Josip Broz Tito

TitoMarshal TitoPresident TitoJosip TitoJosip BrozMarshal Josip Broz TitoMarshall TitoJoseph Broz TitoJosep Broz TitoTitoist
Josip Broz (, ; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito, was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and statesman, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.wikipedia
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Non-Aligned Movement

Nonaligned MovementNAMnon-aligned
He gained further international attention as the chief leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, alongside Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, and Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.
Drawing on the principles agreed at the Bandung Conference in 1955, the NAM was established in 1961 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia through an initiative of the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito.

Awards and decorations received by Josip Broz Tito

98 foreign decorations
With a highly favourable reputation abroad in both Cold War blocs, he received some 98 foreign decorations, including the Legion of Honour and the Order of the Bath.
The following is a full list of awards and decorations received by Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav president and statesman, sorted by continents and Cold War bloc division.

Titoism

TitoistTitoistsTito
He was the only leader in Joseph Stalin's time to leave Cominform and begin with his country's own socialist program, which contained elements of market socialism.
Titoism is described as the post-World War II policies and practices associated with Josip Broz Tito during the Cold War, characterized by an opposition to the Soviet Union.

League of Communists of Yugoslavia

Communist Party of YugoslaviaCommunist PartyPresident of the Presidium of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Upon his return to the Balkans in 1918, Broz entered the newly established Kingdom of Yugoslavia, where he joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ).
The party, which was led by Josip Broz Tito from 1937 to 1980, was the first communist party in power in the history of the Eastern Bloc that openly opposed the Soviet Union and thus was expelled from the Cominform in 1948 in what is known as the Tito–Stalin Split.

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and SlovenesYugoslaviaYugoslav
Upon his return to the Balkans in 1918, Broz entered the newly established Kingdom of Yugoslavia, where he joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ).
This was established on 2 November following the signing of the Treaty of Vis by Ivan Šubašić (on behalf of the Kingdom) and Josip Broz Tito (on behalf of the Yugoslav Partisans).

President of Yugoslavia

PresidentYugoslav presidentPresident of the Republic
After the war, he was selected as Prime Minister (1944–1963), and President (later President for Life) (1953–1980) of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).
Josip Broz Tito was the only person to occupy the office.

Benevolent dictatorship

benevolent dictatorbenign dictatorshipbenevolent
While his presidency has been criticized as authoritarian and concerns about the repression of political opponents have been raised, Tito has traditionally been seen as a benevolent dictator.
The label has been applied to leaders such as Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk of Turkey, Muammar Gaddafi of Libya, Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore, and France-Albert René of Seychelles.

Kumrovec

Goričnica
Broz was born to a Croat father and Slovene mother in the village of Kumrovec, Austria-Hungary (now in Croatia).
Kumrovec's claim to fame is that it is the birthplace of marshal Josip Broz Tito (1892–1980), the president of Yugoslavia.

Yugoslav Wars

Yugoslav WarwarYugoslavia
Ten years after his death, Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe, and Yugoslavia descended into civil war.
In 1945, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) was established under Josip Broz Tito, who maintained a strongly authoritarian leadership that suppressed nationalism.

Communism

communistcommunistscommunist ideology
Josip Broz (, ; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito, was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and statesman, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Gdp per capita 1965.png saw the emergence of the Soviet Union as a superpower, with strong influence over Eastern Europe and parts of Asia. The European and Japanese empires were shattered and communist parties played a leading role in many independence movements. Marxist–Leninist governments modeled on the Soviet Union took power with Soviet assistance in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Poland, Hungary and Romania. A Marxist–Leninist government was also created under Marshal Tito in Yugoslavia, but Tito's independent policies led to the expulsion of Yugoslavia from the Cominform which had replaced the Comintern and Titoism was branded "deviationist". Albania also became an independent Marxist–Leninist state after World War II. Communism was seen as a rival of and a threat to western capitalism for most of the 20th century.

Croatia

Republic of CroatiaCroatianCRO
Broz was born to a Croat father and Slovene mother in the village of Kumrovec, Austria-Hungary (now in Croatia).
This sparked the beginning of the Yugoslav Partisan movement, a communist multi-ethnic anti-fascist resistance group led by Josip Broz Tito.

Marshal of Yugoslavia

MarshalMaršal Jugoslavije
From 1943 to his death in 1980, Tito held the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia, serving as the supreme commander of the Yugoslav military, the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA).
The only person to ever hold the rank of "Marshal of Yugoslavia" was Josip Broz Tito, with the term "Marshal" becoming synonymous with his name in Yugoslavia.

Vienna

Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
By October 1912 he had reached Vienna.
In 1913 Adolf Hitler, Leon Trotsky, Josip Broz Tito, Sigmund Freud and Joseph Stalin all lived within a few miles of each other in central Vienna, some of them becoming regulars at the same coffeehouses.

Cold War

The Cold WarCold War eraCold-War
With a highly favourable reputation abroad in both Cold War blocs, he received some 98 foreign decorations, including the Legion of Honour and the Order of the Bath.
(The insurgents were helped by Josip Broz Tito's Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia against Stalin's wishes.)

Gamal Abdel Nasser

NasserGamal Abdul NasserGamel Abdel Nasser
He gained further international attention as the chief leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, alongside Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, and Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.
Following Bandung, Nasser officially adopted the "positive neutralism" of Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as a principal theme of Egyptian foreign policy regarding the Cold War.

Revolutions of 1989

fall of communismthe fall of the Iron Curtaincollapse of communism
Ten years after his death, Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe, and Yugoslavia descended into civil war.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was not a part of the Warsaw Pact but pursued its own version of Communism under Josip Broz Tito.

Moša Pijade

Moše Pijade
After arriving at Lepoglava prison, Broz was employed in maintaining the electrical system, and chose as his assistant a middle-class Belgrade Jew, Moša Pijade, who had been given a 20-year sentence for his communist activities.
transliteration Moshe Piade ; 4 January 1890 – 15 March 1957), nicknamed Čiča Janko (Чича Јанко, lit. "Uncle Janko") was a Serbian and Yugoslav communist, a close collaborator of Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav politician, and full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Aleksandar Ranković

Aleksandar Leka RankovićAleksandar RankovicAlexander Rankovic
He developed a new, younger leadership team that was loyal to him, including the Slovene Kardelj, the Serb, Aleksandar Ranković, and the Montenegrin, Milovan Đilas.
Aleksandar Ranković (nom de guerre Leka; ; 28 November 1909 – 19 August 1983) was a Yugoslav communist politician, considered to be the third most powerful man in Yugoslavia after Josip Broz Tito and Edvard Kardelj.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
During his apprenticeship, Broz was encouraged to mark May Day in 1909, and he read and sold Slobodna Reč (Free Word), a socialist newspaper.
The Non-Aligned Movement constituted itself around the main figures of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India, President Sukarno of Indonesia, leader Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia and Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt who successfully opposed the French and British imperial powers during the 1956 Suez crisis.

Prime Minister of Yugoslavia

Prime MinisterChairman of the Federal Executive Council of YugoslaviaPrime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
After the war, he was selected as Prime Minister (1944–1963), and President (later President for Life) (1953–1980) of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).
On 29 November 1943 the AVNOJ proclaimed the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, and appointed the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (NKOJ), led by Prime Minister Josip Broz Tito, as its government.

Social Democratic Party of Croatia and Slavonia

He also joined the Social Democratic Party of Croatia and Slavonia.
However, at the beginning of the 20th century, party began to gradually grow and gain more support in other parts of Croatia, especially in Sisak, where Josip Broz Tito, who later become president of SFR Yugoslavia, joined SDSHiS in 1910.

Slovenes

SloveneSlovenianSlovenians
Broz was born to a Croat father and Slovene mother in the village of Kumrovec, Austria-Hungary (now in Croatia).
The Partisans were under the command of the Liberation Front (OF) and Tito's Yugoslav resistance, while the Slovenian Covenant served as the political arm of the anti-Communist militia.

Organizational Self-management

workers' self-managementself-managementautogestion
Firms were socially owned by their employees and structured on workers' self-management; they competed in open and free markets.
The economy of Yugoslavia was organized according to the theories of Josip Broz Tito and more directly Edvard Kardelj.

Draža Mihailović

Dragoljub MihailovićDraža MihajlovićMihailović
During this period, Tito held talks with Chetnik leader Draža Mihailović on 19 September and 27 October 1941.
Founded as the first Yugoslav resistance movement, it was royalist and nationalist, as opposed to the other, Josip Broz Tito's Partisans who were communist.

Croats

CroatianCroatCroatians
Broz was born to a Croat father and Slovene mother in the village of Kumrovec, Austria-Hungary (now in Croatia).
Following the democratization of society, accompanied with ethnic tensions that emerged ten years after the death of Josip Broz Tito, the Republic of Croatia declared independence, which was followed by war.