Jubaland

JubaJubbalandJubbaAzaniaAzania StateInterim Juba Administration
Jubaland (Jubbaland, جوبالاند, Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley (Dooxada Jubba) or Azania (Asaaniya, آزانيا), is an autonomous region in southern Somalia.wikipedia
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States and regions of Somalia

autonomous regionRegional StateState
Jubaland (Jubbaland, جوبالاند, Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley (Dooxada Jubba) or Azania (Asaaniya, آزانيا), is an autonomous region in southern Somalia.
Jubaland in the far south is a fourth state region within Somalia.

North Eastern Province (Kenya)

North Eastern ProvinceNorthern Frontier DistrictNorth Eastern
Its eastern border lies 40–60 km east of the Jubba River, stretching from Gedo to the Indian Ocean, while its western side flanks the North Eastern Province in Kenya, which was carved out of Jubaland during the colonial period.
Previously known as the Northern Frontier District (NFD),it was carved out the Jubaland region in southern Present day Somalia during the colonial period.

Kismayo

KismayuKismaayoKisimayo
Its largest city is Kismayo, which is situated on the coast near the mouth of the Jubba River.
It is the commercial capital of the autonomous Jubaland region.

Afmadow

Afmadoow
Bardera, Afmadow, Bu'aale, Luuq, Garbahareey and Beled Haawo are the region's other principal cities.
Afmadow (Afmadoow) is a city in southern Somalia, located in the middle of the Juba region and bordered by Kenya, Badhadhe, Kismayo, Jamame, Jilib, Hagar, Bardhere and Elwaq in Somalia, 401 km southwest of the capital Mogadishu.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
Its eastern border lies 40–60 km east of the Jubba River, stretching from Gedo to the Indian Ocean, while its western side flanks the North Eastern Province in Kenya, which was carved out of Jubaland during the colonial period. The Geledi Sultanate that controlled this entire region later joined the Italian Somaliland protectorate after the Geledi ruler called Osman Ahmed signed multiple treaties with the colonial Italians.
The last piece of land acquired by Italy in Somalia in order to form Italian Somaliland was the Jubaland region.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Jubaland (Jubbaland, جوبالاند, Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley (Dooxada Jubba) or Azania (Asaaniya, آزانيا), is an autonomous region in southern Somalia.
Jubaland in the far south is a fourth autonomous region within the federation.

Oltre Giuba

Italian Trans-JubaTrans-Juba
Jubaland was subsequently ceded to Italy in 1924–25, as a reward for the Italians having joined the Allies in World War I, and had a brief existence as the Italian colony of Trans-Juba (Oltre Giuba) under governor (16 July 1924 – 31 December 1926) Corrado Zoli (1877–1951).
Oltre Giuba or Trans-Juba was an Italian colony in the territory of Jubaland in present-day southern Somalia.

Lower Juba

Jubbada HooseLower JubbaJubba
The territory consists of the Gedo, Lower Juba and Middle Juba provinces.
With its capital at Kismayo, it lies in the autonomous Jubaland region.

Osman Ahmed

The Geledi Sultanate that controlled this entire region later joined the Italian Somaliland protectorate after the Geledi ruler called Osman Ahmed signed multiple treaties with the colonial Italians.
He signed treaties to the Italians for protectorate in 1908 for his possession of territories he controlled like Jubbaland, Bakool, Bay, Lower Shebelle and Benadir.

Middle Juba

Jubbada DhexeMiddle JubbaJubbada Dhexe Region, Somalia
The territory consists of the Gedo, Lower Juba and Middle Juba provinces.
With its capital at Bu'aale, it is located in the autonomous Jubaland region.

Luuq

LuqLugh GananeLugh
Bardera, Afmadow, Bu'aale, Luuq, Garbahareey and Beled Haawo are the region's other principal cities.
In 2013, Luuq and other settlements in the wider Gedo region were officially incorporated into the newly formed Jubaland autonomous state.

Jubba River

JubbaJuba RiverJuba
Its eastern border lies 40–60 km east of the Jubba River, stretching from Gedo to the Indian Ocean, while its western side flanks the North Eastern Province in Kenya, which was carved out of Jubaland during the colonial period.
The Jubba River gives its name to the Somali administrative regions of Middle Juba and Lower Juba, as well as to the larger historical region of Jubaland.

Juba Valley Alliance

JVAJubba Valley Alliance
Led by Colonel Barre Adan Shire Hiiraale, the ASF administration renamed itself the Juba Valley Alliance in 2001.
It was the primary opponent of the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM) and the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC) vying for the control of Kismayo and the Juba River valley, the area known as Jubaland.

Italian Empire

Italian Colonial EmpireItalian coloniesItaly
Jubaland was subsequently ceded to Italy in 1924–25, as a reward for the Italians having joined the Allies in World War I, and had a brief existence as the Italian colony of Trans-Juba (Oltre Giuba) under governor (16 July 1924 – 31 December 1926) Corrado Zoli (1877–1951).
In April 1920, it was agreed between the British and Italian foreign ministers that Jubaland would be Italy's compensation, but Britain held back on the deal for several years, aiming to use it as leverage to force Italy to cede the Dodecanese to Greece.

Allied Somali Forces

Political opponents of General Morgan subsequently united as the Allied Somali Forces (ASF), seizing control of Kismayo by June of the following year.
It was the primary opponent of the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM) vying for the control of Kismayo and the Juba River valley, the area known as Jubaland.

Operation Linda Nchi

coordinated operationcoordinated multinational operationKenyan intervention
Following the Kenyan military entry into Somalia in 2011, President of Somalia Sharif Ahmed initially expressed reservations about the deployment of Kenyan troops for what a BBC correspondent suggested was his opposition to the notion of Kenya's involvement in the Jubaland initiative.
According to media, Ahmed's remarks may have stemmed from fears that the Kenyan government supported the establishment of an autonomous Jubaland in the south of Somalia.

Mohamed Abdi Mohamed

Mohamed Abdi GandhiMohamed Abdi "GandhiMohamed Abdi Gandi
On 3 April 2011, it was announced that the new autonomous Jubaland administration would be referred to as Azania, and would be led by Mohamed Abdi Mohamed (Gandhi), the former national Minister of Defense, as president.
He is the former Minister of Defense of Somalia, and the former President of Azania (Jubaland).

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
Jubaland has a total population of around 2.5 milion inhabitants majority from the Mainly Darod clan also Hawiye and Dir clans.
The Darod in Somalia mainly live in the Federal Member States of Jubbaland and Puntland as well as the northern regions of Sool, Sanaag and Cayn.

Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan

Mohammed Said Hersi "MorganHersi "MorganHersi Morgan
Following the ensuing breakdown of central authority, General Mohammed Said Hersi "Morgan", Barre's son-in-law and former Minister of Defense, briefly declared Jubaland independent on 3 September 1998.
Hersi Morgan was head of the self-created entity Jubaland between September 3, 1998—June 11, 1999.

Hassan Sheikh Mohamud

Hassan Sheikh MohamoudHasan Sheikh MohamudHassan Mohamud
Endorsed by the federal State Minister for the Presidency Farah Abdulkadir on behalf of President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the pact was brokered by the Foreign Ministry of Ethiopia and came after protracted bilateral talks.
In August 2013, the Somali federal government signed a national reconciliation agreement in Addis Ababa with the autonomous Jubaland administration based in southern Somalia.

Omar Sharmarke

Omar Abdirashid Ali SharmarkeOmar Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
The conference was attended by several high-profile politicians, including Professor Mohamed Abdi Mohamed (Gandhi) and former TFG Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke.
In 2013, Sharmarke helped establish the autonomous Interim Juba Administration in southern Somalia.

Abdihakim Amey

Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar
The event was attended by President of Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, Vice President of Puntland Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar, Foreign Minister of Kenya Amina Mohamed, Foreign Minister of Ethiopia Tedros Adhanom, IGAD Executive Secretary Mahboub Maalim, IGAD Envoy to Somalia Ambassador Mohamed Abdi Afey, and other international representatives.
The event was attended by a number of dignitaries, including former Puntland Presidents Abdirahman Mohamud Farole and Mohamud Muse Hersi, Jubaland President Ahmed Mohamed Islam (Madobe), Galmudug President Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdiid, former Prime Minister of Somalia Ali Mohammed Ghedi, federal MPs, ambassadors from Djibouti, Ethiopia and Turkey, UN Special Representative for Somalia Nicholas Kay, members of the Somali expatriate community and Puntland public, and US, AU and IGAD representatives.

Bu'ale

Bu'aaleBuale
Bardera, Afmadow, Bu'aale, Luuq, Garbahareey and Beled Haawo are the region's other principal cities.
It is the capital of the Jubaland State Bu'aale District and the capital of the Jubaland State region as well, situated in the southern Jubba River valley, the city is known for its farming land on the banks of the river Juba.

South West State of Somalia

Southwestern SomaliaSouth West StateSouthwestern State of Somalia
On 30 December 2014, Jubaland President Ahmed Mohamed Islam (Madobe) and South West State President Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan signed a 4-point Memorandum of Understanding on federalization, security, the 2016 general elections, trade, and the constitution.
Internal and Federal Affairs Minister Abdullahi Godah Barre indicated that the Somali federal government would not recognize the six-region convention outcome, as it contravenes an earlier Jubba agreement signed in Addis Ababa between the Somali federal authorities and the autonomous Jubaland administration in southwestern Somalia.

Raskamboni Movement

RaskamboniRaskamboni BrigadeRaskamboni Front
A 32-strong technical committee chaired by Ma'alin Mohamed Ibrahim, the deputy of the Raskamboni movement, was established along with several sub-committees whose purpose was to oversee the process.