Joseph Murray

Joseph E. MurrayJoseph Edward Murray, MD
Joseph Edward Murray (April 1, 1919 – November 26, 2012) was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954.wikipedia
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E. Donnall Thomas

Donnall ThomasDon ThomasDonnall Thomas, MD
Murray shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 with E. Donnall Thomas for their discoveries concerning "organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease."
In 1990 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Joseph E. Murray for the development of cell and organ transplantation.

Milford High School (Massachusetts)

Milford High Schoolhigh school
A star athlete at the Milford High School, he excelled in football, ice hockey, and baseball.

Milford, Massachusetts

MilfordMilford, MAMilford, Mass
Murray was born to William A. and Mary (née DePasquale) Murray, and grew up in Milford, Massachusetts.

Richard Herrick

RichardRonald Lee Herrick
Joseph Edward Murray (April 1, 1919 – November 26, 2012) was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954.
Richard J. Herrick (June 15, 1931 – March 14, 1963) was the world's first recipient of a successful human organ transplant, receiving a kidney from his identical twin brother Ronald, in an operation performed by Joseph Murray, Hartwell Harrison, and Joseph Merrill in 1954.

J. Hartwell Harrison

J. Hartwell Harrison, M.D.John Hartwell Harrison, M.D.
He was assisted by Dr. J. Hartwell Harrison and other noted physicians.
Harrison, Joseph E. Murray, John P. Merrill, and others achieved the first successful kidney transplant, between identical twins Ronald and Richard Herrick, on December 23, 1954, at the Brigham Hospital.

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Peter Bent Brigham HospitalBrigham and Women’s HospitalBrigham & Women's Hospital
After graduating with his medical degree, Murray began his internship at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital.
In 1954, the Peter Bent Brigham hospital became the location for the first ever successful kidney transplant, performed by Joseph Murray, on Richard Herrick.

Kidney transplantation

kidney transplantrenal transplantationrenal transplant
Joseph Edward Murray (April 1, 1919 – November 26, 2012) was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954.
The Boston transplantation, performed on December 23, 1954 at Brigham Hospital, was performed by Joseph Murray, J. Hartwell Harrison, John P. Merrill and others.

Boston Children's Hospital

Children's Hospital BostonBoston Children’s HospitalChildren's Hospital
He also served as chief plastic surgeon at Children's Hospital Boston from 1972–85, retiring as professor of Surgery Emeritus in 1986 from Harvard Medical School.
Dr. Joseph Murray, chief plastic surgeon at Children's Hospital Boston from 1972 to 1985 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 for his research on immunosuppression, specifically his "discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease".

Organ transplantation

organ transplanttransplanttransplantation
Joseph Murray and J. Hartwell Harrison performed the first successful transplant, a kidney transplant between identical twins, in 1954, because no immunosuppression was necessary for genetically identical individuals.

Pontifical Academy of Sciences

Pontifical Academy of SciencePontificial Academy of SciencesAcademia Pontífica de Ciencias
In 1996, he was appointed Academician of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican.

Twin

identical twintwinsfraternal twin
Joseph Edward Murray (April 1, 1919 – November 26, 2012) was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Nobel PrizeNobel Prize in MedicineMedicine
Murray shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 with E. Donnall Thomas for their discoveries concerning "organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease."

College of the Holy Cross

Holy CrossHoly Cross CollegeThe College of the Holy Cross
Upon graduation, Murray attended the College of the Holy Cross intending to play baseball; however, baseball practices and lab schedules conflicted; forcing him to give up baseball.
In the sciences, Holy Cross also has several notable alumni, including Joseph Murray, winner of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Medicine; immunologist Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID); and MacArthur Foundation "genius" bioengineer Jim Collins.

Harvard Medical School

Harvard University Medical SchoolHarvardHarvard School of Medicine
He also served as chief plastic surgeon at Children's Hospital Boston from 1972–85, retiring as professor of Surgery Emeritus in 1986 from Harvard Medical School. Murray later attended Harvard Medical School.

Peter Bent Brigham

Robert Breck Brigham
After graduating with his medical degree, Murray began his internship at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital.

Valley Forge General Hospital

Valley Forge Army HospitalValley Forge HospitalWalson Army Hospital
He served in the plastic surgery unit at Valley Forge General Hospital in Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania

PACommonwealth of PennsylvaniaPa.
He served in the plastic surgery unit at Valley Forge General Hospital in Pennsylvania.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
His unit cared for thousands of soldiers wounded on the battlefields of World War II, working to reconstruct their disfigured hands and faces.

Allotransplantation

allograftallogeneicallografts
In 1959, Murray went on to perform the world's first successful allograft and, in 1962, the world's first cadaveric renal transplant.

Immunosuppressive drug

immunosuppressantcalcineurin inhibitorimmunosuppressive drugs
In the 1960s, top scientists investigating immunosuppressive drugs sought to work with Murray.

Azathioprine

ImuranAzahexalAzasan
Together, they tailored the new drug Imuran (generic azathioprine) for use in transplants.

Prednisone

(P)'''rednisonePediapredBetapar
The discovery of Imuran and other anti-rejection drugs, such as prednisone, allowed Murray to carry out transplants from unrelated donors.

American College of Surgeons

FACSJournal of the American College of SurgeonsF.A.C.S.
Murray was elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences and as a regent of the American College of Surgeons.

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

American Academy of Arts & SciencesFellow of the American Academy of Arts and SciencesThe American Academy of Arts and Sciences
He received the American Surgical Association's Medal for Distinguished Service to Surgery, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences' Francis Amory Prize, the American Association of Plastic Surgeons' Honorary Award and Clinician of the Year Award, and the National Kidney Foundation's Gift of Life Award.