Junction (rail)

junctionrailway junctionrail junctionjunction stationrailroad junctionjunctionsrail junctionsrailway junctionsAbzwAbzweigstelle
A junction, in the context of rail transport, is a place at which two or more rail routes converge or diverge.wikipedia
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Railroad switch

pointsswitchcrossover
This implies a physical connection between the tracks of the two routes (assuming they are of the same gauge), provided by points (US: switches) and signalling.
A railroad switch (AE), turnout, or [set of] points (BE) is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off.

Junction station

junctionjunction railway stationStation
Rail transport operations refer to stations that lie on or near a railway junction as a junction station.
Junction station usually refers to a railway station situated on or close to a junction where lines to several destinations diverge.

Level junction

flat crossingflat junctiondiamond crossing
The capacity of a railway junction can be increased with improved signalling measures, by building points suitable for higher speeds, or by turning level junctions into flying junctions.
A level junction (or in the United Kingdom a flat crossing) is a railway junction that has a track configuration in which merging or crossing railroad lines provide track connections with each other that require trains to cross over in front of opposing traffic at grade (i.e. on the level).

Flying junction

grade-separated junctionburrowing junctionflyover
The capacity of a railway junction can be increased with improved signalling measures, by building points suitable for higher speeds, or by turning level junctions into flying junctions.
A flying junction or flyover is a railway junction at which one or more diverging or converging tracks in a multiple-track route cross other tracks on the route by bridge to avoid conflict with other train movements.

Double junction

diamond crossingsingle lead junctiondiamonds
A double junction is a railway junction where a double track railway splits into two double track lines.

Interlocking

electronic interlockingrelay interlockinginterlocked
In railway signalling, an interlocking is an arrangement of signal apparatus that prevents conflicting movements through an arrangement of tracks such as junctions or crossings.

Railway town

railroad townled to the formation of a townRailroad towns
A railway town, or railroad town, is a settlement that originated or was greatly developed because of a railway station or junction at its site.

Glossary of rail transport terms

railway linerail linemilk train
The capacity of the junctions limits the capacity of a railway network more than the capacity of individual railway lines.

Rail transport

railwayrailroadrail
A junction, in the context of rail transport, is a place at which two or more rail routes converge or diverge.

Railway signalling

signallingrailway signalingblock signal
This implies a physical connection between the tracks of the two routes (assuming they are of the same gauge), provided by points (US: switches) and signalling. The capacity of a railway junction can be increased with improved signalling measures, by building points suitable for higher speeds, or by turning level junctions into flying junctions.

Route capacity

transport capacitycapacitypassenger volumes
Junctions are important for rail systems, their installation into a rail system can expand route capacity, and have a powerful impact upon on-time performance.

On-time performance

schedule adherencereliabilitydwell times
Junctions are important for rail systems, their installation into a rail system can expand route capacity, and have a powerful impact upon on-time performance.

Rail transport operations

Railway operationsrailroad operationsoperations
Rail transport operations refer to stations that lie on or near a railway junction as a junction station.

Yeovil Junction railway station

Yeovil JunctionYeovilYeobil Junction
In the UK it is customary for the junction (and the related station) to be named after the next station on the branch, e.g. Yeovil Junction is on the mainline railway south of Yeovil, and the next destination on the branch is Yeovil Pen Mill.

Yeovil

Yeovil, SomersetHoundstone Yeovil
In the UK it is customary for the junction (and the related station) to be named after the next station on the branch, e.g. Yeovil Junction is on the mainline railway south of Yeovil, and the next destination on the branch is Yeovil Pen Mill.

Yeovil Pen Mill railway station

Yeovil Pen MillPen MillYeovil
In the UK it is customary for the junction (and the related station) to be named after the next station on the branch, e.g. Yeovil Junction is on the mainline railway south of Yeovil, and the next destination on the branch is Yeovil Pen Mill.

Rail freight transport

freight trainfreightgoods train
For goods trains (US: freight trains), marshalling yards (US: Classification yards) serve a similar purpose.

Classification yard

marshalling yardmarshalling yardsmarshaling yard
For goods trains (US: freight trains), marshalling yards (US: Classification yards) serve a similar purpose.

Earlestown railway station

EarlestownNewton JunctionEarlestown station
The world's first railway junction was Newton Junction (now Earlestown station) near Newton-le-Willows, England where, in 1831, two railways merged.

Newton-le-Willows

NewtonEarlestownNewton le Willows
The world's first railway junction was Newton Junction (now Earlestown station) near Newton-le-Willows, England where, in 1831, two railways merged.

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
The world's first railway junction was Newton Junction (now Earlestown station) near Newton-le-Willows, England where, in 1831, two railways merged.

Tunnel

cut-and-coverunderpasscut and cover
With more complicated junctions such construction can rapidly become very expensive, especially if space is restricted by tunnels, bridges or inner-city tracks.

Bridge

road bridgerailway bridgebridges
With more complicated junctions such construction can rapidly become very expensive, especially if space is restricted by tunnels, bridges or inner-city tracks.

Rapid transit

subwaymetrounderground
Metro rail systems have a rail network design where the number of junctions are minimised.

Train station

railway stationstationterminus
Rail transport operations refer to stations that lie on or near a railway junction as a junction station.