Julian Scherner

Julian Scherner (September 23, 1895 – April 28, 1945) was a Nazi Party official and a high-ranking member in the SS of Nazi Germany.wikipedia
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Bagamoyo

Bagamoyo districtBagamojo
Julian Scherner was born on September 23, 1895 in the town of Bagamoyo in German East Africa, where he lived until the age of two.
The town was apparently the (1895) birthplace of SS-Oberführer Julian Scherner.

SS and police leader

Higher SS and Police LeaderHSSPFHöherer SS- und Polizeiführer
During World War II, he served as the SS and Police Leader of Kraków, Germany-occupied Poland.

Operation Reinhard in Kraków

Aktion Krakauwould later be deemed unworthy of lifeaktion
Scherner was responsible for the deportations to the Bełżec extermination camp, the mass shootings in Tarnów and all 'evacuations' that took place during his time there - including Aktion Krakau.
It was headed by SS and Police Leader Julian Scherner from Waffen-SS.

Kraków Ghetto

KrakówKrakow GhettoJewish ghetto in Kraków
He liquidated Kraków Ghetto by deporting its inhabitants to Auschwitz.
Thousands of Jews were transported in the succeeding months as part of the Aktion Krakau headed by SS-Oberführer Julian Scherner.

Nazi Party

NSDAPNazisNazi
Julian Scherner (September 23, 1895 – April 28, 1945) was a Nazi Party official and a high-ranking member in the SS of Nazi Germany.

Schutzstaffel

SSßNazi SS
Julian Scherner (September 23, 1895 – April 28, 1945) was a Nazi Party official and a high-ranking member in the SS of Nazi Germany.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
Julian Scherner (September 23, 1895 – April 28, 1945) was a Nazi Party official and a high-ranking member in the SS of Nazi Germany.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
During World War II, he served as the SS and Police Leader of Kraków, Germany-occupied Poland.

Kraków

KrakowCracowKraków, Poland
During World War II, he served as the SS and Police Leader of Kraków, Germany-occupied Poland.

Occupation of Poland (1939–1945)

occupied Polandoccupation of PolandGerman-occupied Poland
During World War II, he served as the SS and Police Leader of Kraków, Germany-occupied Poland.

Fähnrich

FahnrichFenrikfændrik
During this time, Scherner earned the rank of Fähnrich in April 1914 and received officer rank on August 5, 1914.

Zugführer (military)

Zugführercommanded a unitZughauptführer
Scherner served in World War 1 as a Zugführer, Kompanieführer, company commander and platoon leader.

Kompanieführer

Scherner served in World War 1 as a Zugführer, Kompanieführer, company commander and platoon leader.

Oberleutnant

First LieutenantPremierleutnantsenior lieutenant
Scherner was honored with the Iron Cross second class and the Wound Badge in black and subsequently discharged from the military on March 30, 1920 with the rank of Oberleutant.

Freikorps Oberland

Bund OberlandOberland LeagueOberländer
After retiring from the military in 1920, he joined the Freikorps Oberland. Following the war, Scherner worked as a bank clerk from 1920 until 1924, then as a shop assistant until 1930 and after that as a partner in a merchant’s business until 1934.

Beer Hall Putsch

Munich PutschBeerhall PutschTheodor von der Pfordten
In 1923, Scherner took part in the Hitler-Ludendorff Putsch and was ultimately injured and arrested following the failure and ensuing chaos.

Dachau

Bavaria-Landshut-Munich-DachauD'''a'''chauDachau Bf
Scherner commanded the SS training camp at Dachau between October 1937 and March 1940.

Bad Tölz

TölzBad ToelzBad Tölz, Bavaria
Scherner eventually relocated to the SS Officer School at Bad Tölz.

Prague

Prague, Czech RepublicPrague, CzechoslovakiaPraha
As an SS garrison commander of Prague, between January to September 1941, Scherner supervised preparations for the establishment of a Waffen-SS training camp at Beneschau, Bohemia.

Benešov

BeneschauBenesovBenešov u Prahy
As an SS garrison commander of Prague, between January to September 1941, Scherner supervised preparations for the establishment of a Waffen-SS training camp at Beneschau, Bohemia.

Bohemia

BohemianBöhmenAustrian Bohemia
As an SS garrison commander of Prague, between January to September 1941, Scherner supervised preparations for the establishment of a Waffen-SS training camp at Beneschau, Bohemia.

Oberscharführer

SS-OberscharführerOberscharfuhrerSA-Oberscharführer
Scherner was a close acquaintance of Oberscharführer Heinz Klare, meeting with him on numerous occasions.

Waffen-SS

Waffen SSSSSS division
Scherner aided Klare in receiving extended work leave and enabled Klare’s entry into the Waffen SS while also guaranteeing Klare sick leave for a heart problem.

Reichsführer-SS

ReichsführerReichsführer SSReichsfuhrer-SS
However, Scherner was reprimanded by the Reichsfurher, Himmler, for his luxurious lifestyle.

Heinrich Himmler

HimmlerAlfred HimmlerH Himmler
However, Scherner was reprimanded by the Reichsfurher, Himmler, for his luxurious lifestyle.