USS Bunker Hill (CV-17), an aircraft carrier, was hit by two kamikazes on 11 May 1945, resulting in 389 personnel dead or missing and 264 wounded.
A Japanese Shinyo suicide motorboat, 1945
The Mongol fleet destroyed in a typhoon, by Kikuchi Yōsai, 1847
Lt. Yoshinori Yamaguchi's Yokosuka D4Y3 (Type 33 Suisei) "Judy" in a suicide dive against USS Essex (CV-9) on 25 November 1944. The attack left 15 killed and 44 wounded. The dive brakes are extended and the non-self-sealing port wing tank trails fuel vapor and/or smoke.
Model 52c Zeros ready to take part in a kamikaze attack (early 1945)
A kamikaze aircraft explodes after crashing into Essex flight deck amidships 25 November 1944.
Rear Admiral Masafumi Arima
26 May 1945. Corporal Yukio Araki, holding a puppy, with four other pilots of the 72nd Shinbu Squadron at Bansei, Kagoshima. Araki died the following day, at the age of 17, in a suicide attack on ships near Okinawa.
St Lo attacked by kamikazes, 25 October 1944
Starboard horizontal stabilizer from the tail of a "Judy" on the deck of USS Kitkun Bay (CVE-71). The "Judy" made a run on the ship approaching from dead astern; it was met by effective fire and the aircraft passed over the island and exploded. Parts of the aircraft and the pilot were scattered over the flight deck and the forecastle.
An A6M Zero (A6M2 Model 21) towards the end of its run at the escort carrier USS White Plains (CVE-66) on 25 October 1944. The aircraft exploded in mid-air moments after the picture was taken, scattering debris across the deck.
An A6M5 "Zero" diving towards American ships in the Philippines in early 1945
USS Louisville (CA-28) is struck by a Mitsubishi Ki-51 kamikaze at the Battle of Lingayen Gulf, 6 January 1945.
USS Missouri (BB-63) shortly before being hit by a Mitsubishi A6M Zero (visible top left), 11 April 1945
Aircraft carrier after being struck by a kamikaze off the Sakishima Islands. The kamikaze made a dent 3 m long and 0.6 m wide and deep in the armored flight deck. Eight crew members were killed, forty-seven were wounded, and 11 aircraft were destroyed.
Ugaki, shortly before taking off in a Yokosuka D4Y3 to participate in one of the final kamikaze strikes, 15 August 1945
A crewman in an AA gun aboard the battleship USS New Jersey (BB-62) watches a kamikaze aircraft dive at USS Intrepid (CV-11) 25 November 1944. Over 75 men were killed or missing and 100 wounded.
Japanese Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka ("cherry blossom"), a specially built rocket-powered kamikaze aircraft used towards the end of the war. The U.S. called them Baka Bombs ("idiot bombs").
First recruits for Japanese Kamikaze suicide pilots in 1944
Chiran high school girls wave farewell with cherry blossom branches to departing kamikaze pilot in a Nakajima Ki-43-IIIa Hayabusa.

For the naval department this meant kamikaze planes, kaiten submarines, fukuryu suicide divers or human mines, and shinyo suicide boats.

- Shin'yō-class suicide motorboat

In addition to kamikazes, the Japanese military also used or made plans for non-aerial Japanese Special Attack Units, including those involving Kairyu (submarines), Kaiten human torpedoes, Shinyo speedboats and Fukuryu divers.

- Kamikaze
USS Bunker Hill (CV-17), an aircraft carrier, was hit by two kamikazes on 11 May 1945, resulting in 389 personnel dead or missing and 264 wounded.

2 related topics

Alpha

A Kaiten, Type 1, at the Tokyo Yasukuni War Memorial Museum

Kaiten

Kaiten (回天) were crewed torpedoes and suicide craft, used by the Imperial Japanese Navy in the final stages of World War II.

Kaiten (回天) were crewed torpedoes and suicide craft, used by the Imperial Japanese Navy in the final stages of World War II.

A Kaiten, Type 1, at the Tokyo Yasukuni War Memorial Museum
Kaiten Type 1 periscope at the Tokyo Yasukuni War Memorial
Map of known Kaiten base locations at the end of World War II
A Kaiten Type 1 being trial-launched from the light cruiser Kitakami
Schematic of a Kaiten type 1
A Kaiten Type I at the Tokyo Yasukuni War Memorial Museum
Schematic of a Kaiten type 2
Inside the hydrogen peroxide chamber of a type 2 Kaiten
Schematic of a Kaiten type 4
Schematic of a Kaiten type 10
A kaiten type 10 on display at the Yamato Museum
USS Mississinewa (AO-59), victim of a kaiten attack on 20 November 1944
USS Underhill
Submarine I-47 as Kikusui group on 8 November 1944
Submarine I-56 as Kongō group on 21 December 1944
Submarine I-47 as Kongō group on 25 December 1944
Submarine I-48 as Kongō group on 1 January 1945
Submarine I-370 as Chihaya group on 21 February 1945
Submarine I-44 as Tatara group on 3 April 1945
Submarine I-36 as Tembu group
Submarine I-47 as Tembu group on 20 April 1945
Submarine I-367 as Simbu group on 2 May 1945
Submarine I-361 as Todoroki group on 23 May 1945
Submarine I-165 as Todoroki group on 15 June 1945
Submarine I-367 as Tamon group on 19 July 1945
Submarine I-363 as Tamon group in August 1945
Light cruiser Kitakami on 20 January 1945 at Sasebo Naval Arsenal
Kaiten Type 1 being trial launched from the light cruiser Kitakami (port)
Type D destroyers on 11 September 1945 at Kure Naval Base

For the Navy, this meant Kamikaze planes, Shinyo suicide boats, Kaiten submarines, and Fukuryu suicide divers or human mines.

Ohka at the Yasukuni Shrine

Japanese Special Attack Units

During World War II, Japanese Special Attack Units (特別攻撃隊), also called shimbu-tai, were specialized units of the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army normally used for suicide missions.

During World War II, Japanese Special Attack Units (特別攻撃隊), also called shimbu-tai, were specialized units of the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army normally used for suicide missions.

Ohka at the Yasukuni Shrine
A Shinyo suicide boat
Kaiten manned torpedoes, stacked on top of a departing submarine
A Kairyu in the Aburatsubo inlet

They included kamikaze aircraft, fukuryu frogmen, and several types of suicide boats and submarines.