Joseph Sturge

Joseph
Joseph Sturge (1793 – 14 May 1859) was an English Quaker, abolitionist and activist.wikipedia
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Free Villages

Free VillageThe Free Village System
In Jamaica, Sturge also helped found Free Villages with the Baptists, to provide living quarters for freed slaves; one was named "Sturge Town" in his memory.
Starting in the 1830s, in anticipation of emancipation from slavery, the Jamaican Baptist congregations, deacons and ministers pioneered the Caribbean concept of Free Villages with the English Quaker abolitionist Joseph Sturge.

Edmund Sturge

J.& E. SturgeJohn and Edmund SturgeSturge
His brothers included John Sturge, who became a manufacturer in Birmingham, and Edmund Sturge.
His older brother, Joseph Sturge (1793–1859), was active in the anti-slavery movement.

Charles Gilpin (politician)

Charles GilpinMr CS Gilpin MP
The abolitionist Sophia Sturge (1795–1845) was his sister, and Charles Gilpin was a nephew.
He was born at Bristol on 31 March 1815, eldest of six surviving sons (there were seven daughters) of James Gilpin (1780–1855) and Mary Gilpin (born Sturge, 1789–1842), a sister of Joseph and Edmund Sturge.

Anti-Slavery Society

British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Societyanti-slaveryanti-slavery movement
He founded the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (now Anti-Slavery International).
The latter group, including Joseph Sturge and many others, publicly campaigned throughout Britain.

World Anti-Slavery Convention

World's Anti-Slavery ConventionAnti-Slavery Convention1840 Anti-Slavery convention
The Society's first major activity was to organise the World's Anti-Slavery Convention.
It was organised by the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, largely on the initiative of the English Quaker Joseph Sturge.

Abolitionism

abolitionistabolition of slaveryabolitionists
As an abolitionist, he was allied in 1831 with George Stephen in pressing Parliament for immediate legislation against slavery.
In 1839, the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society was formed by Joseph Sturge, which attempted to outlaw slavery worldwide and also to pressure the government to help enforce the suppression of the slave trade by declaring slave traders pirates.

Anti-Slavery International

British and Foreign Anti-Slavery SocietyAnti-Slavery and Aborigines Protection SocietyAnti-Slavery and Aborigines' Protection Society
He founded the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (now Anti-Slavery International).
In 1839, English activist Joseph Sturge formed a successor organisation, British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (today known as Anti-Slavery International), which worked to outlaw slavery in other countries.

Slavery

slaveslavesenslaved
He worked throughout his life in Radical political actions supporting pacifism, working-class rights, and the universal emancipation of slaves.
In 1839, the world's oldest international human rights organization, Anti-Slavery International, was formed in Britain by Joseph Sturge, which campaigned to outlaw slavery in other countries.

Elberton, Gloucestershire

ElbertonElberton, South Gloucestershire
He was the fourth child in the family of 12 of Joseph Sturge, a farmer in Elberton, Gloucestershire, and his wife Mary Marshall, who belonged to the Religious Society of Friends (commonly known as Quakers).
Elberton was the birthplace of the Quaker anti-slavery campaigner Joseph Sturge.

Morning Star (London newspaper)

Morning StarLondon Morning StarMorning Star'' (London newspaper)
He was instrumental in the founding of the Morning Star in 1855 as a newspaper through which to promote the Peace Society and his other social ideas.
It had substantial support from Joseph Sturge.

Samuel Fox (1781–1868)

Samuel FoxSamuel
In Nottingham he visited a Sunday School run by Samuel Fox.
In 1842, Joseph Sturge visited Nottingham, as he was local parliamentary candidate.

Joseph Sturge memorial

memorial to Joseph Sturge
The Joseph Sturge memorial by sculptor John Thomas was unveiled on 4 June 1862 at Five Ways.
A memorial to the English Quaker, abolitionist and activist Joseph Sturge (1793–1859) was unveiled before a crowd of 12,000 people on 4 June 1862 at Five Ways, Birmingham, England, near his former home.

Peace Society

London Peace SocietySociety for the Promotion of Permanent and Universal Peacepeace societies
He was instrumental in the founding of the Morning Star in 1855 as a newspaper through which to promote the Peace Society and his other social ideas. The Peace Congress took place 22–24 June 1843, and formally was the responsibility of the London Peace Society.

Thomas Sturge

Joseph Sturge was a cousin of shipowner and philanthropist Thomas Sturge.
He was a first cousin of social reformer and philanthropist Joseph Sturge.

Richard Spooner (MP)

Richard SpoonerRichard
He was strongly supported at the election hustings, split the liberal vote, but ultimately came bottom of the poll: Richard Spooner [Cons] 2095, William Scholefield [Lib] 1735 and Sturge [Chartist] 346).
However, the Liberal/Radical vote was split when a third candidate, Joseph Sturge, entered the contest.

Henry Richard

Richard
Sturge took up the cause of peace and arbitration being pioneered by Henry Richard.

Robert Charleton

Robert Charleton (minister)
In 1854 Sturge and two other Quakers, Robert Charleton and Henry Pease, travelled to St Petersburg to see Tzar Nicholas I, trying to prevent the outbreak of the Crimean War.
He was a member of the Peace Society and was part of a peace delegation (1854) with Joseph Sturge and Henry Pease that went to St Petersburg to attempt to head off the Crimea War to present an address to the Emperor Nicholas at St. Petersburg against the war.

Edgbaston

Edgbaston, BirminghamEgbastonBirmingham
Sturge died at Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 14 May 1859.

Abolitionism in the United Kingdom

abolitionistabolition of slaveryabolition
He worked throughout his life in Radical political actions supporting pacifism, working-class rights, and the universal emancipation of slaves. Joseph Sturge (1793 – 14 May 1859) was an English Quaker, abolitionist and activist.

Political radicalism

radicalradicalismradical politics
He worked throughout his life in Radical political actions supporting pacifism, working-class rights, and the universal emancipation of slaves.

Pacifism

pacifistpacifistspacifistic
He worked throughout his life in Radical political actions supporting pacifism, working-class rights, and the universal emancipation of slaves.

Working class

working-classlower classworkers
He worked throughout his life in Radical political actions supporting pacifism, working-class rights, and the universal emancipation of slaves.

Jamaica

JAMJamaicanJamaica, West Indies
In the late 1830s, he published two books about the apprenticeship system in Jamaica, which helped persuade the British Parliament to adopt an earlier full emancipation date.

Quakers

QuakerSociety of FriendsReligious Society of Friends
He was the fourth child in the family of 12 of Joseph Sturge, a farmer in Elberton, Gloucestershire, and his wife Mary Marshall, who belonged to the Religious Society of Friends (commonly known as Quakers). Joseph Sturge (1793 – 14 May 1859) was an English Quaker, abolitionist and activist.

Birmingham

Birmingham, United KingdomBirmingham, EnglandCity of Birmingham
His brothers included John Sturge, who became a manufacturer in Birmingham, and Edmund Sturge. Sturge died at Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 14 May 1859.