Judah ben Asher

The location of Germany (dark green) in the European Union (light green)

German Talmudist and later rabbi of Toledo, Spain, son of Rabbenu Asher and brother of Jacob ben Asher ("Ba'al haTurim").

- Judah ben Asher

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Asher ben Jehiel

Eminent rabbi and Talmudist best known for his abstract of Talmudic law.

Rabbi instructing children in 2004

Asher had eight sons, the most prominent of whom were Jacob (author of the Arba'ah Turim) and Judah.

Jacob ben Asher

Jacob ben Asher (c.

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

Some say Jacob succeeded his father as the rabbi of the Jewish community of Toledo (Zacuto), while others say his brother Judah ben Asher did.

David Cassel

German historian and Jewish theologian.

David Cassel, from the 1901-1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, now in the public domain.

"Zikron Yehudah," responsa of Judah ben Asher, published by Rosenberg, with introduction and notes by Cassel, Berlin, 1846;

History of responsa in Judaism

See related articles: Rabbinic literature; Halakha: the codes of Jewish law.

Collected Responsa of Akiva Eger, Bar-Ilan University Library

The responsa of the RoSH first appeared at Constantinople in 1517 under the title "She'elot u-Teshubot", while an enlarged edition was published at Venice in 1607. This collection of responsa is arranged according to 108 subjects, each of which has a special chapter, called "kelal", while at the head of every rubric stands a résumé of its contents and a numerical list of the responsa treating of each subject. This arrangement, however, was not the work of Asher himself, but was made probably by one of his pupils, possibly by his son Rabbi Judah. From the responsa of Rabbi Asher may be gleaned many curious customs of the Spanish communities. To a question addressed to him from Burgos, Asher responded (No. 68, 10) that according to Talmudic law no arrests could be made for debt, even in cases where the debtor had pledged his own person, although, on the other hand, he noted that it was the custom of the communities in Spain to imprison one who had failed to pay his quota of the royal tax until he should discharge his debt.

Menachem Elon

Israeli jurist and Professor of Law specializing in Mishpat Ivri, an Orthodox rabbi, and a prolific author on traditional Jewish law (Halakha).

Former Deputy President Supreme Court of Israel
Candidates for President of Israel in 1983: Prof. Menachem Elon (coalition) and MK Chaim Herzog (opposition) in Beit HaNassi in Jerusalem
Menachem Elon (sitting third from left) With Supreme Court Justices on the roof of the old Israeli Supreme Court building in the Russian Compound in Jerusalem (1992)
Professor Menachem Elon, Lecturing in the New York University
Judge Elon and Judge Shamgar
"Jerusalem Covenant" written by Elon in 1992

Indices to the Responsa of Jewish Law: The Responsa of R. Judah ben Asher, Publisher The Hebrew University Magnes Press Ltd, 1973.

Menahem ben Aaron ibn Zerah

Spanish rabbi and codifier born in the Kingdom of Navarre, probably at Estella, in the first third of the 14th century.

His chief teacher was Judah ben Asher, who went through the whole of the Talmud with him, with the exception of the third and fourth orders.

Israel Alnaqua

Ethical writer and martyr who lived in Toledo, Spain.

He died at the stake, together with Judah ben Asher, in the summer of 1391.

Aboab family

Old and distinguished Western Sephardic family, originally from Aragon, Spain.

His son Abraham II was a close contemporary of Judah ben Asher and Abraham II's great grandson Isaac Aboab II, was a Posek and Torah commentator in Toledo.