Joseph Arch

Joseph Arch (10 November 1826 โ€“ 12 February 1919) was an English politician, born in Barford, Warwickshire who played a key role in unionising agricultural workers and in championing their welfare.wikipedia
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Barford, Warwickshire

Barford
Joseph Arch (10 November 1826 โ€“ 12 February 1919) was an English politician, born in Barford, Warwickshire who played a key role in unionising agricultural workers and in championing their welfare.
Joseph Arch (1826-1919), first president of the National Agricultural Labourers Union and Liberal MP. One of the two pubs in Barford is named after him.

Wellesbourne

Wellesbourne HallWellesbourne HastingsWellesbourne, Warwickshire
Called to address an initial meeting held on 7 February in the Stag's Head public house in Wellesbourne, Arch had been expecting an attendance of fewer than thirty.
Perhaps the most significant event in Wellesbourne's history was the founding in 1872 of the National Agricultural Labourers Union by Joseph Arch โ€“ an event once celebrated by an annual parade, which it was hoped to be revived in 2010.

National Agricultural Labourers Union

NALU
Then on Good Friday, 29 March 1872, farm workers from all parts of South Warwickshire met in Leamington to form the Warwickshire Agricultural Labourers Union and after agitation up and down the country, the National Agricultural Labourers Union was established on 29 May with Arch as its president.
Joseph Arch, a well-known labourer and Methodist preacher, addressed a meeting which was to have been held in the Stags Head pub.

National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers

AgriculturalNational Union of Agricultural WorkersNational Agricultural Labourers and Rural Workers Union
Later lock-outs of union members by farm owners became widespread and the union finally collapsed in 1896, although it was replaced a decade later by the National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers in 1906.
The first three branches of the union were in Norfolk at St Faith's (former stronghold of Joseph Arch's old National Agricultural Labourers Union) and Kenninghall and Shipham.

North West Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)

North West NorfolkNorfolk North WestNorfolk, North West
In the ensuing 1885 General Election, Arch was returned as the Liberal Party MP for North West Norfolk, the first agricultural labourer to enter the House of Commons.

Lord Henry Cavendish-Bentinck

Henry Cavendish-BentinckLord Henry Bentinck
He entered Parliament for Norfolk North-West in 1886, defeating Joseph Arch, a seat he lost in 1892, when Arch reclaimed the seat.

England

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Joseph Arch (10 November 1826 โ€“ 12 February 1919) was an English politician, born in Barford, Warwickshire who played a key role in unionising agricultural workers and in championing their welfare.

Trade union

unionlabor uniontrade unionist
Joseph Arch (10 November 1826 โ€“ 12 February 1919) was an English politician, born in Barford, Warwickshire who played a key role in unionising agricultural workers and in championing their welfare.

Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of Parliament
Following their enfranchisement, he became a Member of Parliament.

Daisy Greville, Countess of Warwick

Countess of WarwickDaisy GrevilleDaisy
These were later described by the Countess of Warwick in the introduction she wrote to his autogiography.

Primitive Methodist Church

Primitive MethodistPrimitive MethodistsPrimitive
He also became a Primitive Methodist preacher but was discriminated against in the village by the parson and his wife, with whom his family had always been at odds.

Radicalism (historical)

radicalRadicalismradicals
During this period he educated himself politically from old newspapers and became a supporter of Liberalism.

Leamington Spa

LeamingtonRoyal Leamington SpaLeamington Spa, Warwickshire
Then on Good Friday, 29 March 1872, farm workers from all parts of South Warwickshire met in Leamington to form the Warwickshire Agricultural Labourers Union and after agitation up and down the country, the National Agricultural Labourers Union was established on 29 May with Arch as its president.

Canada

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆCanadianCAN
In 1873 he was invited over by the Canadian government and examined the suitability of the country for British emigration.

Representation of the People Act 1884

Third Reform Act18841884 Reform Act
Arch also turned to agitating for the widening of the voting franchise, which until then only included property owners, and this resulted in the passing of the 1884 Parliamentary Reform Act.

1885 United Kingdom general election

1885 general election1885general election of 1885
In the ensuing 1885 General Election, Arch was returned as the Liberal Party MP for North West Norfolk, the first agricultural labourer to enter the House of Commons.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
In the ensuing 1885 General Election, Arch was returned as the Liberal Party MP for North West Norfolk, the first agricultural labourer to enter the House of Commons.

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
Losing his seat with William Gladstoneโ€™s defeat in June 1886, he was re-elected to the same constituency in 1892, when he was one of twelve labouring class MPs in parliament.

1886 United Kingdom general election

18861886 general election1886 election
Losing his seat with William Gladstoneโ€™s defeat in June 1886, he was re-elected to the same constituency in 1892, when he was one of twelve labouring class MPs in parliament.

1892 United Kingdom general election

18921892 general election1892 election
Losing his seat with William Gladstoneโ€™s defeat in June 1886, he was re-elected to the same constituency in 1892, when he was one of twelve labouring class MPs in parliament.

The Spectator

SpectatorThe Spectator AustraliaRowan Dean
In 1898, Arch published a pugnacious and opinionated autobiography, upon which The Spectator commented at the start of its long review that "One cannot help wishing that this book were more of an autobiography, and less of a polemic against Mr. Arch's adversaries, political and social. Retiring from Parliament before the 1900 General Election, Arch returned to his home in Barford, where he continued to live until his death nineteen years later.

Museum of English Rural Life

East Thorpe House
The Museum of English Rural Life has an archive with holdings relating to Arch which include personal diaries and ledgers and the Union collecting boxes.