Kadamba dynasty

KadambaKadambasKadamba EmpireKadambas of BanavasiBanavasi KadambāsBanavasi rulersdynastyKadamba ''rajasKadamba Coins and the earliest Kannada inscriptionKadamba dynasty of Banavasi
The Kadambas (345–525 CE) were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi in present-day Uttara Kannada district.wikipedia
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Karnataka

Karnataka StateMysoreState of Karnataka
The Kadambas (345–525 CE) were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi in present-day Uttara Kannada district. The crux of the kingdom essentially consisted of large areas of Karnataka, Goa and southern areas of present day Maharashtra.
The decline of Satavahana power led to the rise of the earliest native kingdoms, the Kadambas and the Western Gangas, marking the region's emergence as an independent political entity.

Uttara Kannada

Uttara Kannada districtNorth CanaraNorth Kanara
The Kadambas (345–525 CE) were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi in present-day Uttara Kannada district.
Uttara Kannada was the home of the Kadamba kingdom from the 350 to 525.

Chalukya dynasty

ChalukyaChalukyasChalukyas of Badami
From the mid-6th century the dynasty continued to rule as a vassal of larger Kannada empires, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta empires for over five hundred years during which time they branched into minor dynasties known as the Kadambas of Goa, Kadambas of Halasi and Kadambas of Hangal.
The Badami Chalukyas began to assert their independence at the decline of the Kadamba kingdom of Banavasi and rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of Pulakeshin II.

Mayurasharma

MayuraMayura SharmaMayurasarman
The kingdom was founded by Mayurasharma in c.345 which at later times showed the potential of developing into imperial proportions, an indication to which is provided by the titles and epithets assumed by its rulers and the marital relations they kept with other kingdoms and empires, such as the Vakatakas and Guptas of northern India.
Mayurasharma (or Mayuravarma (r.345–365 C.E.), a Brahmin scholar and a native of Talagunda (in modern Shimoga district), was the founder of the Kadamba Kingdom of Banavasi, the earliest native kingdom to rule over what is today the modern state of Karnataka, India.

Kakusthavarma

The Kadamba power reached its peak during the rule of Kakusthavarma.
Kakusthavarma (435–455) was a ruler of the Kadamba Dynasty of Banavasi in Southern India during the 5th century.

Kadambas of Halasi

Halasi Inscriptions
From the mid-6th century the dynasty continued to rule as a vassal of larger Kannada empires, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta empires for over five hundred years during which time they branched into minor dynasties known as the Kadambas of Goa, Kadambas of Halasi and Kadambas of Hangal.
The Kadamba dynasty was founded by Mayurasharma in about 4th century AD. It was believed that Mayura was the first king of the dynasty and was the ruler during the time of Pallava King Vishnugopa of Kanchipuram.

Western Ganga dynasty

Western GangaGangaGanga Dynasty
The Kadambas were contemporaries of the Western Ganga Dynasty and together they formed the earliest native kingdoms to rule the land with autonomy.
Their move from the early capital Kolar may have been a strategic one with the intention of containing the growing Kadamba power.

Kadambas of Hangal

Purandara DevaKadambaKadamba period
From the mid-6th century the dynasty continued to rule as a vassal of larger Kannada empires, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta empires for over five hundred years during which time they branched into minor dynasties known as the Kadambas of Goa, Kadambas of Halasi and Kadambas of Hangal.
He helped Western Chalukyas in the coup against the Rashtrakutas; re-established the Kadamba Dynasty mostly as a feudatory of Western Chalukyas, but his successors enjoyed considerable independence and were almost sovereign rulers of Goa and Konkan till 14th century CE.

Banavasi

Banavasi-12000
The Kadambas (345–525 CE) were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi in present-day Uttara Kannada district.
The town once was the capital of the Kadamba rulers, an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka.

Talagunda

The social order (caste) of the Kadamba family is also an issue of debate, whether the founders of the kingdom belonged to the Brahmin caste as described by the Talagunda inscription, or of local tribal origin.
Many inscriptions found here have provided insights into the rise of the Kadamba Dynasty.

Shimoga district

ShimogaShivamoggaShettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary
It states that Mayurasharma was a native of Talagunda, (in present-day Shimoga district of Karnataka state) and his family got its name from the Kadamba tree that grew near his home.
After the fall of the Shatavahana empire around 200 CE, the area came under the control of the Kadambas of Banavasi around 345 CE. The Kadambas were the earliest kingdom to give administrative status to the Kannada language.

Kannada

Kannada-languageCanareseಕನ್ನಡ
The Kadambas were the first indigenous dynasty to use Kannada, the language of the soil at an administrative level.
Purava HaleGannada: This Kannada term literally translated means "Previous form of Old Kannada" was the language of Banavasi in the early Common Era, the Satavahana, Chutu Satakarni (Naga) and Kadamba periods and thus has a history of over 2500 years.

Halasi

Bhoo Varaha Laxmi Narasimha Temple HalasiHalasi inscriptionsHalsi
The Talagunda, Gudnapur, Birur, Shimoga, Muttur, Hebbatta, Chandravalli, Halasi and Halmidi inscription are some of the important inscriptions that throw light on this ancient ruling family of Karnataka.
It is famous for having been the capital of a branch of Kadamba Dynasty.

Talagunda pillar inscription

Talagunda inscriptionTalagunda Stone-pillar
Majumdar however feels even the Talagunda pillar inscription, one of the most important sources of their history leaves many a detail unanswered.
The Tālagunda pillar inscription is an epigraphic record in Sanskrit giving an account of the Kadamba dynasty.

Alupa dynasty

AlupasAlupa[2
He maintained similar relations with the Bhatari vassal and the Alupas of South Canara.
The Alupas were initially independent but with the dominance of Kadambas from Banavasi, they became feudatory to them.

Chera dynasty

CheraCherasChera Kingdom
Historians Chopra et al. claim the Kadambas were none other than a Kadambu tribe who were in conflict with the Chera kingdom (of modern Kerala) during the Sangam era.
Nedum Cheral Athan - "Imayavaramban" Nedum Cheral Athan, son of Uthiyan Cheral Athan, is the hero of the second decade of Pathitrupattu which was composed by the poet Kannanar. In the poems, Nedum Cheral Athan is praised for having subdued "seven crowned kings" to achieve the title of adhiraja. With characteristic exaggeration, Kannanar also lauds the Chera for conquering foes from Kumari to the Himalayas. Nedum Cheral Athan, famous for his hospitality, gifted Kannanar with a part of Umbarkkattu. The greatest of his enemies were the Kadambas whom he defeated in battles. He also attacked Yavana ships and held Yavana traders ransom. Nedum Cheral Athan was killed in a battle with a Chola ruler. The Chola is also said to have been killed by a spear thrown at him by Nedum Cheral Athan. Subsequently both queens performed sati in respect of their husbands.

Maharashtra

Maharashtra StateMaharashtrianMaharashtra, India
The crux of the kingdom essentially consisted of large areas of Karnataka, Goa and southern areas of present day Maharashtra.
The state was also ruled by Western Satraps, Gupta Empire, Gurjara-Pratihara, Vakataka, Kadambas, Chalukya Empire, Rashtrakuta Dynasty, and Western Chalukya before finally, the Yadava rule.

Mangalore

Mangalore cityMangaluruManagalore
The Kadambas also patronised Jainism; several of the latter kings adopted the religion, and built numerous Jain Basadis (temples) that are scattered around Banavasi, Belagavi, Mangaluru and Goa.
This coastal city was ruled by several major powers, including the Kadambas, Alupas, Vijayanagar Empire, Keladi Nayaks and the Portuguese.

Chandravalli

The Talagunda, Gudnapur, Birur, Shimoga, Muttur, Hebbatta, Chandravalli, Halasi and Halmidi inscription are some of the important inscriptions that throw light on this ancient ruling family of Karnataka.
The inscriptions found in the nearby hillocks belonged to the Chalukya and Hoysala period, with one belonging to the king Mayurasharma, the founder of the Kadamba dynasty.

Mayura (film)

Mayura
The creation of the first native Kannada kingdom is celebrated by a popular Kannada film, Mayura starring Raj Kumar.
It is one of the most popular films of acclaimed Kannada actor Rajkumar, who plays the role of Prince Mayurasharma of the Kadamba dynasty, the earliest native kingdom to rule over what is today the modern state of Karnataka.

Chutu dynasty

ChutusChutuChutu Satakarni
According to the Talagunda and the Gudnapur inscriptions, they belonged to the Manavya Gotra and were Haritiputrās ("descendants of Hariti lineage"), which connected them to the native Chutus of Banavasi, a vassal of the Satavahana empire.
The Chutu rule seems to have ended when Mayurasharman established the Kadamba dynasty with its capital at Banavasi in c. 345 CE.

Kadamba architecture

Kadamba ShikharaKadamba styleKadamba style of architecture
Kadamba architecture
Kadamba architecture was a style of temple architecture founded by Mayurasharma in the 4th century AD in Karnataka, India Kadambas created new style of architecture which was the basis of the Hoysalas style of architecture,

Lakshmi Devi Temple, Doddagaddavalli

Lakshmidevi
The Kadamba style of tower was popular several centuries later and are seen in the Lakshmi Devi Temple, Doddagaddavalli (built by the Hoysalas) and the Hemakuta group of temples in Hampi from the 14th century.
The towers are in Kadamba nagara style.

Ashvamedha

Ashvamedha yajnaashwamedhahorse sacrifice
Majumdar considers Krishnavarma's rule as somewhat obscure due to lack of his inscriptions though the records issued by his sons credit him with efficient administration and the ashvamedha sacrifice.

History of South India

South IndiahistoryKadambas of Banavasi
History of South India
They rose from the region after the fall of the Satavahana empire and created a kingdom for themselves in Gangavadi (south Karnataka) while the Kadambas, their contemporaries, did the same in north Karnataka.