Jura Mountains

Topographical map (relief map) of Switzerland showing the Jura range proper (Faltenjura) in the northwest and west, and the Alps in the south and east
Creux du Van

The Jura Mountains (, , , ; Massif du Jura; Juragebirge; Massiccio del Giura, Montagnas da Jura) are a sub-alpine mountain range a short distance north of the Western Alps and mainly demarcate a long part of the French–Swiss border.

- Jura Mountains
Topographical map (relief map) of Switzerland showing the Jura range proper (Faltenjura) in the northwest and west, and the Alps in the south and east

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Satellite image of the Swiss Plateau between the Jura and the Alps

Swiss Plateau

Satellite image of the Swiss Plateau between the Jura and the Alps
View from the Pilatus on the Swiss Plateau near Luzern
The Napf region in the higher Swiss Plateau
The Swiss Plateau near Muri (AG)
Central Swiss Plateau near Sursee
View from the Rigi on the sea of fog covering the Swiss Plateau
Much of the eastern part of the plateau has become part of the "Greater Zurich Area".
The densely populated Swiss Plateau: view of Zurich from Waidberg
Lavaux and Lake Geneva
Nuclear power plant (Leibstadt)
The Rhine Falls

The Swiss Plateau or Central Plateau (Schweizer Mittelland; plateau suisse; altopiano svizzero) is one of the three major landscapes in Switzerland, lying between the Jura Mountains and the Swiss Alps.

Satellite image of Switzerland in October 2002. On the north side of the Alps, the regions located above 2000m are covered by snow. The canton of Ticino (on the south side) is almost snow-free in early autumn.

Swiss Alps

Satellite image of Switzerland in October 2002. On the north side of the Alps, the regions located above 2000m are covered by snow. The canton of Ticino (on the south side) is almost snow-free in early autumn.
Swiss Alps seen from the Swiss Jura in December 2010
Map of the western Swiss Alps
Map of the eastern Swiss Alps
Rhine Gorge in Graubünden
The Lac des Dix in Valais
Lauterbrunnen Valley in the Bernese Alps, a deep U-shaped valley that resulted from erosion by glaciers
Tree line in the national park
Liskamm (4,527 m), above the Gorner Glacier
Glacier 3000
Highest ski area in Europe above Zermatt
Due to strong political will by the citizenry, Zermatt remains car-free and retains much of its original character
The Glacier Express on the Landwasser Viaduct, Albula Range
Lötschberg railway line
The Alps are featured on the Swiss fifty-franc banknote since 2016.

The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps (Schweizer Alpen, Alpes suisses, Alpi svizzere, Alps svizras), represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions.

Switzerland

Landlocked country at the confluence of Western, Central and Southern Europe.

Landlocked country at the confluence of Western, Central and Southern Europe.

Founded in 44 BC by Lucius Munatius Plancus, Augusta Raurica (near Basel) was the first Roman settlement on the Rhine and is now among the most important archaeological sites in Switzerland.
The Old Swiss Confederacy from 1291 (dark green) to the sixteenth century (light green) and its associates (blue). In the other colours shown are the subject territories.
The 1291 Bundesbrief (federal charter)
The Act of Mediation was Napoleon's attempt at a compromise between the Ancien Régime and a Republic.
The first Federal Palace in Bern (1857). One of the three cantons presiding over the Tagsatzung (former legislative and executive council), Bern was chosen as the permanent seat of federal legislative and executive institutions in 1848, in part because of its closeness to the French-speaking area.
Inauguration in 1882 of the Gotthard Rail Tunnel connecting the southern canton of Ticino, the longest in the world at the time
General Ulrich Wille, appointed commander-in-chief of the Swiss Army for the duration of World War I
In 2003, by granting the Swiss People's Party a second seat in the governing cabinet, the Parliament altered the coalition that had dominated Swiss politics since 1959.
Physical map of Switzerland (in German)
Köppen–Geiger climate classification map for Switzerland
The Swiss Federal Council in 2022 with President Ignazio Cassis (bottom) standing on an abstract, reduced railway lines map and positioned at their respective political origins
The Federal Palace, seat of the Federal Assembly and the Federal Council
The Landsgemeinde is an old form of direct democracy, still in practice in two cantons.
The colour-reversed Swiss flag became the symbol of the Red Cross Movement, founded in 1863 by Henry Dunant.
A Swiss Air Force F/A-18 Hornet at Axalp Air Show
Swiss-built Mowag Eagles of the Land Forces
The Old City of Bern
A proportional representation of Switzerland exports, 2019
The city of Basel (Roche Tower) is the capital of the country's pharmaceutical industry, which accounts for around 38% of Swiss exports worldwide.
The Greater Zürich area, home to 1.5 million inhabitants and 150,000 companies, is one of the most important economic centres in the world.
The University of Basel is Switzerland's oldest university (1460).
Some Swiss scientists who played a key role in their discipline (clockwise):
Leonhard Euler (mathematics)
Louis Agassiz (glaciology)
Auguste Piccard (aeronautics)
Albert Einstein (physics)
The LHC tunnel. CERN is the world's largest laboratory and also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.
Members of the European Free Trade Association (green) participate in the European Single Market and are part of the Schengen Area.
Switzerland has the tallest dams in Europe, among which the Mauvoisin Dam, in the Alps. Hydroelectricity is the most important domestic source of energy in the country.
Entrance of the new Lötschberg Base Tunnel, the third-longest railway tunnel in the world, under the old Lötschberg railway line. It was the first completed tunnel of the greater project NRLA.
Population density in Switzerland (2019)
Percentage of foreigners in Switzerland (2019)
Urbanisation in the Rhone Valley (outskirts of Sion)
Alphorn concert in Vals
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was not only a writer but also an influential philosopher of the eighteenth century.
Ski area over the glaciers of Saas-Fee
Roger Federer has won 20 Grand Slam singles titles, making him among the most successful men's tennis players ever.
Fondue is melted cheese, into which bread is dipped

It is geographically divided among the Swiss Plateau, the Alps and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41285 km2 and land area of 39997 km2.

Basel-Landschaft

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

Castle of Angenstein in Duggingen
Caricature of the division of Basel, 1833
Former town hall in Liestal, the cantonal capital.
Districts of Canton Basel-Landschaft
Elektra Birseck Münchenstein in Münchenstein

It lies essentially south of the Rhine and north of the Jura Mountains.

Canton of Jura

Newest (founded in 1979) of the 26 Swiss cantons, located in the northwestern part of Switzerland.

Newest (founded in 1979) of the 26 Swiss cantons, located in the northwestern part of Switzerland.

Logo of the Republic and Canton of Jura
Old city of Porrentruy
The coat of arms of the canton has been added to the side of the dome in the Federal Palace in Bern, which features the arms of the other cantons, after its foundation in 1978
Districts in the canton of Jura

It consists of parts of the Jura mountains in the south and the Jura plateau in the north.

Folds of alternate layers of limestone and chert occur in Greece. The limestone and chert were originally deposited as flat layers on the floor of a deep sea basin. These folds were created by Alpine deformation.

Fold (geology)

Stack of originally planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, that are bent or curved during permanent deformation.

Stack of originally planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, that are bent or curved during permanent deformation.

Folds of alternate layers of limestone and chert occur in Greece. The limestone and chert were originally deposited as flat layers on the floor of a deep sea basin. These folds were created by Alpine deformation.
Kink band folds in the Permian of New Mexico, USA
Rainbow Basin syncline in the Barstow Formation near Barstow, California
Fold sketch 3D model
Chevron folds, Ireland
Interlimb angles
Ramsay classification of folds by convergence of dip isogons (red lines).
An anticline in New Jersey
A monocline at Colorado National Monument
Recumbent fold, King Oscar Fjord
Box fold in La Herradura Formation, Morro Solar, Peru
Rollover anticline
Ramp anticline
Fault-propagation fold
Dextral sense shear folds in mylonites within a shear zone, Cap de Creus
Flow folding: depiction of the effect of an advancing ramp of rigid rock into compliant layers. Top: low drag by a ramp: layers are not altered in thickness; Bottom: high drag: lowest layers tend to crumple.
anticline oil trap

These generally occur above a good detachment such as in the Jura Mountains, where the detachment occurs on middle Triassic evaporites.

Vaud

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

Logo of the canton of Vaud
Roman column in Nyon
Bailiwicks of Bern in Vaud in the 18th century
Built by the Bishop of Lausanne during the 15th century, Château Saint-Maire has been the seat of the cantonal government since 1803
Vevey, Lake Geneva, and the Swiss Alps
Vallée de Joux, Jura
Montreux and Lake Geneva
The room of the Grand Council of Vaud, the parliament of the canton of Vaud
Districts of canton of Vaud
Lausanne, capital and largest city in Vaud
Lavaux vineyards above Lake Geneva

The geography of the canton includes all three natural regions of Switzerland: the Jura Mountains, the Swiss Plateau and the (Swiss) Alps.

Canton of Solothurn

Canton of Switzerland.

Canton of Switzerland.

Figures 2 and 3 in the image are wearing traditional costumes of the Canton of Solothurn.
Districts of Canton Solothurn
Biberist

The landscape is mostly flat, but it includes the foothills of the Jura massif.

Canton of Bern

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

Helveto-Roman settlement Bern-Engehalbinsel
Baths at Engehalbinsel near Bern
Burgundian and Allamanni lands between 534 and 843
Lands held by the main noble families around 1200
The Swiss Confederacy before the Battle of Sempach (1387)
The Swiss Confederacy in 1416
The Swiss Confederacy in the 18th century
The districts of the Bernese Aargau before the creation of the Canton of Aargau
Districts of the Canton of Bern in the 18th Century
Map of the modern Canton of Vaud, which was annexed by Bern from 1536 until 1798
Siege and execution of the garrison at Grandson
The Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1801
View from the Chasseral across the Mittelland to the Bernese Alps
Staubbachfall
Wetterhorn, painting by Joseph Anton Koch, 1824
The Grand Council, the cantonal parliament
Districts of the canton of Bern
Capital city of Bern with the Aare, Gothic Nydeggkirche on left
Emmentaler cheese

The geography of the canton includes a large share of all three natural regions of Switzerland: the Jura Mountains (the Bernese Jura), the Swiss Plateau (the Bernese Mittelland) and the Alps (the Bernese Oberland).

Franche-Comté

Cultural and historical region of eastern France.

Cultural and historical region of eastern France.

1771 map of Burgundy, Franche-Comté and Lyonnais by Rigobert Bonne
Landscape, Franche-Comté
Besançon
{{lang|fr|La Petite Montagne}}, a view from {{lang|fr|Molard de la Justice}}
View of Broissia, a commune in the Jura department
Besançon
Montbéliard
Belfort
Dole
Vesoul
Lons-le-Saunier

Between the Vosges range of mountains to the north and the Jura range to the south, the landscape consists of rolling cultivated fields, dense pine forest, and rampart-like mountains.