and Government from around the world.