Joshua Falk

Woman at the tombstone of Joshua Falk in the Old Jewish cemetery in Lwow (1920s).

Polish Halakhist and Talmudist, best known as the author of the Drisha and Prisha commentaries on the Arba'ah Turim as well as Sefer Me'irat Enayim (סמ"ע) on Shulkhan Arukh. His name also occurs as the Hebrew acronyms רפ"כ ("RaFaC") ("Rabbi Falk Cohen"), מהרו"כ ("Ma-HaRWaC") ("Morenu ha-Rav Walk Cohen"), and מהר"י כ"ץ (MaHaRY KTz Morenu ha-Rav Joshua Katz).

- Joshua Falk

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Solomon Luria

One of the great Ashkenazic poskim (decisors of Jewish law) and teachers of his time.

Solomon Luria
Grave of Solomon Luria (right), Old Jewish Cemetery, Lublin

Students in the yeshiva included Joshua Falk.

Arba'ah Turim

Important Halakhic code composed by Yaakov ben Asher (Cologne, 1270 – Toledo, Spain c. 1340, also referred to as Ba'al Ha-Turim).

An illuminated manuscript of Arba'ah Turim from 1435.
A 1565 edition of Even Ha'ezer, the third part of Arba'ah Turim

Other commentaries are Bayit Chadash by rabbi Joel Sirkis, Darkhei Moshe by Moses Isserles, Beit Yisrael (Perishah u-Derishah) by rabbi Joshua Falk, as well as works by a number of other Acharonim.

Meir Lublin

Polish rabbi, Talmudist and Posek ("decisor of Jewish law").

Responsa of Meir Lublin

(In Lemberg he was engaged in a controversy with Rabbi Joshua Falk concerning a bill of divorce.) In 1613 he became rabbi at Lublin and established a yeshiva.

Joshua Höschel ben Joseph

Polish rabbi born in Vilnius, Lithuania about 1578 and died in Kraków on August 16, 1648.

Rabbi instructing children in 2004

He returned to his native country, and continued his Talmudic studies in the city of Włodzimierz (Volodymyr, Volhynia) under Rabbi Joshua Falk.

Shmita

Seventh year of the seven-year agricultural cycle mandated by the Torah in the Land of Israel and is observed in Judaism.

Shmita placard in a agriculture field (in the year 5782)
Field left uncultivated in observance of the shmita year, near Rosh Ha'ayin (2007)
Proclamation of Chief Rabbi, Rav Avraham Yitzchak HaKohen Kook, Regarding The Importance of Shemitah Observance, and collecting for a communal fund to support those who observe shmita without compromise.

Rabbi Joshua Falk, author of Sefer Me'irat Einayim on Choshen Mishpat, holds that Shmita nowadays is only a rabbinic obligation, and, subsequently, the biblical promise of bounty for those who observe the Shmita (Leviticus 25:20–22 ) only applies when the biblical obligation is in effect, and hence that the biblical promise of bounty is not in effect today.

Falk (name)

Given name and surname cognate with the word falcon.

Joshua Falk (Joshua ben Alexander ha-Kohen Falk) (1555–1614), author of commentaries on the Arba'ah Turim and Shulkhan Arukh

Abraham Rapoport

Polish Talmudist; born at Lemberg (currently Lviv, Ukraine) in 1584; died in 1651 (June 7); son of Rabbi Israel Jehiel Rapoport of Cracow and son-in-law of R. Mordecai Schrenzel of Lemberg.

The first page of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a. The center column contains the Talmud text, beginning with a section of Mishnah. The Gemara begins 14 lines down with the abbreviation גמ (gimmel-mem) in larger type. Mishnah and Gemara sections alternate throughout the Talmud. The blocks of text on either side are the Rashi and Tosafot commentaries, printed in Rashi script. Other notes and cross references are in the margins.

Rapoport was a pupil of R. Joshua Falk ha-Kohen.

List of Polish rabbis

List of Polish rabbis, who either lived in Poland or were born there.

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Joshua Falk

Acharonim

Acharonim (אחרונים Aḥaronim; sing.

Yosef Karo
Isaac Aboab da Fonseca
Shneur Zalman of Liadi
Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin
Israel Meir Kagan
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Ovadia Yosef

Joshua Falk (Sma; Me'irat Einayim; 1555 – 1614)

Minhag

Accepted tradition or group of traditions in Judaism.

Judaica (clockwise from top): Shabbat candlesticks, handwashing cup, Chumash and Tanakh, Torah pointer, shofar and etrog box

(Perisha rules that if one abandons a nusach that has been accepted universally by the wider Jewish community, his prayer is disqualified and must be repeated using the accepted nusach: Arba'ah Turim, Orach Chayim, 120 ad loc).