Kamyana Mohyla

Stone TombArchaeological Site "Stone TombKamyanathe Stone Grave
Kamyana Mohyla (Кам'яна Могила; literally: "stone tomb") is an archaeological site in the Molochna River (literally "Milk river") valley, about a mile from the village of Terpinnya, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine.wikipedia
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Zaporizhia Oblast

ZaporizhiaZaporizhzhia OblastZaporizhya Oblast
Kamyana Mohyla (Кам'яна Могила; literally: "stone tomb") is an archaeological site in the Molochna River (literally "Milk river") valley, about a mile from the village of Terpinnya, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine.

Molochna River

MolochnaMolochnayaMolochnaya River
Kamyana Mohyla (Кам'яна Могила; literally: "stone tomb") is an archaeological site in the Molochna River (literally "Milk river") valley, about a mile from the village of Terpinnya, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine.
A former island in the river contains the archaeological site of Kamyana Mohyla.

Petroglyph

petroglyphsrock carvingrock carvings
The young archaeologist claimed to have discovered thirty caves with petroglyph inscriptions which he dated from the 20th century BC to the 17th century AD.
Many petroglyphs are dated to approximately the Neolithic and late Upper Paleolithic boundary, about 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, if not earlier, such as Kamyana Mohyla.

Melitopol

Melita (ancient port city)HeidelbergKyzyl-Yar Lake
In the 1930s the site was investigated by a team of scholars from Melitopol under Valentin Danylenko (1913–82).
There is the unique relic of the Stone Grave (Кам'яна могила, translit. Kamyana mohyla, Каменная могила) 12 km north of Melitopol.

Çatalhöyük

Çatal HöyükÇatal HüyükCatalhoyuk
In this controversial work, Kifishin compared the petroglyphs of Kamenna Mohyla to those of Çatalhöyük and concluded that both were related to the Sumerian cuneiform script.

Sandstone

sandstonesred sandstoneSandstein
The site encompasses a group of isolated blocks of sandstone, up to twelve meters in height, scattered around an area of some 3,000 square meters.

Nogais

NogaiNogaysNogay
As Noghai legend has it, it resulted from a scuffle of two baghaturs who took turns throwing rocks at each other.

Baghatur

BahadurbaatarBatyr
As Noghai legend has it, it resulted from a scuffle of two baghaturs who took turns throwing rocks at each other.

Shoal

sandbarsandbanksand bar
In truth, the site had its origins in a sandbank of the Tethys Ocean.

Tethys Ocean

Tethys SeaTethysTethys domain
In truth, the site had its origins in a sandbank of the Tethys Ocean.

Kurgan

kurgansburial moundburial mounds
The shape of this sand hill is similar to that of kurgans that dot the Pontic-Caspian steppe.

Pontic–Caspian steppe

Pontic steppePontic-Caspian steppePontic steppes
The shape of this sand hill is similar to that of kurgans that dot the Pontic-Caspian steppe.

Nikolay Veselovsky

N. I. VeselovskiNikolai VeselovskyVeselovsky, N. I.
In 1889, the Russian archaeologist Nikolay Veselovsky was called upon to explore the enigmatic site and started excavations the following year.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Danylenko resumed his work on the site after World War II and claimed to have discovered thirteen additional caves with petroglyphs.

Reservoir

artificial lakereservoirsartificial
The move was intended to prevent the area from being flooded after construction of a water reservoir.

Sanctuary

sanctuariesasylumBast
No traces of ancient human settlement have been discovered in the vicinity, leading many scholars to believe that the hill served as a remote sanctuary.

Mesolithic

Mesolithic periodMesolithic EuropeMesolithic Age
Scholars have been unable to agree whether the petroglyphs date from Mesolithic or Neolithic.

Neolithic

Neolithic periodNeolithic AgeNew Stone Age
Scholars have been unable to agree whether the petroglyphs date from Mesolithic or Neolithic.

Mammoth

MammuthusmammothsWoolly Mammoth
The latter dating is more popular, although the presumed depiction of a mammoth in one of the caves seems to favour the former date.

World Heritage Site

UNESCO World Heritage SiteWorld HeritageWorld Heritage List
In 2006, the government of Ukraine nominated the site for inscription on the World Heritage List.

Cuneiform

cuneiform scriptAkkadian cuneiformSumerian cuneiform
In this controversial work, Kifishin compared the petroglyphs of Kamenna Mohyla to those of Çatalhöyük and concluded that both were related to the Sumerian cuneiform script.

Dipalpur

DepalpurDeepalpur
Kamyana, Begooka, Syed Bukhari Naqvi, Syed Gillani, Sheikh, Khokhar, Wattoo, Bhatti, Pathan (Khan), Johiya, Jat, Kharal, Arain are the main castes.

Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites

150 dolmen on the islandGochang DolmensGochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa
First, the theory that it was spread through the sea in Southeast Asia, secondly, the theory that it was derived from a stone tomb in the north, and third, the theory that it originated in Korea.

Megalith

megalithicmegalithic tombmegaliths
Despite its name, the Stone Tomb in Ukraine was not a tomb but rather a sanctuary.