José de León Toral

José de León Toral (December 23, 1900 – February 9, 1929 in Mexico City) was an anti-government Roman Catholic who assassinated general Álvaro Obregón, then-president elect of Mexico, in 1928.wikipedia
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Álvaro Obregón

Alvaro ObregónAlvaro ObregonObregón
José de León Toral (December 23, 1900 – February 9, 1929 in Mexico City) was an anti-government Roman Catholic who assassinated general Álvaro Obregón, then-president elect of Mexico, in 1928.
Having pushed through constitutional reform to once again make reelection possible, Obregón won the 1928 election but was assassinated by José de León Toral, a Mexican offended by the government's anti-religious laws, before he could begin his second term.

Plutarco Elías Calles

Plutarco CallesPlutarco Elias CallesCalles
In 1920, he joined the National League for the Defense of Religious Freedom, which opposed the governments of Obregón (1920–1924) and Plutarco Elías Calles and reportedly was also involved in the Cristero movement.
President-elect Obregón was murdered by José de León Toral, a Catholic militant, before he could assume power.

Mexico City

Federal DistrictMexico City, MexicoDistrito Federal
José de León Toral (December 23, 1900 – February 9, 1929 in Mexico City) was an anti-government Roman Catholic who assassinated general Álvaro Obregón, then-president elect of Mexico, in 1928. He moved to Mexico City during the Mexican Revolution and witnessed the then-Constitutionalist general Obregón closing churches and arresting priests who were suspected of supporting former president Victoriano Huerta.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
José de León Toral (December 23, 1900 – February 9, 1929 in Mexico City) was an anti-government Roman Catholic who assassinated general Álvaro Obregón, then-president elect of Mexico, in 1928.

President of Mexico

PresidentMexican PresidentPresident of the Republic
José de León Toral (December 23, 1900 – February 9, 1929 in Mexico City) was an anti-government Roman Catholic who assassinated general Álvaro Obregón, then-president elect of Mexico, in 1928.

Matehuala

Matehuala, San Luis PotosíMatehuala, San Luis Potosi
León Toral was born in Matehuala, San Luis Potosí, into a family of Catholic miners.

San Luis Potosí

San Luis PotosiS.L.P.San Luís Potosí
León Toral was born in Matehuala, San Luis Potosí, into a family of Catholic miners.

Mexican Revolution

RevolutionrevolutionaryMexican Civil War
He moved to Mexico City during the Mexican Revolution and witnessed the then-Constitutionalist general Obregón closing churches and arresting priests who were suspected of supporting former president Victoriano Huerta.

Victoriano Huerta

HuertaHuertistaGeneral Huerta
He moved to Mexico City during the Mexican Revolution and witnessed the then-Constitutionalist general Obregón closing churches and arresting priests who were suspected of supporting former president Victoriano Huerta.

National League for the Defense of Religious Liberty

CristerosNational League for the Defense of Religious FreedomLa Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad Religiosa
In 1920, he joined the National League for the Defense of Religious Freedom, which opposed the governments of Obregón (1920–1924) and Plutarco Elías Calles and reportedly was also involved in the Cristero movement.

Cristero War

CristeroCristerosCristero Rebellion
In 1920, he joined the National League for the Defense of Religious Freedom, which opposed the governments of Obregón (1920–1924) and Plutarco Elías Calles and reportedly was also involved in the Cristero movement.
Two weeks after his election Obregón was assassinated by a Catholic radical, José de León Toral, an event that gravely damaged the peace process.

Calles Law

anticlerical stancehis own anti-clerical legislation
During the Calles administration, oppression against the Catholic Church greatly expanded in 1926 under the Calles Law, which provided severe penalties for priests and individuals who violated the provisions of the 1917 Constitution.

Mexican peso

pesosMXNpeso
For instance, wearing clerical garb in public (outside Church buildings) earned a fine of 500 pesos (approximately $250 US at the time); a priest who criticized the government could be imprisoned for five years, with no right to trial by jury.

Chihuahua (state)

ChihuahuaChihuahua, Mexicostate of Chihuahua
Chihuahua enacted a law permitting only a single priest to serve the entire Catholic congregation of the state.

Puppet state

puppet governmentpuppetpuppet regime
Obregón had been more lenient to Catholics during his time in office, but the Cristeros and almost everyone else believed that Calles was his puppet leader.

Miguel Pro

Miguel Agustín ProBlessed Miguel ProMiguel Agustín Pro Juárez
In 1927, two of León Toral's friends Humberto and Miguel Pro were executed after having been wrongly convicted of plotting to assassinate Obregón.

San Ángel

San AngelAltavista 147Valle de Oploca
On 17 July 1928, two weeks after Obregón had been re-elected president, León Toral entered disguised as a caricaturist to La Bombilla, a restaurant in San Ángel, during a banquet organized to honor General Obregón.

Aarón Sáenz Garza

Aarón SáenzAaronAaron Saenz
He made a caricature of Obregón, an orchestra director, and Aarón Sáenz and showed them to Obregón, who told him the drawing had good likeness and suggested he continue.

Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

Chamber of Deputiesfederal deputyCongress of the Union
Mother Conchita was also arrested and received a 20-year prison sentence but was pardoned after serving 13 and eventually married Carlos Castro Balda, a bomber of the Mexican Chamber of Deputies.

Execution by firing squad

firing squadexecuted by firing squaddeath by firing squad
León Toral was sentenced to death and executed by firing squad in February 1929.

November 1928

*José de León Toral was sentenced to death by firing squad.