Kamianets-Podilskyi

Kamieniec PodolskiKamyanets-PodilskyKamieniecKamenets-PodolskyKamianets-PodilskyKamenets-PodolskKamenetz-PodolskKamenets-PodolskiKamenetsKamyanets-Podilskyi
Kamianets-Podilskyi (Ка́м'яне́ць-Поді́льський, Kamieniec Podolski, Camenița, Каменец-Подольский, קאמענעץ־פאדאלסק) is a city on the Smotrych River in western Ukraine, to the north-east of Chernivtsi.wikipedia
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Khmelnytskyi Oblast

KhmelnytskyiKhmelnytsky OblastKhmelnytsky
Formerly the administrative center of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast, the city is now the administrative center of the Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion (district) within the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province).
Its Volhynian region contains smaller cities like Izyaslav, Starokostiantyniv, Shepetivka, while its Podolian portion more developed cities of Khmelnytskyi and Kamianets-Podilskyi.

Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion

Kamianets-PodilskyiKamianets-Podilsky Raion
Formerly the administrative center of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast, the city is now the administrative center of the Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion (district) within the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province).
Its administrative center is located in the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, even though the city itself is not under the raion's jurisdiction.

Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle

a fortressancient castleCastle
The ancient castle was reconstructed and substantially expanded by the Polish kings to defend Poland from the southwest against Ottoman and Tatar invasions, thus it was called the gateway to Poland.
Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle (Кам'янець-Подільська фортеця; twierdza w Kamieńcu Podolskim; Каменец-Подольская крепость; Kamaniçe Kalesi) is a former Ruthenian-Lithuanian castle and a later three-part Polish fortress located in the historic city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine, in the historic region of Podolia in the western part of the country.

Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

KhmelnytskyiProskurovKhmelnitsky
The city is located about 101 km from the oblast's administrative center, Khmelnytskyi. , Kamianets-Podilskyi is the third largest city of Podolia after Vinnytsia and Khmelnytskyi.
According to the Russian census of 1897, Proskurov with a population of 22,855 was the fifth largest city of Podolia after Kamianets-Podilskyi, Uman, Vinnytsia and Balta.

Podolia

PodilliaPodolePodilia
The second part of the name relates to the historic region of Podolia (Подíлля of which Kamianets-Podilskyi is considered to be the historic capital.
A moderate climate predominates, with average temperatures at Kamianets-Podilskyi of 9 °C (-4 °C in January, 20 °C in July).

Podolian Voivodeship

Podole Voivodeshipvoivode of PodoleVoivode of Podolia
In 1434 it became the capital of the Podolian Voivodship and the seat of local civil and military administration.
Its capital was in Kamianets-Podilskyi, where local sejmiks took place and where the seat of the starosta was as well.

Lviv

LwówLembergLvov
During the free election period in Poland, Kamianets-Podilskyi, as one of the most influential cities of the state, enjoyed voting rights (alongside Warsaw, Kraków, Poznań, Gdańsk, Lwów, Wilno, Lublin, Toruń and Elbląg).
The new metropolis included regional diocese in Lwow (Lviv), Przemysl, Chelm, Wlodzimierz, Luck, Kamieniec, as well as Siret and Kijow (see Old Cathedral of St. Sophia, Kiev).

Podolia Eyalet

Eyalet of KamienieckiOttoman rulePodolia
After the Treaty of Buchach of 1672, Kamianets-Podilskyi was briefly part of the Ottoman Empire and capital of Podolya eyalet.
Its capital was Kamianets-Podilskyi (Kamieniec Podolski; ; Kamaniçe).

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
The ancient castle was reconstructed and substantially expanded by the Polish kings to defend Poland from the southwest against Ottoman and Tatar invasions, thus it was called the gateway to Poland. After the Treaty of Buchach of 1672, Kamianets-Podilskyi was briefly part of the Ottoman Empire and capital of Podolya eyalet.
The Köprülü Vizierate saw renewed military success with authority restored in Transylvania, the conquest of Crete completed in 1669, and expansion into Polish southern Ukraine, with the strongholds of Khotyn and Kamianets-Podilskyi and the territory of Podolia ceding to Ottoman control in 1676.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Kamyanets-Podilskyi

bishop of KamieniecDiocese of Kamyanets-PodilskyiKamyanets-Podilsky
In 1378 it became seat of a Roman Catholic Diocese.
He was appointed to the See of Kamianets-Podilskyi in 2002.

Ukrainian People's Republic

Ukrainian National RepublicUkraineUNR
In 1919–1920 during the ongoing Ukrainian–Soviet War, the city had officially served as a temporary capital of Ukrainian People's Republic.
Of course, due to constant intervention from the Petrograd sovnarkom and the German Empire the physical location of it was changing (Kamyanets-Podilsky, Bila Tserkva, others).

Smotrych River

Smotrych Smotrych
Kamianets-Podilskyi (Ка́м'яне́ць-Поді́льський, Kamieniec Podolski, Camenița, Каменец-Подольский, קאמענעץ־פאדאלסק) is a city on the Smotrych River in western Ukraine, to the north-east of Chernivtsi.
There are a couple cities and towns located on the river: Kamianets-Podilskyi, Smotrych.

Podolian Governorate

Podolia GovernoratePodoliaPodolie Governorate
After the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, the city belonged to the Russian Empire, where it was the capital of the Podolia Governorate.
The administrative centre was Kamenets-Podolskiy until 1914 when it moved to Vinnytsia.

Okopy, Ternopil Oblast

Okopy Świętej TrójcyOkopyOkopy Swietej Trojcy
To counter the Turkish threat to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, King Jan III Sobieski built a fortress nearby, Okopy Świętej Trójcy (now Okopy, Ternopil Oblast; meaning "the Entrenchments of the Holy Trinity").
The site was chosen by King Jan III Sobieski of Poland, as a measure to stop a possible attack from the nearby Turkish-seized fortresses of Kamieniec Podolski, twenty kilometers away, and Chocim, eight kilometers away.

Ukraine

UkrainianUKRUkrainia
Kamianets-Podilskyi (Ка́м'яне́ць-Поді́льський, Kamieniec Podolski, Camenița, Каменец-Подольский, קאמענעץ־פאדאלסק) is a city on the Smotrych River in western Ukraine, to the north-east of Chernivtsi.
Kiev, Lviv, Odessa and Kamyanets-Podilskyi are Ukraine's principal tourist centres each offering many historical landmarks as well as formidable hospitality infrastructure.

Ukrainian–Soviet War

Ukrainian-Soviet WarSoviet-Ukrainian WarUkrainian - Soviet War
In 1919–1920 during the ongoing Ukrainian–Soviet War, the city had officially served as a temporary capital of Ukrainian People's Republic.
Then Chekhivsky resigned from office, right after Vynnychenko has created in Kamyanets-Podilsky the Committee for the salvation of Republic, which was again dissolved by Petliura on February 13.

Augustus II the Strong

Augustus IIAugustus the StrongAugust the Strong
In 1699, the city was given back to Poland under King Augustus II the Strong according to the Treaty of Karlowitz.
Podolia and Kamieniec Podolski returned to Poland.

Ustym Karmaliuk

KarmaliukKarmeliukUstim Karmaluk
One of the towers was used as a prison cell for Ustym Karmeliuk, a prominent peasant rebel leader of the early 19th century), who managed to escape from it three times.
He was captured in 1814, and was sentenced in Kamianets-Podilskyi to run a gauntlet of 500 "spitzruten" blows, a typical military punishment.

Treaty of Karlowitz

Treaty of CarlowitzPeace of KarlowitzTreaty of Karlovitz
In 1699, the city was given back to Poland under King Augustus II the Strong according to the Treaty of Karlowitz.
Poland recovered Podolia, including the dismantled fortress at Kamaniçe.

Armenians in Ukraine

ArmeniansArmenian-UkrainianArmenian
However, as a commercial center, Kamianets-Podilskyi has been a multiethnic and multi-religious city with substantial Jewish and Armenian minorities.
Armeno-Kipchak of the Kipchak people was still current in the 16th and 17th centuries among the Armenian communities settling in the Lviv and Kamianets-Podilskyi area of what is now Ukraine.

Holy Trinity Church, Kamianets-Podilskyi

Holy Trinity Church
Famous tourist attractions include the ancient castle, and the numerous architectural attractions in the city's center, including the cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Holy Trinity Church, the city hall building, and the numerous fortifications.
Trójcy) is a church in the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.

Vinnytsia

VinnitsaVinnitsyaWinnica
, Kamianets-Podilskyi is the third largest city of Podolia after Vinnytsia and Khmelnytskyi.
According to the Russian census of 1897, Vinnytsia with a population of 30,563 was the third largest city of Podolia after Kamianets-Podilskyi and Uman.

David Günzburg

Baron David de GünzburgBaron David GünzburgBaron Günzburg
David Goratsiyevich Günzburg (Барон Давид Горациевич Гинцбург, David Goratsievich Gintsburg, 5 July 1857, Kamianets-Podilskyi - 22 December 1910, St. Petersburg), 3rd Baron de Günzburg, was a Russian orientalist and Jewish communal leader.

Sergey Gorshkov

Sergei GorshkovSergey Georgiyevich GorshkovAdmiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Sergey Georgiyevich Gorshkov
Born in Kamianets-Podilskyi to a Russian family, Gorshkov grew up in Kolomna.

Jacob Frank

FrankistFrankismFrankists
About the middle of the 18th century, Kamianets-Podilskyi became celebrated as the center of the furious conflict then raging between the Talmudic Jews and the Frankists.
The Sabbateans informed Mikołaj Dembowski, the Catholic Bishop of Kamieniec Podolski, Poland, that they rejected the Talmud and recognized only the sacred book of Kabbalah, the Zohar, which did not contradict the Christian doctrine of the Trinity.