Jujube

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Jujube seed
Dried jujube fruits
Jujube date attacked by an insect larva
Foliage at Hyderabad, India
Leaf margin
Flowers
Flowers
Bark
Fruit
Fruit cross section

Species in the genus Ziziphus in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae.

- Jujube

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Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed

Drupe

Indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin, and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrena) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.

Indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin, and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrena) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.

Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed
The development sequence of a typical drupe, a smooth-skinned (nectarine) type of peach (Prunus persica) over a 7 1⁄2-month period, from bud formation in early winter to fruit ripening in midsummer
Assorted drupes
The peach is a typical drupe (stone fruit)
'Elena', a freestone prune plum
The pit of a nectarine
Unripe drupes of black pepper
'Black Butte' blackberry, a bramble fruit of aggregated drupelets
A ripe areca nut
Ginkgo "fruits", often noted as drupe-like

Flowering plants that produce drupes include coffee, jujube, mango, olive, most palms (including açaí, date, sabal, coconut and oil palms), pistachio, white sapote, cashew, and all members of the genus Prunus, including the almond, apricot, cherry, damson, peach, nectarine, and plum.

Ziziphus

Genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world.

Genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world.

Ziziphus jujuba foliage
Dried fruits (azufaifas) in southern Spain of Ziziphus jujuba
Azufaifas from Almería
Ziziphus mauritiana
Ziziphus oenoplia in Shamirpet, Rangareddy district, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Ziziphus oenoplia in Shamirpet, Rangareddy district, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Ziziphus spina-christi
Ziziphus xylopyrus in Hyderabad, India.
Ziziphus xylopyrus in Hyderabad, India.
Ziziphus xylopyrus in Hyderabad, India.
Persian Zizyphus in Iran
alt=Ziziphus Blossom in Behbahan, Iran|Ziziphus Blossom in Behbahan, Iran
alt=Ziziphus Fruit, Behbahan, Iran|Ziziphus Fruit, Behbahan, Iran

Well known species includes Ziziphus jujuba (jujube), Ziziphus spina-christi from southwestern Asia, Ziziphus lotus from the Mediterranean region, and ber (Ziziphus mauritiana), which is found from western Africa to India.

Rhamnaceae

Large family of flowering plants, mostly trees, shrubs, and some vines, commonly called the buckthorn family.

Large family of flowering plants, mostly trees, shrubs, and some vines, commonly called the buckthorn family.

Flowers of Ceanothus cuneatus
Bisexual flower of Helinus, with five sepals and petals, and a yellow, annular nectary disk. The small, clawed petals embrace the stamens.
Flowers of Ziziphus mucronata
Flowers of Rhamnus saxatilis
Alphitonia ponderosa
Ceanothus
Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus at the Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Berkeley, California

Chinese jujube is the fruit of the jujube tree (Ziziphus zizyphus) and is a major fruit in China.

A variety of flavored vinegars, for culinary use, on sale in France

Vinegar

Aqueous solution of acetic acid and trace compounds that may include flavorings.

Aqueous solution of acetic acid and trace compounds that may include flavorings.

A variety of flavored vinegars, for culinary use, on sale in France
Fast aerobic fermentation stainless steel vessels
Raisin vinegar
Persimmon vinegar produced in South Korea
Coconut vinegar from the Philippines
Chinese black vinegar
Sherry vinegar
A beverage made from apple vinegar in China

Jujube vinegar, called zaocu or hongzaocu, and wolfberry vinegar are produced in China.Apple cider vinegar is made from cider or apple must, and has a brownish-gold color.

Ziziphus mauritiana

Tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae.

Tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae.

Tree
Fruits at various stages of ripeness, with cracked pit showing the two seeds
Ripe and unripe jujube fruits for sale at the Luangwa Bridge in Zambia.
Bark

It is often confused with the closely related Chinese jujube (Z. jujuba), but whereas Z. jujuba prefers temperate climates, Z. mauritiana is tropical to subtropical.

Witch's brooms on downy birch, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina

Witch's broom

Deformity in a woody plant, typically a tree, where the natural structure of the plant is changed.

Deformity in a woody plant, typically a tree, where the natural structure of the plant is changed.

Witch's brooms on downy birch, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina
Witch's broom on a white pine.
Witch's broom in Yamaska National Park, QC

Diseases with symptoms of witches' broom, caused by phytoplasmas or basidiomycetes, are economically important in a number of crop plants, including the cocoa tree Theobroma cacao, jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) and the timber tree Melia azedarach.

A block of jaggery with a US penny for size comparison

Jaggery

Traditional non-centrifugal cane sugar consumed in the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Africa.

Traditional non-centrifugal cane sugar consumed in the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Africa.

A block of jaggery with a US penny for size comparison
Harvesting sugar cane without pre-burn – the abundant waste on the ground will be irrigated to release nutrients for the next crop
Jaggery preparation by heating juice in the vessel on furnace
Semisolid sugarcane juice drying in another pan for preparation of jaggery: a practice in India
Burmese jaggery at a market in Mandalay
The production of palm jaggery in Cambodia
Sugarcane jaggery in Myanmar.
Philippine sangkaka or panutsa are disc-shaped because they are traditionally made in halved coconut shells
Making Jaggery (Gur) in Punjab
Jaggery cubes
Jaggery (gur) making at small scale near sugarcane farm in Pakistan.
Boiling the sugarcane juice in large-scale jaggery (gur) making in India.
Transferring boiled sugarcane juice into vessel to dry.
Gud or jaggery: Sugarcane-derived raw sugar crystallised cubes or blocks.
Jaggery blocks, also known as gud
Gur mamra laddu sweets made from jaggery and puffed rice.
Indian Jaggery
Boiling, Myanmar.
Jaggery, Myanmar.

Toddy palm jaggery is sometimes mixed with coconut shreds, jujube puree or sesame, depending on the area.

Jojoba

Native to the Southwestern United States.

Native to the Southwestern United States.

Plaque describing jojoba in the Lost Dutchman State Park (Arizona)
Jojoba oil in a clear glass vial
Wild jojoba seed market on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona
Female flower
Close-up of male Simmondsia chinensis flowers
Jojoba fruits
Jojoba seed

The common name should not be confused with the similarly written jujube (Ziziphus zizyphus), an unrelated plant species, which is commonly grown in China.

Orcinus orca, the orca or the killer whale

Tautonym

Scientific name of a species in which both parts of the name have the same spelling, such as Rattus rattus.

Scientific name of a species in which both parts of the name have the same spelling, such as Rattus rattus.

Orcinus orca, the orca or the killer whale

Instances that repeat the genus name with a slight modification, such as Lycopersicon lycopersicum (Greek and Latinized Greek, a rejected name for the tomato) and Ziziphus zizyphus, have been contentious, but are in accord with the Code of Nomenclature.

Samgye-tang

Samgye-tang or ginseng chicken soup, meaning ginseng (Kor.

Samgye-tang or ginseng chicken soup, meaning ginseng (Kor.

Samgyetang (삼계탕), one of the most popular Korean cuisine dishes.
Samgye-tang (closeup)
Samgyetang
Samgyetang
Samgyetang with kimchi and insam-ju (ginseng wine)
Ogolgye samgyetang

tang) in Korean, consists primarily of a whole young chicken (poussin) filled with garlic, rice, jujube, and ginseng.