Kansas

Samuel Seymour's 1819 illustration of a Kansa lodge and dance is the oldest drawing known to have been done in Kansas.
Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence
The Great Plains of Kansas
Kanopolis State Park
Spring River, Kansas
Köppen climate types of Kansas, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Clouds in northeastern Kansas
Kansas summer wheat and storm panorama
A festival in Lindsborg, Kansas
A population density map of Kansas
Reverend Charles Sheldon, Topeka resident and coiner of the phrase "What would Jesus do?"
Downtown Lawrence in 2018
Kansas State Capitol in Topeka
Wichita, the largest city in Kansas
Pittsburg State University's Veteran's Memorial
Farmland and the Great Plains in central Kansas
Kansas's Monument Rocks at night
Cathedral of the Plains, a Roman Catholic Church Minor Basilica
Gove County Badlands
Charles Curtis (R) was born near Topeka and served as a State Legislator, Congressman and Senator, before becoming Vice President (1929-33). He is the only Native American elected to the Executive Branch (he was born into the Kaw Nation).
The Rio Theatre, Overland Park
The Plaza Cinema in Ottawa is the oldest operating movie theater in the world.
Fox Theater, Hutchinson
Children's Mercy Park, Kansas City
Allen Fieldhouse at University of Kansas in Lawrence
Tyler Field in Eck Stadium at Wichita State University in Wichita

State in the Midwestern United States.

- Kansas

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Kaw people

Water tower of the Kaw nation, along I-35 in Oklahoma
Kno-Shr, Kansa Chief, 1853
Chief Monchousia (White Plume) by Charles Bird King, c. 1822. On display in the White House.
Engraving of Fool Chief's village of the 1840s along the Kansas River by Pierre-Jean De Smet
Al-le-ga-wa-ho, head chief of the Kaws in the 1860s and 1870s, in a photo from 1867
Chief Washunga of the Kaw, c. 1900

The Kaw Nation (or Kanza or Kansa) is a federally recognized Native American tribe in Oklahoma and parts of Kansas.

Bleeding Kansas

Series of violent civil confrontations in Kansas Territory, and to a lesser extent in western Missouri, between 1854 and 1859.

1856 map showing slave states (gray), free states (pink), and territories (green) in the United States, with the Kansas Territory in center (white)
1855 Free-State poster
Preston Brooks attacking Charles Sumner in the U.S. Senate in 1856
Tragic Prelude, in the Kansas State Capitol

It emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.

Colorado

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

Ruins of Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde National Park. Photo by Gustaf Nordenskiöld, 1891
Great Kiva at Chimney Rock in the San Juan Mountains of Southwestern Colorado. It is said to have been built by the Ancient Pueblo peoples.
The Spanish discovering the Colorado River, namesake of the state, in 1540, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau. García López de Cárdenas can be seen overlooking the Grand Canyon.
Map of the Mexican Cession, with the white representing the territory the United States received from Mexico (plus land ceded to the Republic of Texas) after the Mexican–American War. Well over half of Colorado was received during this treaty.
The Anasazi Heritage Center in Dolores
The territories of New Mexico, Utah, Kansas, and Nebraska before the creation of the Territory of Colorado
Mount of the Holy Cross, photographed by William Henry Jackson in 1874
The Georgetown Loop of the Colorado Central Railroad as photographed by William Henry Jackson in 1899
Three 10th Mountain Division skitroopers above Camp Hale in February 1944.
The arid high plains in Southeastern Colorado
Front Range Peaks west of Denver
Tenmile Range and Dillon Reservoir near Breckenridge
Grays Peak at 4352 m is the highest point on the Continental Divide in North America
The high desert lands that make up the San Luis Valley in Southern Colorado
Maroon Bells, at 14163 ft, is part of White River National Forest and a tourist destination
The Colorado National Monument near Grand Junction is made up of high desert canyons and sandstone rock formations
Köppen climate types of Colorado, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Breckenridge naturalist Edwin Carter with a mounted gray wolf killed in the Colorado Rockies, ca. 1890–1900.
An enlargeable map of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado
An enlargeable map of the 17 core-based statistical areas of Colorado
Colorado population density map
Denver Energy Center lies in the Denver financial district along 17th Street, known as the Wall Street of the West
Corn growing in Larimer County
An oil well in western Colorado
History Colorado Center in Denver
Street art in Denver
The Colorado Rockies baseball club at Coors Field
Empower Field at Mile High in Denver, home field of the Denver Broncos and the Denver Outlaws
Ball Arena, home of the Denver Nuggets, the Colorado Avalanche, and the Colorado Mammoth
Dick's Sporting Goods Park, home of the Colorado Rapids
A Colorado state welcome sign
The main terminal of Denver International Airport evokes the peaks of the Front Range.
The westbound and eastbound California Zephyrs meet in the Glenwood Canyon.
Colorado Christian University
Colorado College
Colorado Mesa University
Colorado School of Mines
Colorado State University
Regis University
The United States Air Force Academy
The University of Colorado Boulder
The University of Denver
Fort Carson
Peterson Space Force Base
United States Air Force Academy
The Southern Ute Tribal Administration Building
The Ute Mountain Ute Tribal Office Complex
Lowry Pueblo in Canyons of the Ancients National Monument
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Spruce Tree House in Mesa Verde National Park

Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, and Utah to the west, as well as touching Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners.

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

Francisco Vázquez Coronado in the Plaza Mayor de Salamanca
The Coronado Expedition (1540–1542) from Mexico north through the future U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Coronado Sets Out to the North (Frederic Remington, c. 1900)
The Coronado Expedition, 1540–1542 (DjVu format)
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition.
Episode from the Conquest of America by Jan Mostaert (c. 1545), probably Vázquez de Coronado in New Mexico

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján (1510 – 22 September 1554) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from what is now Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.

Wichita people

The Wichita people or Kitikiti'sh are a confederation of Southern Plains Native American tribes.

Tribal flag
Wichita grass lodge, near Anadarko, Oklahoma Territory, ca. 1885–1900
Trade beads found at a Wichita village site, ca. 1740, collection of the Oklahoma History Center
Geophysical image depicting the subsurface archaeological footprint of a Great Bend aspect council circle
Wichita camp, 1904
Tatum, a Wichita woman, 1898

They are indigenous to Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas.

Republic of Texas

Sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846, although Mexico considered it a rebellious province during its entire existence despite the Treaties of Velasco of May 1836.

Map of the Republic of Texas. Since the Republic was not recognized by Mexico, its entire territory was disputed. The area that was controlled by the Republic is in dark green while the territory claimed by the Republic but not effectively controlled is in light green.
The Burnet Flag used from December 1836 to January 1839 as the national flag until it was replaced by the Lone Star Flag, and as the war flag from January 25, 1839, to December 29, 1845
Map of the Republic of Texas. Since the Republic was not recognized by Mexico, its entire territory was disputed. The area that was controlled by the Republic is in dark green while the territory claimed by the Republic but not effectively controlled is in light green.
Naval ensign of the Texas Navy from 1836–1839 until it was replaced by the Lone Star Flag
Detail of a map showing the Republic of Texas by William Home Lizars, 1836
Map of the Republic of Texas by Thomas Gamaliel Bradford, 1838
Map of the Republic of Texas and the Adjacent Territories by C.F. Cheffins, 1841
Sam Houston and Stephen F. Austin depicted on a 1936 US postage stamp commemorating 100th anniversary of the Texas Republic
Baylor University, 1892 lithograph
The Hôtel Bataille de Francès (now Hôtel de Vendôme), Place Vendôme in Paris, housed the Embassy of the Republic of Texas.
Postage stamp issued on the 100th anniversary of Texas statehood, 1945
Proposals for Texas's north and west boundaries in 1850 debate

It was bordered by Mexico to the west and southwest, the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, the two U.S. states of Louisiana and Arkansas to the east and northeast, and United States territories encompassing parts of the current U.S. states of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico to the north and west.

Kansas Territory

Map of the United States in 1812
Site No. JF00-072: The Nebraska–Kansas state line at the intersection of Nebraska counties Thayer and Jefferson and Kansas counties Washington and Republic
1855 first edition of Colton's map of the Nebraska and Kansas Territories
Territorial changes of Kansas

The Territory of Kansas was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 30, 1854, until January 29, 1861, when the eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the free state of Kansas.

Wichita, Kansas

A 1915 railroad map of Sedgwick County, showing many railroads that previously passed through Wichita
Boeing B-29 assembly line (1944)
The original Pizza Hut building, which was moved to the campus of Wichita State University (2004)
Downtown Wichita viewed from the west bank of the Arkansas River (2010)
Downtown Wichita & Century II Convention Center along the Arkansas River
Boeing plant in Wichita (2010): Boeing was once the largest employer in Wichita (as per a 2005 analysis), and aviation remains the city's largest industry.
Over 10,000 Stearman (Boeing) Model 75 trainer aircraft were built during the 1930s and 1940s.
The Sedgwick County Historical Museum (2008)
Intrust Bank Arena, home to the Wichita Thunder of the ECHL (2010)
Wichita City Hall (2018)
Wichita High School East (2012)
Interstate 135 begins at this exit from the Kansas Turnpike (Interstate 35) in south-central Wichita.
Union Station, Wichita's former passenger rail station (2009)
Campbell Castle in Wichita's Riverside neighborhood (2013)
Century II Performing Arts & Convention Center (2013)
The Commerce Street Arts District in downtown Wichita (2008)
Charles Koch Arena at Wichita State University, is home to the Wichita State Shockers (2010).
Davis Building at Friends University (2006)
Downtown Wichita at night (2007)
Eck Stadium at Wichita State University (2005)
Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art at Wichita State University (2007)
The Epic Center, the tallest building in Wichita (2006)
Exploration Place science museum (2013)
Locomotives on display at the Great Plains Transportation Museum (2007)
Intrust Bank Arena, the city's main entertainment and sports venue since 2010
The John Mack Bridge over the Arkansas River in south Wichita (2013)
Kansas Aviation Museum, formerly Wichita Municipal Airport from 1935 to 1951 (2007)
Lawrence-Dumont Stadium (2014)
The Robert J. Dole Veterans Affairs Medical Center (2013)
Old Sedgwick County Courthouse (2009)
The Sedgwick County Soldiers and Sailors Monument (2013)
The Downing Gorilla Forest at the Sedgwick County Zoo (2013)
Wichita Art Museum (2012)

Wichita is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kansas and the county seat of Sedgwick County.

Topeka, Kansas

An 1869 bird's-eye illustration of Topeka
Bird's-eye view in 1909
Great Overland Station, a former rail station, opened in 1927
The F5 tornado in 1966
Topeka in 1980
Downtown Topeka skyline at night, seen from the Kansas River (2005)
Aerial image of Topeka (2003)
Blacksmiths at the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway shops in Topeka, 1943
The capitol building, built 1866–1903
Abraham Lincoln statue in Topeka park
Kansas State Capitol in 1912
Old Governor's Mansion (1887), replaced by Cedar Crest in 1963 and demolished the following year
The Charles Curtis State Office Building (2001), facing the capitol

Topeka (Kansa: tó ppí kʼé, ) is the capital city of the U.S. state of Kansas and the seat of Shawnee County.

Santa Fe Trail

19th-century route through central North America that connected Franklin, Missouri, with Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Arrival of the caravan at Santa Fe, lithograph published c. undefined1844
Former U.S. Army outpost on the Santa Fe Trail, now a rest area on I-25 in northern New Mexico
Map of the Republic of Texas showing lands claimed by Texas after 1836 and present-day outline of New Mexico on the boundaries of 1836–1845
Connections along the Santa Fe Railroad, showing the principal regular stops on the AT&SF mainline, including cattle drive destinations such as Dodge City. It is no accident that most of those Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexican towns were also first serviced by the Santa Fe Trail.
Santa Fe Trail highway sign in Cimarron, New Mexico
End of the Santa Fe Trail marker on the Plaza in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Santa Fe Trail Ruts at Fort Union
Santa Fe Trail marker in Coolidge, Kansas
Santa Fe Trail Ruts west of Larned, Kansas
Santa Fe Trail marker at the Cuerno Verde Rest Area, Colorado

A highway route that roughly follows the trail's path, through the entire length of Kansas, the southeast corner of Colorado and northern New Mexico, has been designated as the Santa Fe Trail National Scenic Byway.