journalistreportagejournalisticjournalistsprint journalismreportingpressreporterprintBroadcast Journalism
Journalism is the production and distribution of reports on recent events.wikipedia
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reporterjournalistsnews reporter
The word journalism applies to the occupation, as well as citizen journalists who gather and publish information.
A journalist's work is called journalism.


daily newspapernewspapersdaily
This has created a shift in the consumption of print media channels, as people increasingly consume news through e-readers, smartphones, and other personal electronic devices, as opposed to the more traditional formats of newspapers, magazines, or television news channels.
The journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers.

Data journalism

data journalistdatajournalismdata journalists
Data journalism is a journalism specialty reflecting the increased role that numerical data is used in the production and distribution of information in the digital era.

Access journalism

Access journalism refers to journalism (often in interview form) which prioritizes access—meaning media time with important, rich, famous, powerful or otherwise influential people in politics, culture, sports, and other areas—over journalistic objectivity and/or integrity.

Gonzo journalism

gonzogonzo journalista style of first-person confrontational journalism
Gonzo journalism is a style of journalism that is written without claims of objectivity, often including the reporter as part of the story via a first-person narrative.

Society of Professional Journalists

Sigma Delta ChiSociety for Professional JournalistsThe Society of Professional Journalists
Many credible news organizations, or their employees, often belong to and abide by the ethics of professional organizations such as the American Society of News Editors, the Society of Professional Journalists, Investigative Reporters & Editors, Inc., or the Online News Association.
The stated mission of SPJ is to promote and defend the First Amendment guarantees of freedom of speech and freedom of the press; encourage high standards and ethical behavior in the practice of journalism; and promote and support diversity in journalism.

Investigative journalism

investigative journalistexposéinvestigative reporter
Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corruption, or corporate wrongdoing.


photojournalistphotojournalistsphoto journalist
Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.

Advocacy journalism

political commentatorcommentatoradvocacy approach
Advocacy journalism is a genre of journalism that intentionally and transparently adopts a non-objective viewpoint, usually for some social or political purpose.

Tabloid journalism

tabloidtabloid presstabloids
Tabloid journalism is a style of journalism that emphasizes sensational crime stories, gossip columns about celebrities and sports stars, political views and opinions from one perspective and junk food news.

Yellow journalism

yellow pressyellow journalistSensationalist journalism
Newspapers of this era embraced sensationalized reporting and larger headline typefaces and layouts, a style that would become dubbed "yellow journalism".
Yellow journalism and the yellow press are American terms for journalism and associated newspapers that present little or no legitimate well-researched news while instead using eye-catching headlines for increased sales.

Drone journalism

media organizations
Drone journalism is the use of drones, or unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), for journalistic purposes.

Interactive journalism

Interactive journalism is a new type of journalism that allows consumers to directly contribute to the story.


In A History of News, author Mitchell Stephens (professor of journalism and mass communication at New York University) notes sensationalism can be found in the Ancient Roman Acta Diurna (official notices and announcements which were presented daily on public message boards, the perceived content of which spread with enthusiasm in illiterate societies).


In addition to the varying nature of how media organizations are run and funded, countries may have differing implementations of laws handling the freedom of speech and libel cases.
On the other hand, according to Article 203, there is an exemption for the application of the aforementioned articles (insult and defamation) when the specific context is that of a scientific work, literary work, work of art, public information conducted by a politician or a government official, journalistic work, or the defense of a right or the protection of justifiable interests, in all cases provided that the conduct was not aimed at damaging someone's reputation.

Freedom of the press

press freedompressfreedom of press
This era saw the establishment of freedom of the press as a legal norm, as President Theodore Roosevelt tried and failed to sue newspapers for reporting corruption in his handling of the purchase of the Panama Canal.

Walter Lippmann

Walter LippmanLippmannLippmann, Walter
In the 1920s in the United States, as newspapers dropped their blatant partisanship in search of new subscribers, political analyst Walter Lippmann and philosopher John Dewey debated the role of journalism in a democracy.
His views regarding the role of journalism in a democracy were contrasted with the contemporaneous writings of John Dewey in what has been retrospectively named the Lippmann-Dewey debate.


trueTruth theorytheory of truth
While various existing codes have some differences, most share common elements including the principles of – truthfulness, accuracy, objectivity, impartiality, fairness and public accountability – as these apply to the acquisition of newsworthy information and its subsequent dissemination to the public.
Most human activities depend upon the concept, where its nature as a concept is assumed rather than being a subject of discussion; these include most of the sciences, law, journalism, and everyday life.

Feature story

featuresfeaturefeature stories
Opinion pieces are generally written by regular columnists or appear in a section titled "Op-ed", while feature stories, breaking news, and hard news stories typically make efforts to remove opinion from the copy.


pressroombudget meetingnews room
Notably, in the American media landscape, newsrooms have reduced their staff and coverage as traditional media channels, such as television, grappling with declining audiences.
Some journalism organizations refer to the newsroom as the city room.

History of journalism

History of newspapers and magazinesFlugblattHistory of magazines
The history of journalism spans the growth of technology and trade, marked by the advent of specialized techniques for gathering and disseminating information on a regular basis that has caused, as one history of journalism surmises, the steady increase of "the scope of news available to us and the speed with which it is transmitted. Before the printing press was invented, word of mouth was the primary source of news. Returning merchants, sailors and travelers brought news back to the mainland, and this was then picked up by pedlars and travelling players and spread from town to town. Ancient scribes often wrote this information down. This transmission of news was highly unreliable, and died out with the invention of the printing press. Newspapers (and to a lesser extent magazines) have always been the primary medium of journalists since the 18th century, radio and television in the 20th century, and the Internet in the 21st century.

Journalism genres

ambush interviewambushambush journalism
The term "journalism genres" refers to various journalism styles, fields or separate genres, in writing accounts of events.

Non-profit journalism

Non-profitnon-profit news outletnon-profitable association
Non-profit journalism (abbreviated as NPJ, also known as a not-for-profit journalism or think tank journalism) is the practice of journalism as a non-profit organization instead of a for-profit business.

American Journalism Review

Washington Journalism ReviewThe Washington Journalism Review
The American Journalism Review (AJR) was an American magazine covering topics in journalism.