Joseph Karo

Artistic conception of Karo's appearance. Painting of 19th century
Synagogue of Maran, R. Joseph Karo, in Safed
Karo's grave in Safed
Title page of Karo's Shulchan Aruch

The author of the last great codification of Jewish law, the Beit Yosef, and its popular analogue, the Shulchan Arukh.

- Joseph Karo

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Beit Yosef (book)

Title of the romanized Hebrew newspaper ha Savuja ha Palestini, shows part of the romanization method of Itamar Ben-Avi. 1929.

Beit Yosef (בית יוסף) (also transliterated Beth Yosef), written by Rabbi Joseph Karo, is a long and detailed commentary on the Arba'ah Turim ("Tur") by Jacob ben Asher.

Shulchan Aruch

Most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism.

It was authored in Safed (today in Israel) by Joseph Karo in 1563 and published in Venice two years later.


Month of the barley ripening and first month of spring.

Assyrians celebrating Mesopotamian New Year (Akitu) year 6769 (April 1st 2019) in Nohadra (Duhok), Iraq

13 Nisan (1575) – Death of Joseph Caro, author of the Shulchan Aruch.

Moshe Alshich

Prominent rabbi, preacher, and biblical commentator in the latter part of the sixteenth century.

Alshich's grave in Safed

He later moved to Safed where he became a student of Rabbi Joseph Caro.

Orach Chayim

Section of Rabbi Jacob ben Asher's compilation of Halakha (Jewish law), Arba'ah Turim.

Orach Chayim book of 1817/1818 published from the collection of the "Mezhybizh" State Reserve (Ukraine)

Rabbi Yosef Karo modeled the framework of the Shulkhan Arukh (שולחן ערוך), his own compilation of practical Jewish law, after the Arba'ah Turim. Many later commentators used this framework, as well.

Hayyim ben Joseph Vital

Rabbi in Safed and the foremost disciple of Isaac Luria.

Issue 9198 of The London Gazette, covering the calendar change in Great Britain. The issue spans the changeover: the date heading reads: "From Tuesday September 1, O.S. to Saturday September 16, N.S. 1752".

Joseph Karo is said to have paid special attention to Vital's early talents and in 1557 requested that Alshich take special care in his education as he was destined to succeed his teacher in the world of Torah study.

Moses Isserles

Commonly known by the Hebrew acronym for Rabbi Moses Isserles, "Rema" .

Moses Isserles (Artist's rendering)
The Rema's tombstone at the Remuh Cemetery, Kraków

He became a world-renowned scholar and was approached by many other well-known rabbis, including Yosef Karo, for Halachic decisions.

Nikopol, Bulgaria

Town in northern Bulgaria, the administrative center of Nikopol Municipality, part of Pleven Province, on the right bank of the Danube river, 4 km downstream from the Danube’s confluence with the Osam river.

Capitulation of Nikopol fortress, July 4, 1877
The medieval Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Nikopol
View of the Danube at Nikopol in winter
Entrance gate to the Nikopol Fortress
Nikopol Fortress plan
Overhead view of Nikopol, northern Bulgaria. - Панорамен изглед от Нико̀пол.

Joseph Karo, lived in Nikopol from 1523 to 1536


Honorific title for exceptionally respected rabbis who are considered influential teachers and leaders.

Mi-rareta (Sonkeigo)

The most common use of the term is in reference to "Maran Beth Yosef", Yosef Karo.


Medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher who became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars of the Middle Ages.

Imaginary 18th-century depiction of Maimonides
The dominion of the Almohad Caliphate at its greatest extent, c. 1200
Maimonides' house in Fez, Morocco
Monument in Córdoba
Bas relief of Maimonides in the United States House of Representatives.
The Tomb of Maimonides in Tiberias
Depiction of Maimonides teaching students about the 'measure of man' in an illuminated manuscript.
The title page of The Guide for the Perplexed
Plaque of Maimonides at Rambam Medical Center, Haifa
Manuscript page by Maimonides. Judeo-Arabic language in Hebrew letters.
The original manuscript of the Commentary on the Mishnah, handwritten by Musa bin Maymun in Judeo-Arabic in a Rashi script.

Joseph Karo later praised Maimonides, writing of him, "Maimonides is the greatest of the decisors [of Jewish law], and all communities of the Land of Israel and of Arabia and of the Maghreb base their practices after him, and have taken him upon themselves as their rabbi."