Jowhar

VillabruzziVillabbruzziVillaggio Duca degli AbruzziGioharJowhaar
Jowhar (Jowhaar, جوهر, Giohar, formerly Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi or simply Villabruzzi) is the capital city of Hirshabelle state of Somalia.wikipedia
102 Related Articles

Middle Shabelle

Middle ShebelleShabeellaha DhexeMiddle Shabele
Jowhar is also the administrative capital of Middle Shabelle region of Somalia.
As part of the former Benadir region, Middle Shabelle's capital was Mogadishu up until the mid-1980s, when the town of Jowhar became the capital.

Islamic Courts Union

Union of Islamic CourtsIslamic Court UnionICU
Along with Baidoa, it used to form the joint administrative capital of the Transitional Federal Government, which it captured from the Islamic Courts Union. On December 27, 2006, the internationally backed transitional government forces, united with Ethiopian troops, recaptured Jowhar from the Islamic Courts Union.
Until the end of 2006, they controlled most of southern Somalia and the vast majority of its population, including most major cities such as Jowhar, Kismayo, Beledweyne, and the capital Mogadishu.

Hirshabelle State

Hirshabelle
Jowhar (Jowhaar, جوهر, Giohar, formerly Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi or simply Villabruzzi) is the capital city of Hirshabelle state of Somalia.
Jowhar is the capital city of Hirshabelle.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Jowhar is also the administrative capital of Middle Shabelle region of Somalia. Jowhar (Jowhaar, جوهر, Giohar, formerly Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi or simply Villabruzzi) is the capital city of Hirshabelle state of Somalia.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
The city lies 90 km (50 mi) along a major road north of the national capital of Mogadishu. The Italians, who believed in the economic potential of the region, also built a railway system that linked Jowhar to Mogadishu for the next thirty years, and was used mainly to export bananas and coffee to Europe.
They also developed some agricultural areas in the south near the capital, such as Janale and the Villaggio duca degli Abruzzi (present-day Jowhar).

Baidoa

BaidoraBaydhabo
Along with Baidoa, it used to form the joint administrative capital of the Transitional Federal Government, which it captured from the Islamic Courts Union.
In early 2005, the TFG sent official delegations to Baidoa and Jowhar to assess the suitability of each city as a temporary headquarters for the TFG before an eventual relocation of government offices to Mogadishu.

Jowhar District

Jowhar
After independence in 1960, the city was made the center of the official Jowhar District.
Its capital lies at Jowhar.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
At the turn of the 20th century, Jowhar was incorporated into Italian Somaliland protectorate.
That same year, the Duca founded the Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi ("Villabruzzi"; Jowhar) as an agricultural settlement in Italian Somaliland.

Mogadishu–Villabruzzi Railway

Mogadishu-Villabruzzi RailwayrailwayItalian Somaliland Railway
The Italians, who believed in the economic potential of the region, also built a railway system that linked Jowhar to Mogadishu for the next thirty years, and was used mainly to export bananas and coffee to Europe.
The railway connected the capital city Mogadishu with Afgooye, and subsequently with Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi - usually called "Villabruzzi" (present-day Jowhar).

Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi

Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the AbruzziDuke of the AbruzziLuigi Amedeo
The Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi was founded by a senior member of the Italian Royal Family, H.R.H. Principe Luigi Amedeo, Duca degli Abruzzi in 1920, who first came to the African continent in 1905 and liked the place.
After Italian Somaliland was dissolved, the town was later renamed to Jowhar.

Italian Somalis

Italian SomaliansItalian colonistsItalians
In 1940, Villabruzzi had a population of 12,000, of whom nearly 3,000 were Italian Somalis, and enjoyed a notable level of development as a small manufacturing area.
In the late 1930s the triangle area between Italian Mogadiscio, Merca and Villabruzzi was fully developed in agriculture (with a growing export of bananas to Europe), but was even experiencing an initial industrial development thanks to the presence of asphalted roads, railways, and a new international airport & port in the capital.

Battle of Jowhar

Jowharrecaptured Jowhar
On December 27, 2006, the internationally backed transitional government forces, united with Ethiopian troops, recaptured Jowhar from the Islamic Courts Union.
The Battle of Jowhar was a battle in the Somali Civil War (2006–2009) fought between the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) and affiliated militias against Ethiopian and Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces for control of the town of Jowhar (located at 2.78°N, 45.50222°W).

Ali Mohammed Ghedi

Ali Mohamed GhediAli Mohamed GediAli Muhammad Ghedi
However, in July 2005, President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed relocated to the town from his base in Bosaso, moving the process forward and joining Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi, who had already been resident in the town for a month.
On July 2005, he moved to Jowhar, one of two towns (the other being Baidoa) being used as a temporary joint Somali capital.

Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed

Abdullahi Yusuf2006 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed assassination attemptAbdullahi tYusuf Ahmed
However, in July 2005, President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed relocated to the town from his base in Bosaso, moving the process forward and joining Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi, who had already been resident in the town for a month.
Consequently, Ahmed along with his Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi and the Speaker of the Parliament Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden helped to relocate the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) from Nairobi to the Somali cities of Jowhar and Baidoa, where the TFG resided until the government eventually took control of Mogadishu.

Maandheere

Maandere
Maandheere (sometimes written Maandere or Maandeere) is a village in the Middle Shabelle region of Somalia, near Jowhar.

Transitional federal government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional Federal GovernmentTFGTFG coalition
Along with Baidoa, it used to form the joint administrative capital of the Transitional Federal Government, which it captured from the Islamic Courts Union.

Shebelle River

ShebelleShabelleShabelle River
Middle Shabelle is named after the Shebelle River which passes through the region for 150kilometers.

Hiraab

DudubleHiraab ImamateHiraab Sultanate
The town later came under the administration of the Hiraab Sultanate in the late 17th century after the collapse of the powerful Ajuran Empire.

Ajuran Sultanate

Ajuran EmpireAjuranAjuran period
The town later came under the administration of the Hiraab Sultanate in the late 17th century after the collapse of the powerful Ajuran Empire. During the Middle Ages, Jowhar and much of the surrounding area in southern Somalia was governed by the Ajuran Empire.

Protectorate

British Protectorateprotectionprotectorates
At the turn of the 20th century, Jowhar was incorporated into Italian Somaliland protectorate.

House of Savoy

SavoyItalian Royal FamilySavoyard
The Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi was founded by a senior member of the Italian Royal Family, H.R.H. Principe Luigi Amedeo, Duca degli Abruzzi in 1920, who first came to the African continent in 1905 and liked the place.

Royal Highness

His Royal HighnessHer Royal HighnessHRH
The Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi was founded by a senior member of the Italian Royal Family, H.R.H. Principe Luigi Amedeo, Duca degli Abruzzi in 1920, who first came to the African continent in 1905 and liked the place.

Prince

princelyprincessovereign prince
The Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi was founded by a senior member of the Italian Royal Family, H.R.H. Principe Luigi Amedeo, Duca degli Abruzzi in 1920, who first came to the African continent in 1905 and liked the place.

Duke

DuchessducalDukes
The Duke raised funds to build dams, roads, a railway, schools, hospitals, a church and a mosque.