Köppen climate classification

ClimateKöppenCfbKöppen Climate SystemKöppen-Geiger systemKöppen classificationclimate zoneKöppen systemKoppenKöppen's climate classification
[[File:Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map.png|thumb|upright=2.5|An updated Köppen–Geiger climate mapwikipedia
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Tropical rainforest climate

Afequatorial climateequatorial
For example, Af indicates a tropical rainforest climate.
Regions with this climate are typically designated Af by the Köppen climate classification.

Oceanic climate

CfbCwbmaritime climate
For example, Cfb indicates an oceanic climate with warm summers as indicated by the ending b.
An oceanic climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features mild summers (relative to their latitude) and mild winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

Humid subtropical climate

Cfahumid subtropicalCwa
Cfa = Humid subtropical climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (or -3 °C), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C, and at least four months averaging above 10 °C. No significant precipitation difference between seasons (neither abovementioned set of conditions fulfilled). No dry months in the summer.
Under the Köppen climate classification, Cfa and Cwa climates are either described as humid subtropical climates or mild temperate climates.

Humid continental climate

Dfbhumid continentalHumid continental climate, cool summer
Dfa = Hot-summer humid continental climate; coldest month averaging below -0 °C (or -3 °C), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C, and at least four months averaging above 10 °C. No significant precipitation difference between seasons (neither abovementioned set of conditions fulfilled).
[[File:Koppen World Map Dfa Dwa Dsa Dfb Dwb Dsb.png|thumb|right|upright=2.25|Humid continental climate worldwide, utilizing the Köppen climate classification

Tropical climate

tropicaltropical climatestropical highland
Tropical climates are characterized by constant high temperatures (at sea level and low elevations); all 12 months of the year have average temperatures of 18 °C (64.4 °F) or higher.
A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of warmer than 18 C. In tropical climates there are often only two seasons: a wet season and a dry season.

Tropical monsoon climate

Amtropical monsoonmonsoon climate
Am = Tropical monsoon climate; driest month (which nearly always occurs at or soon after the "winter" solstice for that side of the equator) with precipitation less than 60 mm, but more than 4% the total annual precipitation.
A tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am".

Subarctic climate

subarcticDfcboreal
Dfc = Subarctic climate; coldest month averaging below 0 °C (or -3 °C) and 1–3 months averaging above 10 °C. No significant precipitation difference between seasons (neither abovementioned set of conditions fulfilled).
These climates represent Köppen climate classification Dfc, Dwc, Dsc, Dfd, Dwd and Dsd.

Tropical savanna climate

Awtropical wet and dry climatetropical wet and dry
Aw or As = Tropical wet and dry or savanna climate; with the driest month having precipitation less than 60 mm and less than 4% of the total annual precipitation.
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".

Trewartha climate classification

TrewarthaTrewartha classificationTrewartha climate scheme
The Köppen climate classification system has been further modified, within the Trewartha climate classification system in the middle 1960s (revised in 1980).
It is a modified version of the Köppen-Geiger system, created to answer some of its deficiencies.

Wet season

rainy seasonmonsoon seasonwet
Indeed, in tropical South America and Central America, the 'rainy season' (and the 'high water season') is called invierno or inverno, though it could occur in the Northern Hemisphere summer; likewise, the 'dry season' (and 'low water season') is called verano or verão, and can occur in the Northern Hemisphere winter).
Under the Köppen climate classification, for tropical climates, a wet season month is defined as a month where average precipitation is 60 mm or more.

Ice cap climate

Ice capAlpine glacierEF
EF = Ice cap climate; eternal winter, with all 12 months of the year with average temperatures below 0 °C.
Under the Köppen climate classification, the ice cap climate is denoted as EF.

Wladimir Köppen

KöppenKoeppenVladimir Köppen
It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846-1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936.
His most notable contribution to science was the development of the Köppen climate classification system, which, with some modifications, is still commonly used.

Climate classification

classifiedClimateclimate regions
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The most popular classification scheme is probably the Köppen climate classification scheme.

Davao City

DavaoDavao City, PhilippinesDavao City, Davao del Sur
Davao, Philippines (Af)
Davao has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), with little seasonal variation in temperature.

Paramaribo

Paramaribo, SurinameHistoric Inner City of ParamariboParamaribo, Dutch Guiana
Paramaribo, Suriname (Af)
Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification.

Mediterranean climate

warm-summer Mediterranean climateMediterraneanCsb
Csa = Hot-summer Mediterranean climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (or -3 °C), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C, and at least four months averaging above 10 °C. At least three times as much precipitation in the wettest month of winter as in the driest month of summer, and driest month of summer receives less than 30 mm.
Under the Köppen climate classification, "hot dry-summer" climates (classified as Csa) and "cool dry-summer" climates (classified as Csb) are often referred to as "Mediterranean".

Kampala

Kampala Capital City AuthorityKampala, UgandaLugogo
Kampala, Uganda (Af)
Kampala has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) under the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system.

Dry season

drydry-seasondry seasons
Indeed, in tropical South America and Central America, the 'rainy season' (and the 'high water season') is called invierno or inverno, though it could occur in the Northern Hemisphere summer; likewise, the 'dry season' (and 'low water season') is called verano or verão, and can occur in the Northern Hemisphere winter).
Under the Köppen climate classification, for tropical climates, a dry season month is defined as a month when average precipitation is below 60 mm.

Kuala Lumpur

SentulKuala Lumpur, MalaysiaKL
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Af)
Protected by the Titiwangsa Range in the east and Indonesia's Sumatra Island in the west, Kuala Lumpur is safe from strong winds and has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), which is warm and sunny, along with abundant rainfall, especially during the northeast monsoon season from October to March.

Suva

Suva, Fijicapital cityGarden City
Suva, Fiji (Af)
Suva features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification.

Douala

DualaDonala, CameroonDouala, Cameroon
Douala, Cameroon (Am)
Douala features a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am), with relatively consistent temperatures throughout the course of the year, though the city experiences somewhat cooler temperatures in July and August.

Kuching

Kuching CityKuching / MalaysiaKuching Proper
Kuching, Malaysia (Af)
Kuching has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), moderately hot but very humid at times and receives substantial rainfall.

Abidjan

Abidjan, Ivory CoastAbidjan BCAbidjan District
Abidjan, Ivory Coast (Aw, bordering on Am)
Abidjan experiences a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw), according to the Köppen climate classification.

Recife

Recife, PERecife, BrazilRecife, Pernambuco
Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (Am)
Recife has a tropical climate, more specifically a tropical monsoon climate (Am in Köppen climate classification), with warm to hot temperatures and high relative humidity throughout the year.

Cairns

Cairns, QueenslandCairns, AustraliaNorth Cairns
Cairns, Queensland, Australia (Am)
Cairns experiences a tropical climate, specifically a tropical monsoon climate (Am) under the Köppen climate classification.