Josef Terboven

TerbovenJosef Antonius Heinrich TerbovenTERBOVEN, Josef Antonius Heinrich
Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar for Norway during the German occupation of Norway and the Quisling regime.wikipedia
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Norway

NorwegianKingdom of NorwayNOR
Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar for Norway during the German occupation of Norway and the Quisling regime.
Real power was wielded by the leader of the German occupation authority, Reichskommissar Josef Terboven.

German occupation of Norway

occupation of Norway by Nazi Germanyoccupied NorwayGerman occupation
Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar for Norway during the German occupation of Norway and the Quisling regime.
The council was abolished on 20 September 1940, when Reichskommissar Josef Terboven took over power by forming his own cabinet.

Reichskommissar

Reich CommissionerReichskommissar in NorwayReich Commissioner for the occupied Dutch territories
Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar for Norway during the German occupation of Norway and the Quisling regime.

Quisling regime

governmentNational GovernmentQuisling government
Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar for Norway during the German occupation of Norway and the Quisling regime. Terboven nevertheless remained in ultimate charge of Norway until the end of the war in 1945, even after the proclamation of a Norwegian puppet regime under Vidkun Quisling, the Quisling government.
Actual executive power was retained by the Reichskommissariat Norwegen, headed by Josef Terboven.

Vidkun Quisling

QuislingQuisling, Vidkunfører
Terboven nevertheless remained in ultimate charge of Norway until the end of the war in 1945, even after the proclamation of a Norwegian puppet regime under Vidkun Quisling, the Quisling government.
From 1942 to 1945 he served as Prime Minister of Norway, heading the Norwegian state administration jointly with the German civilian administrator Josef Terboven.

Martial law in Trondheim in 1942

martial lawMartial law is declared in Trondheimextrajudicial executions
From 1941, he increasingly focused on crushing the irregular military resistance against the Germans, declaring martial law in Trondheim in 1942, and ordering the destruction of Telavåg.
Josef Terboven, the German Reichskommissar for the occupation of Norway, arrived by train in Trondheim on October 5.

Gau Essen

Essenthere in 1928
Terboven helped establish the party in Essen and became Gauleiter there in 1928.
The position of Gauleiter in Essen was held by Josef Terboven throughout the history of the Gau.

Festung Norwegen

Atlantic wallplans to make Norway the last bastion of the Third Reich
As the tide of the war turned against Germany, Terboven's personal aspiration was to organise a "Fortress Norway" (Festung Norwegen) for the Nazi regime's last stand.
Some, including Reichskommissar Josef Terboven, thought that these fortifications would serve effectively as a last perimeter of defense of the Third Reich in the event of Allied victory on the continent.

Beisfjord massacre

Prison camps in North Norway during World War TwoBeisfjord campChristie's reaction to the Beisfjord Massacre
On 18 July 1942 the Beisfjord massacre occurred.
The massacre had been ordered a few days earlier by the Reichskommissar for Norway Josef Terboven.

Skaugum

Skaugum EstateSkaugum Manor
He moved into the Norwegian crown prince's residence at Skaugum in September 1940 and made his headquarters in Stortinget (the Norwegian parliament buildings).
During the Nazi occupation of Norway, SS-General Wilhelm Rediess resided at Skaugum for a short period while Reichskommissar Josef Terboven later would make the estate his official residence in June 1940.

Telavåg

TælavågTelavåg Tragedy
From 1941, he increasingly focused on crushing the irregular military resistance against the Germans, declaring martial law in Trondheim in 1942, and ordering the destruction of Telavåg.
Reichskommissar Josef Terboven personally oversaw the Nazi reprisal, which was quick and brutal.

Falstad concentration camp

FalstadFalstad Centre
Terboven also planned concentration camps in Norway, establishing Falstad concentration camp near Levanger and Bredtvet concentration camp in Oslo in late 1941.
Within the command structure of the German occupying authorities in Norway, Falstad came under the civilian authority of Reichskommissar Josef Terboven through Wilhelm Rediess, who was in charge of all German police, including the SS and Gestapo, and Heinrich Fehlis, who was "Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienst," conveniently abbreviated to BdS.

Puppet state

puppet governmentpuppetpuppet regime
Terboven nevertheless remained in ultimate charge of Norway until the end of the war in 1945, even after the proclamation of a Norwegian puppet regime under Vidkun Quisling, the Quisling government.

Reichskommissariat Norwegen

NorwayReichskommissarGerman occupation authorities
It was governed by Reichskommissar Josef Terboven until his deposition on 7 May 1945.

The Heroes of Telemark

Heroes of Telemark
In the 1965 film The Heroes of Telemark, Josef Terboven was played by English actor Eric Porter.

Wilhelm Rediess

He died alongside the body of Obergruppenführer Wilhelm Rediess, SS and Police Leader and commander of all SS troops in Norway, who had shot himself earlier.
Following the German invasion of Norway, Rediess was transferred there to work with Reichskommissar Josef Terboven.

Eric Porter

In the 1965 film The Heroes of Telemark, Josef Terboven was played by English actor Eric Porter.

Nazi Party

NSDAPNazisNazi
Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar for Norway during the German occupation of Norway and the Quisling regime.

Essen

Essen, GermanyAltenessenEssen-Kray
Terboven (from the Dutch ter Boven) was born in Essen, Germany, as the son of minor landed gentry of Dutch descent.

Landed gentry

landownergentrylanded
Terboven (from the Dutch ter Boven) was born in Essen, Germany, as the son of minor landed gentry of Dutch descent.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
Terboven (from the Dutch ter Boven) was born in Essen, Germany, as the son of minor landed gentry of Dutch descent.

Artillery

heavy artilleryordnanceartillery piece
He served in the German field artillery and nascent air force in World War I and was awarded the Iron Cross, rising to the rank of lieutenant.

Luftstreitkräfte

LuftstreitkrafteImperial German Air ServiceFliegertruppe
He served in the German field artillery and nascent air force in World War I and was awarded the Iron Cross, rising to the rank of lieutenant.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
He served in the German field artillery and nascent air force in World War I and was awarded the Iron Cross, rising to the rank of lieutenant.