Judo

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Judo was originally created in 1882 by Jigoro Kano as a physical, mental, and moral pedagogy in Japan.wikipedia
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Kanō Jigorō

Jigoro KanoKano JigoroJigorō Kanō
Judo was originally created in 1882 by Jigoro Kano as a physical, mental, and moral pedagogy in Japan.
Kanō Jigorō was a Japanese educator and athlete, the founder of Judo.

Combat sport

combat sportsCombatcombat-sport
It is generally categorized as a modern martial art, which later evolved into a combat and Olympic sport.
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.

Chokehold

Strangleholdchokeschoke hold
Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or take down an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.
A chokehold, choke, stranglehold or, in Judo, shime-waza (絞技; constriction technique) is a general term for a grappling hold that critically reduces or prevents either air (choking) or blood (strangling) from passing through the neck of an opponent.

Grappling hold

Katame-wazaheadlocksubmission hold
Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or take down an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.
A grappling hold commonly referred to simply as a hold and in Japanese referred to as katame-waza (固め技 "grappling technique") is a specific grappling, wrestling, judo or other martial arts grip that is applied to an opponent.

Joint lock

joint locksJoint-lockKansetsu-waza
Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or take down an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.
In judō these are referred to as, 関節技 kansetsu-waza, "joint locking technique" ) and in Chinese martial arts as chin na, which literally means "catching and locking".

Throw (grappling)

throwsNage-wazathrowing
Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or take down an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.
There are several major types of throw, among Asian martial arts, Judo has the most developed throwing techniques and throws are considered its specialty.

Sambo (martial art)

SamboCombat Sambosambist
Judo also spawned a number of derivative martial arts across the world, such as Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Krav Maga and Sambo.
Oshchepkov spent several years living in Japan and training in judo under its founder Kano Jigoro.

Krav Maga

Krav-MagaCommando Krav MagaKrav Maga Maor
Judo also spawned a number of derivative martial arts across the world, such as Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Krav Maga and Sambo.
Krav Maga (, lit. "contact combat") is a military self-defence and fighting system developed for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Israeli security forces derived from a combination of techniques sourced from boxing, wrestling, aikido, judo and karate, along with realistic fight training.

Randori

freestyle practicesparring
Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defences are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata, 形) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori, 乱取り).
In judo, jujitsu, and Shodokan aikido, among others, it most often refers to one-on-one sparring where partners attempt to resist and counter each other's techniques.

Takedown (grappling)

takedowntakedownsdouble leg takedown
Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or take down an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.
Leg trips are featured in for instance freestyle wrestling, judo, sumo, and shuai jiao while being an illegal technique in Greco-Roman wrestling.

Kata

formsKarate kataform
Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defences are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata, 形) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori, 乱取り).
Kata are used by most Japanese and Okinawan martial arts, such as aikido, judo, kendo, kenpo, and karate.

Gendai budō

gendai budogendaimodern
It is generally categorized as a modern martial art, which later evolved into a combat and Olympic sport.
Some examples of Gendai budō are aikido, judo, karate and shorinji kempo.

Tomita Tsunejirō

Tsunejiro TomitaTsunejirō TomitaTomita Tsuneo
Kano took in resident and non-resident students, the first two being Tomita Tsunejirō and Shiro Saigo.
Tomita Tsunejirō, born Yamada Tsunejirō, was the earliest disciple of judo.

Shiro Saigo

Saigō ShirōShirō Saigō
Kano took in resident and non-resident students, the first two being Tomita Tsunejirō and Shiro Saigo.
Shiro Saigo was one of the earliest disciples of Judo.

Kyuzo Mifune

Mifune KyūzōCanon of JudoKyūzō Mifune
Kyuzo Mifune has been categorized as one of the greatest exponents of the art of judo after the founder, Kanō Jigorō.

Mikinosuke Kawaishi

Mikonosuke Kawaishi
Mikinosuke Kawaishi was a Japanese master of judo and jujutsu who achieved the rank of 7th Dan.

Dōjō

dojoHombu Dojodojos
After inquiring at a number of these, Kano was referred to Fukuda Hachinosuke (c.1828–1880), a teacher of the Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū of jujutsu, who had a small nine mat dojo where he taught five students.
In the Western world, the term dōjō (when related to physical activity) is used exclusively for Japanese martial arts such as aikidō, judō, karate-dō, etc.

Judo at the 1988 Summer Olympics

Judo19881988 Summer Olympics
The women's event was introduced at the Olympics in 1988 as a demonstration event, and an official medal event in 1992.
The Judo competition at the 1988 Summer Olympics continued the seven weight classes first used at the 1980 Games.

Akio Kaminaga

Kaminaga
Dutchman Anton Geesink won the first Olympic gold medal in the open division of judo by defeating Akio Kaminaga of Japan.
Akio Kaminaga was a Japanese judoka who won a silver medal in the open weight category at the 1964 Summer Olympics.

Anton Geesink

Geesink Anton GeesinkAntonius Johannes "Anton" Geesink
Dutchman Anton Geesink won the first Olympic gold medal in the open division of judo by defeating Akio Kaminaga of Japan.
Antonius Johannes Geesink (6 April 1934 – 27 August 2010) was a Dutch 10th dan judoka.

Strike (attack)

Strikingstrikestrikes
Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defences are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata, 形) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori, 乱取り).
However, as used as a fulcrum for a joint hyperextention, such as an arm lock in classic jujitsu from stand-up or ground positions, can serve well to break said joint either when being the surface that an elbow is slammed upon or as a surface to balance out the break much as the thigh is for the juji-gatame in judo.

Hidehiko Yoshida

Yoshida Dojo
Notable judo-trained MMA fighters include Olympic medalists Hidehiko Yoshida (Gold, 1992), Naoya Ogawa (Silver, 1992), Paweł Nastula (Gold, 1996), Makoto Takimoto (Gold, 2000), Satoshi Ishii (Gold, 2008) and Ronda Rousey (Bronze, 2008), former Russian national judo championship Bronze medalist Fedor Emelianenko, Yoshihiro Akiyama, Don Frye, Rick Hawn, Daniel Kelly, Hector Lombard, Khabib Nurmagomedov, Karo Parisyan, Antônio Silva, Oleg Taktarov, and Dong-Sik Yoon.
Hidehiko Yoshida is a Japanese gold-medalist judoka and retired mixed martial artist.

Judo at the 1964 Summer Olympics

Judo19641964 Tokyo
Nevertheless, judo became an Olympic sport for men in the 1964 Games in Tokyo.
The judo competition at the 1964 Summer Olympics was the first time the sport was included in the Summer Olympic Games.

Mixed martial arts

mixed martial artistMMAground and pound
Several judo practitioners have made an impact in mixed martial arts.
An early high-profile mixed martial arts bout was Masahiko Kimura vs. Hélio Gracie in 1951, fought between judoka Masahiko Kimura and Brazilian jiu jitsu founder Hélio Gracie in Brazil.

Naoya Ogawa

Hulk OganHustle Captain" Naoya OgawaJudo O
Notable judo-trained MMA fighters include Olympic medalists Hidehiko Yoshida (Gold, 1992), Naoya Ogawa (Silver, 1992), Paweł Nastula (Gold, 1996), Makoto Takimoto (Gold, 2000), Satoshi Ishii (Gold, 2008) and Ronda Rousey (Bronze, 2008), former Russian national judo championship Bronze medalist Fedor Emelianenko, Yoshihiro Akiyama, Don Frye, Rick Hawn, Daniel Kelly, Hector Lombard, Khabib Nurmagomedov, Karo Parisyan, Antônio Silva, Oleg Taktarov, and Dong-Sik Yoon.
Naoya Ogawa (born 31 March 1968) is a Japanese Olympic and world champion judoka, retired professional wrestler, and mixed martial artist.