José Rizal

Jose RizalRizalDr. Jose RizalJose P. RizalDr. José RizalDr. Jose P. RizalJosé P. Rizalnational heroRizal DayDr. José P. Rizal
José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) was a Filipino nationalist and polymath during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines.wikipedia
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Polymath

Renaissance manpolyhistorHomo Universalis
José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) was a Filipino nationalist and polymath during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines.
Other Notable Polymath are : Jose Rizal, Avicenna, Hildegard of Bingen, Michael Servetus, Aristotle, Thomas Young (scientist), Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Ismail al-Jazari and Shem Kuo.]]

Propaganda Movement

propagandistFilipino propagandaPropaganda reform movement
An ophthalmologist by profession, Rizal became a writer and a key member of the Filipino Propaganda Movement which advocated political reforms for the colony under Spain.
Prominent members included José Rizal, author of Noli Me Tangere (novel) and El Filibusterismo, Graciano López Jaena, publisher of La Solidaridad, the movement's principal organ, Mariano Ponce, the organization's secretary and Marcelo H. del Pilar.

Laguna (province)

LagunaLaguna provinceLaguna, Philippines
José Rizal was born in 1861 to Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos in the town of Calamba in Laguna province.
Laguna is notable as the birthplace of Jose Rizal, the country's national hero.

Calamba, Laguna

CalambaCalamba CityCalamba City, Laguna
José Rizal was born in 1861 to Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos in the town of Calamba in Laguna province.
The City of Calamba is the hometown of the unofficial Philippine national hero, José Rizal.

National hero of the Philippines

national heronational heroesnational heroes of the Philippines
However, no law, executive order or proclamation has been enacted or issued officially proclaiming any Filipino historical figure as a national hero.
The reformist writer José Rizal, today generally considered the greatest Filipino hero and often given as the Philippine national hero, has never been explicitly proclaimed as the (or even a) national hero by the Philippine government.

Filipinos

FilipinoFilipinaFilipino people
Both their families had adopted the additional surnames of Rizal and Realonda in 1849, after Governor General Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa decreed the adoption of Spanish surnames among the Filipinos for census purposes (though they already had Spanish names).
Historian Ambeth Ocampo has suggested that the first documented use of the word to Filipino to refer to Indios was the Spanish-language poem A la juventud filipina, published in 1879 by José Rizal.

Francisco Rizal Mercado

Francisco MercadoFrancisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro
José Rizal was born in 1861 to Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos in the town of Calamba in Laguna province.
Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro (11 May 1818 – 5 January 1898) was the father of the Philippines’ national hero Jose Rizal.

Teodora Alonso Realonda

Teodora AlonsoTeodora AlonzoTeodora "Lolay" Alonso y Mercado
José Rizal was born in 1861 to Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos in the town of Calamba in Laguna province.
She was best known as the mother of the Philippines’ national hero Jose Rizal.

Philippine Revolution

revolutionPhilippine Revolution of 1896revolutionary
He was executed by the Spanish colonial government for the crime of rebellion after the Philippine Revolution, inspired in part by his writings, broke out.
Their execution had a profound effect on many Filipinos; José Rizal, the national hero, would dedicate his novel El filibusterismo to their memory.

Paciano Rizal

PacianoPaciano MercadoGen. Paciano Rizal
Upon enrolling at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, he dropped the last three names that made up his full name, on the advice of his brother, Paciano and the Mercado family, thus rendering his name as "José Protasio Rizal". Without his parents' knowledge and consent, but secretly supported by his brother Paciano, he traveled alone to Madrid, Spain in May 1882 and studied medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid where he earned the degree, Licentiate in Medicine.
Paciano Rizál Mercado y Alonso Realonda (March 9, 1851 – April 13, 1930) was a Filipino general and revolutionary, and the older brother of José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.

El filibusterismo

Juli
He was the author of the novels Noli Me Tángere and El filibusterismo, and a number of poems and essays.
El filibusterismo "; The Subversive or Subversion, as in the Locsín English translation, are also possible translations), also known by its English alternative title The Reign of Greed, is the second novel written by Philippine national hero José Rizal. It is the sequel to Noli me tangere and, like the first book, was written in Spanish. It was first published in 1891 in Ghent.

Complutense University of Madrid

Universidad Complutense de MadridUniversity of MadridComplutense University
Without his parents' knowledge and consent, but secretly supported by his brother Paciano, he traveled alone to Madrid, Spain in May 1882 and studied medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid where he earned the degree, Licentiate in Medicine.
Alumni include renowned philosophers (José Ortega y Gasset, Ignatius of Loyola, Thomas of Villanova), writers (Federico García Lorca, Antonio de Nebrija, Pedro Calderón de la Barca), scientists (Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Severo Ochoa, Andrés Manuel del Río, Ricardo Rubio), historians (Juan de Mariana, Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda), military leaders (Don John of Austria, Alexander Farnese, Cardinal Cisneros), foreign leaders (Cardinal Mazarin, José Rizal), and many Prime Ministers of Spain.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) was a Filipino nationalist and polymath during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines.
This would inspire a propaganda movement in Spain, organized by Marcelo H. del Pilar, José Rizal, and Mariano Ponce, lobbying for political reforms in the Philippines.

Filipino nationalism

Filipino nationalistPhilippine nationalismemergent nationalism
José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) was a Filipino nationalist and polymath during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines.
Through their writings and orations, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Graciano López Jaena and José Rizal sounded the trumpets of Filipino nationalism and brought it to the level of the masses.

Noli Me Tángere (novel)

Noli Me TangereNoli Me TángereCrisostomo Ibarra
He was the author of the novels Noli Me Tángere and El filibusterismo, and a number of poems and essays. They were Gertrude Beckett of Chalcot Crescent, Primrose Hill, Camden, London, wealthy and high-minded Nelly Boustead of the English and Iberian merchant family, last descendant of a noble Japanese family Seiko Usui (affectionately called O-Sei-san), his earlier friendship with Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, and eight-year romantic relationship with a distant cousin, Leonor Rivera (popularly thought to be the inspiration for the character of María Clara in Noli me tangere).
Noli Me Tángere () is an 1887 novel by José Rizal and Mark Merto, one of the national heroes of the Philippines during the colonization of the country by Spain, to describe perceived inequities of the Spanish Catholic priests and the ruling government.

Biñan

Biñan CityBiñan, LagunaBinan
Rizal first studied under Justiniano Aquino Cruz in Biñan, Laguna, before he was sent to Manila.
Historically, Biñan is nationally recognized in the books related to the biography of José Rizal, the country's national hero.

Tagalog people

TagalogTagalogsTagalas
On his mother's side, Rizal's ancestry included Chinese, Japanese and Tagalog blood.
Miguel de Unamuno described revolutionary leader José Rizal (1861–1896) as the "Tagalog Hamlet" and said of him “a soul that dreads the revolution although deep down desires it.

Gomburza

executionsFathers Burgos, Zamora, and Gomez,Fr. Jose P. Burgos
Of this, he later wrote: "My family never paid much attention [to our second surname Rizal], but now I had to use it, thus giving me the appearance of an illegitimate child!" This was to enable him to travel freely and disassociate him from his brother, who had gained notoriety with his earlier links to Filipino priests Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora (popularly known as Gomburza) who had been accused and executed for treason.
Their execution had a profound effect on many late 19th-century Filipinos; José Rizal, later to become the country's national hero, would dedicate his novel El Filibusterismo to their memory.

María Clara

Maria ClaraMaria Clara de los Santossweetheart
They were Gertrude Beckett of Chalcot Crescent, Primrose Hill, Camden, London, wealthy and high-minded Nelly Boustead of the English and Iberian merchant family, last descendant of a noble Japanese family Seiko Usui (affectionately called O-Sei-san), his earlier friendship with Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, and eight-year romantic relationship with a distant cousin, Leonor Rivera (popularly thought to be the inspiration for the character of María Clara in Noli me tangere).
María Clara, whose full name is María Clara de los Santos, is the mestiza heroine in Noli Me Tángere, a novel by José Rizal, the national hero of the Republic of the Philippines.

Leonor Rivera–Kipping

Leonor Rivera
They were Gertrude Beckett of Chalcot Crescent, Primrose Hill, Camden, London, wealthy and high-minded Nelly Boustead of the English and Iberian merchant family, last descendant of a noble Japanese family Seiko Usui (affectionately called O-Sei-san), his earlier friendship with Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, and eight-year romantic relationship with a distant cousin, Leonor Rivera (popularly thought to be the inspiration for the character of María Clara in Noli me tangere).
Leonor Rivera–Kipping (née Rivera y Bauzon; 11 April 1867 – 28 August 1893) was the childhood sweetheart, and “lover by correspondence” of Philippine national hero José Rizal.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
Rizal first studied under Justiniano Aquino Cruz in Biñan, Laguna, before he was sent to Manila.
Along with buildings for various government bureaus and departments, it would form a quadrangle with a lagoon in the center and a monument to José Rizal at the other end of the field.

Máximo Viola

Maximo ViolaDr. Maximo Viola
The writer, Maximo Viola, a friend of Rizal's, was alluding to Dumas's 1848 novel, La dame aux camelias, about a man who fell in love with a courtesan.
He is known as the best friend of Jose Rizal in Europe.

Josephine Bracken

In February 1895, Rizal, 33, met Josephine Bracken, an Irish woman from Hong Kong, when she accompanied her blind adoptive father, George Taufer, to have his eyes checked by Rizal.
Marie Josephine Leopoldine Bracken (October 3, 1876 – March 15, 1902) was the common-law wife of Philippine national hero José Rizal during his exile in Dapitan in the province of Zamboanga del Norte in the southern Philippines.

Baliuag, Bulacan

BaliuagBaliwagBaliwag, Bulacan
His mother's lineage can be traced to the affluent Florentina family of Chinese mestizo families originating in Baliuag, Bulacan.
He was a founding member of the Propaganda Movement together with José Rizal and Marcelo del Pilar; a former assemblyman of the second district of Bulacan to the Philippine Assembly; and the co-founder of La Solidaridad with fellow co-founder Graciano López-Jaena.

University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine and Surgery

Faculty of Medicine and SurgeryMedicineFaculty of Medicine & Surgery
Upon learning that his mother was going blind, he decided to switch to medicine at the medical school of Santo Tomas specializing later in ophthalmology.
Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines, enrolled in the Faculty to pursue foundational courses in medicine.